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To Donders   [after 15 July 1874]

Summary

Wishes he had known of atropia and hopes he will have time to try it next summer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [after 15 July 1874]
Classmark:  Christie’s (dealers) (7 May 1993)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9548F

From F. C. Donders   12 July 1874

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Summary

On hearing of CD’s work with Drosera, tells of his experiment showing extreme sensitivity of the iris of a dog’s eye to atropine. [See Insectivorous plants, p. 173.]

Author:  Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 79–80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9545

To John Ralfs   13 July [1874]

Summary

Discusses specimens of Utricularia.

Mentions JR’s work on desmids [The British Desmidieae [Desmidiae!?] (1848)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Ralfs
Date:  13 July [1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.443)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9546

To F. C. Donders   15 July 1874

Summary

Discusses effect of atropine solution on eye,

and effect of phosphate of ammonia solution on gland of Drosera.

Would like to see work by T. W. Engelmann and possibly one by Dr De Ruyter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders
Date:  15 July 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9547

From J. D. Hooker   15 July 1874

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Summary

Asks what can be the meaning of appendages to tips of leaflets of enclosed Acacia or Mimosa.

Is at fibrin today.

Michael Foster suggests coagulation of protoplasm may be diseased, not digestive, symptom.

F. M. Balfour is at Kew today.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 206–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9548

To G. J. Romanes   16 July 1874

Summary

Thanks GJR for his letter, regrets pressure of other work prevents his giving GJR’s remarks the attention they deserve. GJR makes clearer how an organ that has started to decrease will go on decreasing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  16 July 1874
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.444)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9549

To J. D. Hooker   16 July 1874

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Summary

The Acacia must be Belt’s "Bulls’ horns".

The complexity of Utricularia has driven Frank and CD almost mad. Suspects it is necrophagous, i.e., it cannot digest, but absorbs decaying animal matter.

Foster is certainly in error. Every insect that Drosera catches causes aggregation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  16 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 95: 326–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9550

From T. L. Marshall   16 July [1874]

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Summary

She and her father have been counting insect remains on Pinguicula hairs.

Author:  Theodosia Louisa Marshall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 123–4, 127
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9551

From J. D. Hooker   16 July [1874]

Summary

JDH has told Murray that the Quarterly Review article attacking George [Darwin] and CD [137 (1874): 40–77] was "as base as it was baseless".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9552

From J. D. Hooker   18 July 1874

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Summary

Two Nepenthes have devoured two pieces of fibrin [sketch shows size] in three days.

Has CD any objection to JDH’s giving an account of CD’s Drosera observations at Belfast [BAAS meeting] in a résumé of pitcher-plant results ["Address to the department of botany and zoology", Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 102–16]?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 208–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9553

From W. E. Darwin   [19? July 1874]

Summary

WED encloses a letter from H. M. Wilkinson about Utricularia and sundew.

H. M. Wilkinson has examined bladders of Utricularia; doubts that they absorb or digest insects.

H. M. Wilkinson describes dragonfly trapped by sundew [Drosera].

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [19? July 1874]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 53); DAR 58.1: 135–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9554

To J. D. Hooker   20 July [1874]

Summary

"It is grand about Nepenthes."

JDH is welcome to notice in any way any of CD’s published or unpublished results with insectivorous plants. Gives an abstract of his observations on Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 July [1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8: 32–37)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9555

From J. D. Dana   21 July 1874

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Summary

Thanks CD for Coral reefs [2d ed. (1874)].

JDD will correct his misunderstanding of CD on one point in the next edition of his book [Corals and coral islands].

Suggests CD consult Charles Wilkes’s Narrative [1844] for more accurate observations on Pacific islands.

Author:  James Dwight Dana
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 69: A71–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9556

From D. A. Spalding   21 July 1874

Summary

Thanks for CD’s son’s observations

and for allowing DAS to visit Down.

Author:  Douglas Alexander Spalding
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 177: 221
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9557

From J. D. Hooker   22 July 1874

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Summary

Stupefied by CD’s trouble and kindness. All he wanted for Belfast meeting was assurance that mention of published work on Drosera, etc., in Nature, etc., would not interfere with CD’s book.

Would like his Nepenthes results to go to CD or to Royal Society, but prefers CD take them.

Cephalotus very puzzling.

Peas and cabbage grow twice as fast after two days’ immersion in Nepenthes as when placed in distilled water, but four days’ immersion seems to kill them.

Has a splendid Australian Drosera twice as big as D. rotundifolia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 210–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9558

From Joseph Fayrer   22 July 1874

Summary

Is glad CD approves of his book;

has not yet done any more experiments on snake poison.

Author:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 164: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9559

To Edward Frankland   22 July 1874

Summary

Asks for the specific gravity of common phosphate of ammonia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  22 July 1874
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, The University of Manchester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9559A

To J. D. Hooker   23 July [1874]

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Summary

JDH should do as he likes with insectivorous plant materials.

He has always thought telling JDH what he has been doing was as good as publishing.

Cephalotus seems as horrid a puzzle as Utricularia.

Nepenthes will turn out a great job if the pitchers of different species act differently. JDH’s paper on Nepenthes [Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): 102–16] is too long for CD’s book. Well deserves a place in Philosophical Transactions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 328–31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9560

To W. E. Darwin   24 [July 1874]

Summary

Arrangements for the visit to Southampton.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  24 [July 1874]
Classmark:  Michael Silverman (dealer): Catalogue 25 (2006)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9560F

From T. L. Brunton   23 July [1874]

Summary

Encloses a tracing of a portrait of John Bunyan showing the differences of the two sides of the face.

Author:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 July [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 339 (fragile)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9561
Document type
letter (59)
Date
1874
07
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