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To Nature   [before 3 April 1873]

Summary

Comments on article ["Perception and instinct in lower animals", Nature 7 (1871): 377–8].

Explains his contention that "many of the most wonderful instincts have been acquired, independently of habit, through the preservation of useful variations of pre-existing instincts". Cites examples: sterile workers of several species of social insects have acquired different instincts; movements of tumbler pigeons. Speculates that "many instincts have originated from modification or variations in the brain".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 3 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 3 April 1873, pp. 417–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8838

To Nature   [before 3 April 1873]

Summary

"The following fact with respect to the habits of ants, which I believe to be quite new, has been sent to me by a distinguished geologist, Mr J. D. Hague [see 8788]; and it appears well worth publishing."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 3 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 10 April 1873, pp. 443–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8853

To ?   28 April 1873

Summary

"I was born in the town of Shrewsbury Feb. 12, 1809."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  28 Apr 1873
Classmark:  Swann Galleries (dealer) (26 April 1984)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8888A

To John Tyndall   25 April [1873]

Summary

Sends Huxley’s "charming letter". Asks whether it should be sent to Lady Millicent Jones. CD is "so happy about the whole affair".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  25 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 16 (EH 88205954)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8877

To John Tyndall   25 April [1873]

Summary

Sends another copy [of Huxley’s letter of thanks for holiday fund].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  25 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 17 (EH 88205955)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8878

To John Tyndall   25 April 1873

Summary

It has just occurred to CD that he ought not to leave a copy of Huxley’s confidential letter in the hands of anyone. Asks JT to write to ask recipients to return the copies to CD at Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  25 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 18 (EH 88205956)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8879

From J. D. Hooker   25 April 1873

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Summary

Charmed by Huxley’s letter of appreciation [8873].

Lady Lyell’s sudden death.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 155–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8880

To J. D. Hague   25 April [1873]

Summary

Encloses note from J. T. Moggridge commenting on JDH’s letter ["Perception in ants", Nature 7 (1873): 443–4].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Duncan Hague
Date:  25 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 395
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8881

From T. H. Huxley   26 April 1873

Summary

Concern for Lady Lyell;

will clear away work and set off for holiday in June.

Sends Critiques and addresses.

A life of J. D. Forbes [by J. C. Shairp, P. J. Tait, and A. A. Reilly (1873)] suggests that THH and Tyndall conspired to keep JDF from getting the Copley Medal. THH feels obliged to correct this.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 104: 223–24a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8882

From Herbert Spencer   26 April 1873

Summary

Wants to use CD’s support to put pressure on Michael Foster to enable Huxley to take an immediate holiday.

Author:  Herbert Spencer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 177: 232
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8883

From Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft   26 April 1873

Summary

Diploma.

Author:  Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 230: 45
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8883F

To Charles Lyell   [25 April 1873]

Summary

Offers condolences on the death of CL’s wife.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [25 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 167
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8884

To T. H. Farrer   28 April 1873

Summary

Recommends Hermann Müller’s Die Befruchtung der Blumen [1873].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  28 Apr 1873
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/19)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8885

To George Cupples   28 April [1873]

Summary

Asks whether GC knows who gave CD a scolding in last Edinburgh Review [Apr 1873].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Cupples
Date:  28 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  John Hay Library, Brown University (Albert E. Lownes Manuscript Collection, MS. 84.2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8886

To T. H. Huxley   28 April 1873

Summary

Lady Lyell’s death.

Sends names of donors of gift to THH.

The Edinburgh Review has a critical article against CD, THH, Tyndall, and H. Spencer [see 8935]. Thinks Forbes reference not worth answering.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  28 Apr 1873
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 299)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8887

From Emil Buck   28 April 1873

Summary

Announces that CD has been elected Corresponding Member of the Senckenbergische Naturforschende Gesellschaft.

Author:  Emil Buck
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 177: 142
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8888

To Samuel Butler   1 April [1873]

Summary

Comments on SB’s book [The fair haven (1873)]. CD is struck by SB’s dramatic power – thinks he could write "a really good novel". Surprised at strength of case SB makes that Jesus did not die on the cross. SB’s identity will soon be universally known: Leslie Stephen knows he is the author.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Butler
Date:  1 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 34486 D: 60–1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8835

From William Main   2 April 1873

Summary

Having now read Expression, WM repeats his criticism of "antithesis". Explains his theory of up-and-down-tending lines.

Author:  William Main
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8836

To N. D. Doedes   2 April 1873

Summary

The impossibility of conceiving that the universe arose through chance is the chief argument for the existence of God, but CD has never been able to decide whether this is an argument of real value. Safest to believe that the subject is beyond man’s intellect, "but man can do his duty".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nicolaas Dirk Doedes
Date:  2 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 139.12: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8837

To G. H. Darwin   [3 April 1873]

Summary

Anxious to have GHD come home because of his poor health. Recommends Huxley’s physician (Andrew Clark) – an advocate of milk diet.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [3 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8839
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