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To E. B. Tylor   2 October [1871]


CD advises publishing a short version of Primitive culture [1871] for the general reader.

Would like to see EBT, but his health has been bad and conversation is extremely tiring.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Burnett Tylor
Date:  2 Oct [1871]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 50524: 44–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7982

To Albert Günther   3 October [1871]


Thanks AG for answer about Galaxias.

Asks him to mention questions about the ears of Mus to other naturalists.

Will send another copy of Chauncey Wright’s pamphlet [Darwinism (1871)].

AG has proved Ceratodus to be a "wonderfully interesting creature" ["Descripton of Ceratodus", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 161 (1871): 511–72].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Date:  3 Oct [1871]
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School, Taylor Library (15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7983

To J. D. Hooker   4 October [1871]


Sorry to hear of JDH’s troubles;

pleased he thinks so highly of Huxley’s article [see 7977].

Huxley makes CD feel infantile in intellect (as JDH once said of himself). CD is not so good a Christian as JDH thinks, for he did enjoy his revenge on Mivart.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Oct [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 207–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7984

From J. L. A. Hope   4 October 1871



Anecdote about a gathering of kangaroos.

Author:  James Louis Alexander Hope
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 88: 112–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7985

From St G. J. Mivart   4 October 1871


Thanks for Chauncey Wright’s article. Admits it is clever, but hardly expected CD to think it a serious defence of his position.

Author:  St George Jackson Mivart
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 171: 196
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7986

To T. H. Huxley   5 October [1871]


Hooker admires THH’s review of Mivart [see 7977]. Most impressed by THH’s handling of metaphysics.

Hooker’s problems: family health and A. S. Ayrton [Commissioner of Works].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  5 Oct [1871]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 287)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7987

To John Murray   6 October [1871]


Has finished seven chapters of revision of Origin [6th ed.] despite poor health. Asks JM’s opinion on a glossary of scientific terms. Encloses text for advertisement.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  6 Oct [1871]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 228–31)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7988

From H. B. Dobell   6 October 1871


Asks CD’s opinion of his suggestion that a distinctive mark of species may be the duration of pregnancy, incubation, or germination.

Author:  Horace Benge Dobell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 162: 191
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7989

From T. N. Gill   6 October 1871


Sends some articles on mammals [possibly "On the relations of the orders of mammals", Proc. Am. Assoc. Adv. Sci. 19 (1870): 267–70, and "On the characteristics of the primary groups of the class of mammals", ibid. 20 (1871): 284–306].

He is a disciple, convinced of CD’s theory of evolution and of natural selection.

In the U. S. almost all refuse to recognize natural selection.

Author:  Theodore Nicholas Gill
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 165: 46
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7990

From J. V. Carus   7 October 1871


Publisher would like to produce a translation of Expression. JVC offers to translate it.

Sends passage from Albertus Magnus on colour of horses.

Offers explanation of white colour of sea-birds.

Schweizerbart is now reprinting Descent, nearly all the first 3000 copies having been sold;

new editions of Origin

and of Variation are also planned.

Possibility of a new German translation of Journal of researches.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 161: 80, DAR 161: 81/2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7991

To H. B. Dobell   7 October [1871]


"I should expect that the period of gestation will differ very little in the individuals of the same species, as long as its conditions of life remained the same. But I doubt whether it is sure as an absolute criteria; for although little or nothing on this field can be known with respect to species in a state of nature, yet with races of the same species as with dogs and cattle, the period is known slightly to differ. In the generation of seeds from the same capsule there is often the most wonderful and inexplicable difference in the periods".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Horace Benge Dobell
Date:  7 Oct [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 221.5: 9 (photocopy)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7992

To Lawson Tait   8 October 1871


Does not know anything about a supra-condyloid process on the humerus, but would like to see RLT’s paper should he publish on the subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Date:  8 Oct 1871
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School, Taylor Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7993

To J. V. Carus   8 October [1871]


Glad to hear of new German edition of Origin. He is revising the English edition, adding a new chapter of "Answers".

No new edition of Descent has appeared.

Would be glad to see a new translation of the Journal of researches, which he revised in 1845.

Comments on white colour of sea-birds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  8 Oct [1871]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter LC 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 74–77)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7994

To T. H. Huxley   9 October [1871]


Asks whether THH has written on affinities of Eocene cetacean Zeuglodon. Wants to cite it in 6th ed. of Origin as in some slight degree an intermediate form, but does not know how far he may venture.

Has had more evidence of profound impression of Mivart’s book [Genesis of species].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  9 Oct [1871]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 289)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7995

From Hermann Müller   9 October 1871


Is preparing a work on fertilisation of flowers, and wants to add a list of works containing observations on cross-fertilisation of plants. Asks CD for any references he may have.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 171: 297
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7997

From J. K. Fowler   9 October 1871


Is preparing paper on breeding ["Breeding facts and principles", J. Farmers’ Club (1871): 45–53]. Seeks CD’s advice and assistance. Believes male parent influences external appearance and female the internal organisation.

Author:  John Kersley Fowler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 164: 169
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7998

To T. R. R. Stebbing   10 October [1871]


Doubts whether an experiment to test the durability of human bones would be worth while. Absence of such bones in post-glacial river-bed deposits does not weigh in the least on CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Roscoe Rede Stebbing
Date:  10 Oct [1871]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.404)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7999

From T. H. Huxley   10 October 1871


Answers CD on transitional forms. Has no doubt Zeuglodon is transitional form between Carnivora and Cetacea.

Met Mivart in Manchester. Some doubt that he was the author of Quarterly Review article.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 166: 326
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8000

From Osbert Salvin   10 October 1871


Encloses notes [missing] that he has made for CD on looking through his dried skins of American Anatidae.

Author:  Osbert Salvin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 177: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8001

From Chauncey Wright   11 October 1871


Thanks CD for copies of the pamphlet [Darwinism (1871)].

His memoir on phyllotaxy [Mem. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. n.s. 9 (1867–73): 379–415] will soon be printed.

Has met CD’s sons.

Author:  Chauncey Wright
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 181: 166
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8002
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