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From H. B. Smyth   15 January 1876


Reports an observation on his child’s behaviour;

claims to have captured two moths of different species in the act of copulating with each other.

Author:  Henry Beardmore Smyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 177: 204
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10360

From A. S. von Mansfelde   17 January 1876


Proposes an unorthodox theory of generation that explains sex determination and atavism.

Author:  Alexander Siedschlag von Mansfelde
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 180: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10361

To Ernst Haeckel   21 January [1876]


EH’s Arabische Korallen is spirited, clear, and poetical. With respect to formation of islands, thinks EH lays too much stress on views of Ehrenberg. Admires drawings.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  21 Jan [1876]
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1:1-52/ 37 [9890])
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10363

To Karl von Scherzer   24 January [1876]


Thanks for KHvS’s book [La province de Smyrne (1873)].

Discusses possible meeting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Karl von Scherzer
Date:  24 Jan [1876]
Classmark:  John Hay Library, Brown University (Albert E. Lownes Manuscript Collection, Ms. 84.2 (Box 3, Folder 38))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10364

From James Torbitt   24 January 1876


Are plants that arise from vegetative propagation individuals or merely parts of the original parent plant?

Author:  James Torbitt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 178: 130
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10365

From M. T. Masters   24 January 1876


He is surveying the literature on the struggle for existence among pasture plants. Asks CD for the "many cases on record" of changed relations among plants under slightly changed conditions alluded to in the Origin. [See M. T. Masters, J. B. Lawes and J. M. Gilbert "Agricultural, botanical, and chemical results of experiments on the mixed herbage of permanent meadow, conducted for more than twenty years in succession on the same land (pt 2, The botanical results)", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 173 (1883): 1181–413.]

Author:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 171: 86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10366

From W. E. Darwin   [before 29 January 1876?]


Purchases cigarettes for CD.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 29 Jan 1876?]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10366F

From M. T. Masters   26 January 1876



In response to CD’s query, answers that he has frequently heard discussions at the Horticultural Society of a saccharine secretion from leaves of the lime and has no doubt it really does occur. [See Cross and self-fertilisation, p. 402.]

Author:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 76: B185
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10367

To James Torbitt   26 January 1876


Obliged for Belfast Journal.

Almost impossible to determine what constitutes an individual. Definition for sexually reproducing organisms does not apply to lower ones.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Torbitt
Date:  26 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 148: 91
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10368

To Hubert Airy   27 January [1876?]


Agrees to aid HA in applying for membership in a society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hubert Airy
Date:  27 Jan [1876?]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10369

To Asa Gray   28 January 1876


Thanks for reviews of Insectivorous plants and of Climbing plants in Nation and American Journal Science [see 10329].

AG’s essay on seed dispersal ["Burs in the borage family", Am. Nat. 10 (1876): 1–4].

Preparing book on advantages of crossing [Cross and self-fertilisation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 Jan 1876
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (111)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10370

From J. D. Hooker   28 January 1876



Asks CD to come up to vote for Lankester.

Severely critical of R. L. Tait’s paper on Nepenthes communicated to the Royal Society.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 104: 51–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10371

To S. L. Lovén   28 January 1876


Thanks for SL’s [Études sur les echinoïdées (1875)]. Nothing could be more difficult than the homologies of this group.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Sven Ludvig (Sven) Lovén
Date:  28 Jan 1876
Classmark:  Centrum för vetenskapshistoria, Kungl. Vetenskapsakademien (Sven Lovéns arkiv, Inkommande brev, vol E1:3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10373

To J. D. Hooker   29 January 1876



Promises to vote for Lankester.

Acknowledges faults of R. L. Tait’s paper.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 Jan 1876
Classmark:  DAR 95: 403
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10374

From Ernst Haeckel   31 January and 1 February 1876


Thanks CD for comments on Arabische Korallen [1876].

Comments on Monoenia darwinii [?] as a primitive sponge.

Discusses criticisms of CD’s theory by K. E. von Baer ["Über Darwin’s Lehre", in Reden 2 (1876): 235–480].

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Jan and 1 Feb 1876
Classmark:  DAR 166: 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10375
Document type
letter (35)
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