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To D. F. Nevill   18 September [1874]


Stupidly missed Utricularia bladders, which he assumed were with the leaves. Has now found true bladders on roots and has evidence of captive prey. Thinks bladders capture subterranean insects. Thinks the large bladder-like structures are water reservoirs. DN’s plant has given him a most enjoyable day of work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Dorothy Fanny Nevill
Date:  18 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9644

To J. D. Hooker   18 September [1874]



Describes his observations on Utricularia montana.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  18 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 336–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9645

From A. Haines   19 September 1874


States his admiration for CD’s views and their progress in the U. S.

Author:  Abner Haines
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Sept 1874
Classmark:  DAR 166: 84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9646

To J. D. Hooker   [20 September 1874]



Asks JDH to cut a bit of root from old Utricularia and bring it with him to Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [20 Sept 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 338
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9647

To Ernst Haeckel   20 September 1874


Thanks for 5th edition of his book [Natürliche] Schöpfungsgeschichte.

CD continues with his experiments on the digestive power of plants, which is much like that of mammals.

Is also preparing a revised edition of Descent.

Would welcome hearing more of his ideas about Pangenesis.

Postscript about Anthropogenie, which has just arrived. EH’s astonishing productivity.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  20 Sept 1874
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1: 1–52/31)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9647A

From A. W. Bennett   21 September 1874


Sends papers and references.

Reports his microscopic observations on Drosera and other plants.

Author:  Alfred William Bennett
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Sept 1874
Classmark:  DAR 160: 142
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9648

To James Verrell   21 September 1874


"Nature published last Thursday has not yet arrived."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Verrell
Date:  21 Sept 1874
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer) (August 1979)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9649

To Chauncey Wright   21 September 1874 and 29 January 1875


Head movements and their expressive significance. [P.S. explains letter was returned to CD because of a mistake in the address.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Chauncey Wright
Date:  21 Sept 1874 and 29 Jan 1875
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9650

From Thomas Meehan   22 September 1874


Sends CD his photo

and a copy of his address at Hartford ["Change by gradual modification not the universal law", Proc. Am. Assoc. Adv. Sci. (1874) pt 2: 7–12]. Does not believe his observations are unfavourable to natural selection but feels there are other factors involved in the origin of form.

Discusses further his work on colour and sex in plants; the linking of high colour and maleness.

Author:  Thomas Meehan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Sept 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 110
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9651

From D. F. Nevill   22 [September 1874]


Will send a different Utricularia species when the seedlings are better established.

Author:  Dorothy Fanny Nevill
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 [Sept 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 172: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9652

To A. W. Bennett   22 September [1874]


Thanks for sending papers by Hermann Hoffmann.

Discusses spiral cells in Drosera and Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred William Bennett
Date:  22 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9653

To Charles Lyell   23 September 1874


Discusses paper on volcanoes by J. W. Judd.

Comments on volcanoes of the S. American Cordillera.

Mentions paper by T. F. Jamieson ["Glacial period in N. Britain", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 30 (1874): 317–18].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  23 Sept 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.450)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9654

From J. D. Hooker   23 September 1874



CD’s Utricularia findings – bladders, subterranean roots, and insects decomposing in them – a grand discovery.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Sept 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 224–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9655

From Auguste Forel   23 September 1874


Sends a copy of his book on Swiss ants [Les fourmis de la Suisse (1874)]. Notes points and passages that he thinks will interest CD.

Author:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Sept 1874
Classmark:  DAR 164: 153
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9656

To T. L. Brunton   25 September 1874


Comments on digestive action of pepsin and hydrochloric acid.

Photograph of Rubens’ picture has not arrived.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Date:  25 Sept 1874
Classmark:  DAR 143: 162
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9657

From Charles Lyell   25 September 1874


Notes recent confirmation of CD’s views on subsidence in [island of] St Jago.

Describes Carboniferous strata discovered on Island of Mull by J. W. Judd. Contained evidence of Miocene sinking of volcanoes.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept 1874
Classmark:  K. M. Lyell ed. 1881, 2: 457
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9658

To John Lubbock   26 September [1874]


JL’s two articles in Nature ["Common wild flowers", 10 (1874): 402–6, 422–6].

Cautions against C. K. Sprengel’s notion of bees’ being deceived by nectarless nectary.

Colour of calyces.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  26 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 261.7: 10 (EH 88205935)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9659

To A. W. Bennett   27 September [1874]


Returns copy of Botanische Zeitung.

Responds to comments on Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred William Bennett
Date:  27 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9660

To Auguste Forel   28 September [1874]


Thanks AHF for his book on ants of Switzerland;

recommends reading Thomas Belt’s Naturalist in Nicaragua [1874].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Date:  28 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  Universität Zürich, Archiv für Medizingeschichte (AfM ZH PN 31.2:792)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9661

To J. D. Hooker   28 [September 1874]



Queries about species of Utricularia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 [Sept 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 339
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9662
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