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To G. J. Romanes   16 July 1874

Summary

Thanks GJR for his letter, regrets pressure of other work prevents his giving GJR’s remarks the attention they deserve. GJR makes clearer how an organ that has started to decrease will go on decreasing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  16 July 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.444)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9549

To J. D. Hooker   16 July 1874

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Summary

The Acacia must be Belt’s "Bulls’ horns".

The complexity of Utricularia has driven Frank and CD almost mad. Suspects it is necrophagous, i.e., it cannot digest, but absorbs decaying animal matter.

Foster is certainly in error. Every insect that Drosera catches causes aggregation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  16 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 326–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9550

From T. L. Marshall   16 July [1874]

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Summary

She and her father have been counting insect remains on Pinguicula hairs.

Author:  Theodosia Louisa Marshall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 123–4, 127
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9551

From J. D. Hooker   16 July [1874]

Summary

JDH has told Murray that the Quarterly Review article attacking George [Darwin] and CD [137 (1874): 40–77] was "as base as it was baseless".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9552

From J. D. Hooker   18 July 1874

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Summary

Two Nepenthes have devoured two pieces of fibrin [sketch shows size] in three days.

Has CD any objection to JDH’s giving an account of CD’s Drosera observations at Belfast [BAAS meeting] in a résumé of pitcher-plant results ["Address to the department of botany and zoology", Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 102–16]?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 208–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9553

From W. E. Darwin   [19? July 1874]

Summary

WED encloses a letter from H. M. Wilkinson about Utricularia and sundew.

H. M. Wilkinson has examined bladders of Utricularia; doubts that they absorb or digest insects.

H. M. Wilkinson describes dragonfly trapped by sundew [Drosera].

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [19? July 1874]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 53); DAR 58.1: 135–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9554

To J. D. Hooker   20 July [1874]

Summary

"It is grand about Nepenthes."

JDH is welcome to notice in any way any of CD’s published or unpublished results with insectivorous plants. Gives an abstract of his observations on Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 July [1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8: 32–37)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9555

From J. D. Dana   21 July 1874

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Summary

Thanks CD for Coral reefs [2d ed. (1874)].

JDD will correct his misunderstanding of CD on one point in the next edition of his book [Corals and coral islands].

Suggests CD consult Charles Wilkes’s Narrative [1844] for more accurate observations on Pacific islands.

Author:  James Dwight Dana
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 69: A71–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9556

From D. A. Spalding   21 July 1874

Summary

Thanks for CD’s son’s observations

and for allowing DAS to visit Down.

Author:  Douglas Alexander Spalding
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 177: 221
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9557

From J. D. Hooker   22 July 1874

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Summary

Stupefied by CD’s trouble and kindness. All he wanted for Belfast meeting was assurance that mention of published work on Drosera, etc., in Nature, etc., would not interfere with CD’s book.

Would like his Nepenthes results to go to CD or to Royal Society, but prefers CD take them.

Cephalotus very puzzling.

Peas and cabbage grow twice as fast after two days’ immersion in Nepenthes as when placed in distilled water, but four days’ immersion seems to kill them.

Has a splendid Australian Drosera twice as big as D. rotundifolia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 210–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9558

From Joseph Fayrer   22 July 1874

Summary

Is glad CD approves of his book;

has not yet done any more experiments on snake poison.

Author:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 164: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9559

To Edward Frankland   22 July 1874

Summary

Asks for the specific gravity of common phosphate of ammonia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  22 July 1874
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, The University of Manchester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9559A

To J. D. Hooker   23 July [1874]

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Summary

JDH should do as he likes with insectivorous plant materials.

He has always thought telling JDH what he has been doing was as good as publishing.

Cephalotus seems as horrid a puzzle as Utricularia.

Nepenthes will turn out a great job if the pitchers of different species act differently. JDH’s paper on Nepenthes [Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 102–16] is too long for CD’s book. Well deserves a place in Philosophical Transactions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 328–31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9560

To W. E. Darwin   24 [July 1874]

Summary

Arrangements for the visit to Southampton.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  24 [July 1874]
Classmark:  Michael Silverman (dealer): Catalogue 25 (2006)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9560F

From T. L. Brunton   23 July [1874]

Summary

Encloses a tracing of a portrait of John Bunyan showing the differences of the two sides of the face.

Author:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 339 (fragile)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9561

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   24 [June 1874]

Summary

Describes how Pinguicula captures insects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  24 [June 1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 16–17)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9562

From G. J. Romanes   24 July 1874

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Summary

Encloses a copy of a letter from H. Spencer giving his opinion on GJR’s views on disuse and a draft of GJR’s reply to Spencer.

Author:  George John Romanes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 52: D3–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9563

From E. E. Klein   24 July 1874

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Summary

Gives details of the smallest micrococci distinctly discernible under a microscope.

Author:  Edward Emanuel Klein
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 57: 130v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9564

To John Price   27 [July 1874]

Summary

Discusses Utricularia sent by JP.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Price
Date:  27 [July 1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.445)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9565

To Francis Darwin   [c. 27 July 1874]

Summary

Has been examining Utricularia minor. Same essential structure but catches smaller Entomostraca. One bladder had 24, another 20, and another 15 Entomostraca. "What slaughter! We must make out the functions of the beast––".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [c. 27 July 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 271.4: 7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9565A
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Date
1874
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