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To J. D. Hooker   12 September [1873]



Thanks JDH and Thiselton-Dyer for useful information.

Is surprised Mimosa albida is not sensitive to water. Asks that they try again, or lend it to him.

Remembers a walk in Brazil in great bed of Mimosa.

After JDH left, CD was very bad, with much loss of memory and severe shocks continually passing through his brain.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 274–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9052

From James Crichton-Browne   12 September 1873


Thanks CD for his praise of West Riding Asylum Medical Reports.

Hopes CD will come to Asylum if he attends BAAS meeting at Bradford.

Author:  James Crichton-Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 320
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9053

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   13 September [1873]


Thanks JSBS for telegraphing his results, which seem very remarkable; feels he should now try Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  13 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9055

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   14 September [1873]


Very pleased at JSBS’s discovery ["On the electrical phenomena which accompany the contractions of the leaf of Dionaea muscipula", Rep. BAAS 43 (1873): 133].

Asks for pure animal substances [proteins] for Drosera experiments. His other sources have been T. L. Brunton, Edward Frankland, W. A. Miller (now dead), and Hoffmann of Berlin [A. W. von Hofmann?].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  14 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9056

From J. D. Hooker   16 September 1873



Mimosa too far gone to send now.

CD’s marjoram is the common [Origanum] vulgare, not the pot herb.

On the water injury, Thiselton-Dyer and he may have used too fine a spray, but plant is insensitive.

Horribly angry at P. G. Tait’s letter in Nature [8 (1873): 381–2].

Tyndall writes that he is strong – the next number of Nature will prove it.

G. Henslow is much better.

JDH leaves for Bradford [BAAS meeting] tomorrow.

Rejoices at CD’s success with Drosera; longs to be at Nepenthes.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 162–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9057

To E. S. Morse   16 September 1873


Thanks for ESM’s paper ["On the systematic position of the Brachiopoda", Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 15 (1873): 315–72]. "What a wonderful change … to look at these ""shells"" as ""worms""."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Sylvester Morse
Date:  16 Sept 1873
Classmark:  Joseph R. Sakmyster, ADS Autographs (dealer) (no date)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9058

To J. D. Hooker   19 September [1873]



Obliged for information on Mimosa albida; if a vigorous plant behaves as JDH says, CD’s notions are all knocked on the head.

Anxious to read Tyndall’s answer to Tait [Nature 8 (1873): 399].

Drosera story too long for his strength. Essentially the leaves act just like stomach of an animal.

Burdon Sanderson will give some grand facts at BAAS about Dionaea.

Offers to help JDH with Nepenthes experiments. Finds experimental work always takes twice as much time as anticipated.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  19 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 277–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9059

From Francis Darwin   [19 September 1873]


Reports that S. W. Moore may be able to provide various substances for CD’s research on the digestive power of Drosera (sundew).

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [19 Sept 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9059F

From S. V. Wood Jr to Charles Lyell   19 September 1873


Thanks for proofs of the Supplement to Crag Mollusca. Sends crab apples.

Author:  Searles Valentine Wood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Sept 1873
Classmark:  Edinburgh University Library, Centre for Research Collections (Gen.117/6327-9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9059G

To E. A. Darwin   20 September 1873


Consults about the wisdom of Frank’s becoming CD’s assistant rather than practising medicine.

Outlines his finances.

[Copy in EAD’s hand.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Date:  20 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 105: B1–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9060

To Edward Frankland   21 September [1873]


Although CD’s experiments with pepsin were unsuccessful, he observed that the glands [of Drosera] as far as acid is concerned act just as the stomach of a mammal. Further experiments detailed. The secretion must contain something analogous to pepsin. [See 9062.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  21 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, The University of Manchester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9061A

To W. W. Baxter   21 September [1873]



Requests 6 2oz bottles with corks. Folic acid produces remarkable effect. Orders hydriodic acid.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  21 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 136
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9061F

From Edward Frankland   22 September 1873



CD’s discovery of acidity of Drosera secretion is interesting. EF explains how hydrochloric acid can be detected and identified. [See Insectivorous plants, p. 88.]

Author:  Edward Frankland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 38–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9062

From J. D. Hooker   [23 September 1873]



Thanks for C. E. Norton’s address.

Tyndall’s answer [Nature 8 (1873): 399] has surprised and disappointed him;

great trouble in announcing Tyndall’s election as President Elect [of BAAS] yesterday. Tyndall may throw up the Presidency. Spottiswoode and JDH have concocted a letter telling him the facts.

A very poor dull meeting. Comments on papers by W. C. Williamson, Clerk Maxwell, David Ferrier, Burdon Sanderson [Rep. BAAS 43: lxx–xci, 23–32,126–7, 131–3].

Has heard Huxley is back quite well.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [23 Sept 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 173–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9063

From John Murray   23 September [1873]


Sends CD an account that has the novelty of having a balance against CD.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 436
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9064

To Edward Frankland   23 September 1873


Will follow EF’s suggestions as to securing purity of fibrin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Frankland
Date:  23 Sept 1873
Classmark:  The John Rylands Library, The University of Manchester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9064A

To Charles Lyell   24 September 1873


Discusses apple specimens received from CL; reversion to crab state. Cites passage on subject in Variation.

Comments on letter from Mr Wood on inheritance in fruit-trees.

Would like to cross flowers of "Hawthornden" with many distinct varieties.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  24 Sept 1873
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.432)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9065

To John Murray   24 September [1873]


CD will have to make heavy corrections in Expression and Descent if there ever is a new edition of either.

Will soon begin another book [Insectivorous plants].

It and a second one [Cross and self-fertilisation] will sell only "very specially".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  24 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 352–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9066

To Fritz Müller   25 September 1873


Seedling vigour resulting from crossing of parents.

CD to publish work on insectivorous plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  25 Sept 1873
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 35)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9067

To Ernst Haeckel   25 September 1873


Comments on EH’s Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte [4th ed.].

Has written paper on rudimentary structures ["Complemental males of certain cirripedes", (1873) Collected papers 2: 177–82].

Edward Morse thinks brachiopods should be classed with annelids ["The systematic position of the Brachiopoda", Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 15 (1873): 315–73].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  25 Sept 1873
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Jena (Bestand A-Abt. 1: 1-52/30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9068
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