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To Nature   20 September [1873]

Summary

CD, in commenting on Wyville Thomson’s "Notes from the Challenger" [Nature 8 (1873): 347–9], recapitulates his work on rudimentary male cirripedes [Living Cirripedia], especially the complementary males attached to hermaphrodites. Offers an explanation, on evolutionary grounds, of their function and size.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  20 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 25 September 1873, pp. 431–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9061

From Francis Darwin   [15–8 September 1873]

Summary

FD has asked J. B. Sanderson about Mucin.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15–18 Sept 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10156F

To J. J. Weir   18 September [1873]

Summary

JJW is quite at liberty to use CD’s name as patron of cat show.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Jenner Weir
Date:  18 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  Boston Medical Library in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine (B MS Misc.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8524

From Francis Darwin   [30 September 1873]

Summary

He is travelling overnight by train from London to Pantlludw and will wake A. R. Ruck with a morningade on his flute.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [30 Sept 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8942F

To Gerard Krefft   [September 1873]

Summary

Thanks for observations on worm-castings and for JLGK’s amusing letter.

Wants to know whether species of Eucalyptus are dichogamous. [The P.S. on Eucalyptus may be part of another letter to another correspondent.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft
Date:  [Sept 1873]
Classmark:  Mitchell Library, Sydney (MLMSS 5828); Smithsonian Libraries (Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology MSS 405 A Gift of the Burndy Library)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9037

From J. D. Hooker   [September 1873]

Summary

Abstracts literature on sensitive plants (Linnaeus, L. P. Cailletet, W. R. McNab).

The Mimosa at Down is M. pudica.

Dichogamy in Eucalyptus difficult to decide, but Thiselton-Dyer thinks there is some protandry.

[Letter is in W. T. Thiselton-Dyer’s hand.]

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Sept 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 209.6: 205
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9038

To Theodor Gomperz   1 September [1873]

Summary

Will reread and consider TG’s letter when his health improves.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Theodor Gomperz
Date:  1 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  Cedric Hausherr (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9039

To W. D. Fox   1 September [1873]

Summary

Has been in bed for some days with ugly head symptoms. "We are a poor lot."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  1 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 152)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9040

To Francis Darwin   [4 September 1873]

Summary

Asks FD to bring any book that gives the affinities of the various earths, alkalis and metals.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [4 Sept 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 271.9: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9040F

From Andrew Clark   3 September 1873

Summary

Diagnosis of CD’s illness; prescribed diet.

Author:  Andrew Clark, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 161: 151
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9041

To W. W. Baxter   4 September 1873

Summary

Orders list of chemical salts. Ashamed to order from Hopkins and Williams because they charge him such an extremely low rate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  4 Sept 1873
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer) (August 2015)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9042

To W. W. Baxter   5 September [1873]

Summary

Orders salts of various metals; thinks chlorides (where soluble) would be better than nitrates.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  5 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.431)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9043

From Gerard Krefft   6 September 1873

Summary

Proud of CD’s good opinion of him. He worked in a merchant’s office in Germany for many years. Emigrated to Australia as a gold-digger and took up natural history after he was 30.

Author:  Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 169: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9044

To James Crichton-Browne   7 September [1873]

Summary

Thanks JC-B for volume of Asylum reports and paper on epilepsy. Seems clear from reports that physiology of brain will soon be largely understood.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  7 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 345
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9045

To W. W. Baxter   8 September [1873]

Summary

Requests chemicals for Drosera experiments. Lists 12 acids tried so far.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  8 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 6 (EH 88206058)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9046

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   9 September [1873]

Summary

Pleased JSBS has decided to work on Drosera; sends plants. Does not know whether thermo-electric pile could detect temperature change when leaves close.

CD’s experiment with very weak hydrochloric acid repeated with success: the plants digest albumen more quickly.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  9 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  University of British Columbia Library, Rare Books and Special Collections (Darwin - Burdon Sanderson letters RBSC-ARC-1731-1-14)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9047

To T. F. Cheeseman   9 September [1873]

Summary

Thanks TFC for his extremely interesting paper ["On the fertilisation of the New Zealand species of Pterostyles", Trans. & Proc. N. Z. Inst. 5 (1872): 352–7]. Has no doubt his explanation [of the fertilisation mechanism] is correct. The case is analogous to that of the Cypripedium though TFC’s case is much more curious.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Frederick Cheeseman
Date:  9 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  Auckland War Memorial Museum Library Tāmaki Paenga Hira (T. F. Cheeseman Papers MS-58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9048

From M. D. Conway   10 September [1873]

Summary

Comparative study of "ethnical scriptures" shows that natural selection has operated in the evolution of religion.

Author:  Moncure Daniel Conway
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 161: 220
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9049

From W. S. Wade   11 September 1873

Summary

Reports case of a man with an eyelid abnormality that apparently was acquired in infancy but was inherited by his children.

Author:  William Swift Wade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 181: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9050

To M. D. Conway   12 September [1873]

Summary

Thanks for strange debate, which CD returns. Principle of evolution has first-rate supporters in [Edward Sylvester?] Morse and Theodore Nicholas Gill.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Moncure Daniel Conway
Date:  12 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9051
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