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To Nature   [before 27 April 1871]


Replies to Francis Galton’s paper on tranfusing blood between rabbits to test Pangenesis [Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 19 (1871): 393–40]. FG’s conclusion that his experiments prove Pangenesis to be false is "a little hasty", since CD had never maintained that gemmules in the blood formed any part of his hypothesis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 27 Apr 1871]
Classmark:  Nature, 27 April 1871, pp. 502–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7720

To ?   7 April [1871]


Asks correspondent to thank Thomas Laycock for his references. CD has been away from home and has not yet consulted his copy of Laycock’s Mind and brain [1860].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  7 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  R. M. Smythe (dealer) (November 1998)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6102A

From Arthur Nicols   15 April 1871


Objects to the negative reviews of Descent, notably in the Athenæum and the Times.

The exceptions are the Academy, Nature, and his own, in the Field [37 (1871): 210].

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 172: 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7687

To C. L. Balch   15 April 1871


Thanks for the report of CLB’s lecture about Descent to the New York Liberal Club on 3 March 1871.

Sends four photographs of himself for the sculptor J. W. A. MacDonald.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Leland Balch
Date:  15 Apr 1871
Classmark:  New York World, 8 May 1871
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7687F

From James Crichton-Browne   16 April 1871


Is sending notes on blushing. Offers information on physiology and pathology of blushing.

Has sent photograph of seven imbeciles in one family.

Author:  James Crichton-Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 161: 316, 195.1: 49
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7689

To J. N. Hoare   16 April [1871]


Thanks for the information about the passages in Xenophon and Horace.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Newenham Hoare
Date:  16 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  Stephen R. Marzilli (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7689F

To Michael Foster   16 April 1871


Encloses two questions he hopes MF can answer: the mechanism of transmission by nerves; and the mechanism by which contemplating part of our body, we become conscious of its existence

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Michael Foster
Date:  16 Apr 1871
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (General Special Collections DC AL 1/16); DAR 195.1: 11–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7689G

From Hugh Browne   17 April [1871]


Raises two points on CD’s view, in Descent [2: 229], on how aquatic birds acquire white plumage.

Also remarks on effect of will in certain human modifications,

on colour-blindness in his children,

and on ability to move his ears.

Author:  Hugh Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 331
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7690

From John Morley   17 April 1871



Gratified that CD approves his analysis of CD’s views of moral sense. Does not think there is a fundamental difference between J. S. Mill (Utilitarianism [1863], p. 45) and CD.

His view of those who object to CD’s "new doctrine of the moral sense".

Author:  John Morley, Viscount Morley of Blackburn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 88: 71–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7691

From Roland Trimen   17 and 18 April 1871


Man’s spiritual life separates him from other animals.

Why are moths attracted, often fatally, to lights?

Thanks for copy of Descent.

Author:  Roland Trimen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 and 18 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 178: 187
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7692

From E. R. Lankester   17 April [1871]



Has had Hinrich Nitsche’s pointed ear photographed. Nitsche also has photographed the ear of a foetal orang. [See Descent 1: 21–3.]

Author:  Edwin Ray Lankester
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 87: 39–40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7693

From Andrew Smith   17 April 1871



On Hottentots’ blushing.

Gives case of a baboon’s revenge. [See Descent, 2d ed. (1874), p. 69.]

Author:  Andrew Smith
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 87: 109–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7694

From Hermann Hoffmann   17 April 1871


Comments on Descent.

Reports a case of protective coloration of bugs on Tilia

and observations on frogs fighting [see Descent, 2d ed., pp. 281, 350].

Encloses drawings of chicken feet.

Author:  Karl Heinrich Hermann (Hermann) Hoffmann
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 166: 229
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7695

To Bartholomäus von Carneri   17 April [1871]


Thanks BvC for the present of his book, Sittlichkeit und Darwinismus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Bartholomäus von Carneri
Date:  17 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  Wienbibliothek im Rathaus, Handschriftensammlung (Kryptonachlass of von Carneri)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7695F

From Hinrich Nitsche   18 April 1871



Sends CD photographs of his atavistic ears and ears of a foetal orang in the collection of the Zoological Museum, Leipzig.

Author:  Hinrich Nitsche
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 87: 41–2, 45–6, 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7697

To James Crichton-Browne   18 April 1871


Comments on notes by JC-B on relation between blushing and mental disturbance. Asks for further information about blushing. "The single pencil line down this MS is my mark that I have used it once."

Thanks for "dreadful photo of the imbeciles".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  18 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 143: 339; DAR 185: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7698

From John Wood   19 April 1871


Movement of hair; action of occipito-frontalis muscle.

Author:  John Wood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 181: 142
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7699

From T. G. Cresy   19 April 1871


Thanks for contribution to fund for his brother’s widow.

Author:  Theodore Grant Cresy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 161: 252
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7700

From W. R. Greg   19 April [1871]


Thanks CD for thinking of his speculation.

Has made a note of the paper mentioned by CD.

Author:  William Rathbone Greg
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 225
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7701

To Hermann Hoffmann   20 April [1871]


Obliged for letter about dog.

Comments on HH’s article ["Zur Geschlechtsbestimmung", Bot. Ztg. 29 (1871): 81–9, 97–109].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Karl Heinrich Hermann (Hermann) Hoffmann
Date:  20 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 145: 133
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7702
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