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To Frederick Greenwood   24 March [1871]


Encloses a letter [7617] to be forwarded to the author of the review of Descent in Pall Mall Gazette.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederick Greenwood
Date:  24 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 409, ML 1: 324
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7621

To William Ogle   25 March [1871]


Asks WO to act out the sudden discovery of a dreadful object and to observe whether his platysma contracts. CD has found in his notes that it is never contracted in cases of severe dyspnoea [Expression, p. 301].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Ogle
Date:  25 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 261.5: 9 (EH 88205907)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7622

From G. B. A. Duchenne   25 March 1871


Gives CD permission to use photographs of expressions.

Author:  Guillaume Benjamin Amand Duchenne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 162: 243
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7623

From M. B. Bathoe   25 March [1871]



Anecdotal comments on various sections of Descent:

Red Indians erecting their ears;

reasoning in a pet antelope, stag deer, and mongoose;

use of foot as prehensile organ by carpenters in India.

Author:  Maria Burnley Bathoe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 87: 31–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7624

From Mary Charlton   25 March 1871


Thanks for £50 contribution to Edward Cresy’s memorial. £1000 collected so far for an annuity for Mrs Cresy.

Author:  Mary Charlton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 161: 135
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7625

To Francis Darwin   25 March [1871]


If FD gets the chance, will he observe whether the platysma contracts in a shivering fit? Wants much to know whether the platysma of frightened patients contracts before chloroform is given.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  25 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 271.3: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7626

From J. D. Hooker   26 March 1871



Answers CD’s questions.

Reception of Descent. Evolution accepted everywhere; descent of man accepted calmly.

Morocco plans.

Fears for Huxley, who is overworked.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 103: 65–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7627

From John Morley   26 March 1871


Thanks for CD’s letter on his review of Descent in the Pall Mall Gazette [21 Mar 1871].

Author:  John Morley, Viscount Morley of Blackburn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 171: 242
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7628

To A. D. Kindermann   [27 March 1871]


Wants permission to have some of AK’s photographs copied for Expression.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Adolph Diedrich Kindermann
Date:  [27 Mar 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7629

To J. D. Hooker   28 March [1871]


Sends Hibiscus

and enclosure [Queries about expression?] on chance of "any point being observed" in Morocco.

Murray informs him edition of Descent will probably be 6500 copies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 193–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7630

To William Ogle   28 [March 1871]


Thanks WO for his reply to letter of 26 March. Has tried several people and platysma seemed to act, but it is difficult to observe when they shudder.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Ogle
Date:  28 [Mar 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 261.5: 10 (EH 88205908)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7631

To William Turner   28 March [1871]


Discusses errors in Descent. Not surprised that WT is not committed to full acceptance of evolution of man.

At work on Expression. Asks about muscles that raise spines of hedgehog and tail coverts of peacock. Asks about influence of mind on capillaries with regard to blushing. Mentions views of James Paget on influence of the mind on nutrition of body parts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner
Date:  28 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  Edinburgh University Library, Centre for Research Collections (Dc.2.96/5/4a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7632

From Harrison Weir   28 March 1871


Effects of first impregnation on litters from subsequent pregnancies.

Power of selective breeding to produce different varieties.

Author:  Harrison William Weir
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 181: 72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7633

From F. C. Donders   28 March 1871


Answers to CD’s queries will take time. CD may not be aware of the influence of accommodation on the diameter of the pupil of the eye. Parrots, for example, contract or dilate the pupil independently of amount of light [see Expression, p. 304]. Sends his book on the subject [On the anomalies of accommodation and refraction of the eye (1864)].

Author:  Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 162: 228
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7634

To James Crichton-Browne   28 March [1871]


Asks whether capillary circulation is ever influenced by the mind’s being directed intently to any part of the body.

Has JC-B ever seen idiots blush? JC-B’s MS on blushing is capital.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  28 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 335
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7635

From William Turner   [after 28 March 1871]



Note on errata in first volume of Descent.

Author:  William Turner
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 28 Mar 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 88: 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7637

To William Turner   29 March [1871]


Comments on influence of nervous system on nutrition of body parts as discussed in James Paget’s Lectures on surgical pathology [delivered at the Royal College of Surgeons of England, 3d ed. (1870)]. Asks about mental influence on capillary circulation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner
Date:  29 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  Edinburgh University Library, Centre for Research Collections (Dc.2.96.5/5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7638

To Erasmus Wilson   29 March [1871]


Wonders whether correspondent might possibly know of any cases in which intense concentration of the mind on one portion of the skin produces dilation of the capillary vessels and hence reddening of the area.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William James Erasmus (Erasmus) Wilson
Date:  29 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 99
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7639

To G. B. A. Duchenne   29 March [1871]


Thanks GBAD for permission to use his photographs [see 7623] and for the information on the expression of astonishment in monkeys.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Guillaume Benjamin Amand Duchenne
Date:  29 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 109–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7640

From P. B. Mason   29 March 1871



More details on children with hairy backs;

reasons for greater mortality rate of male children.

Author:  Philip Brookes Mason
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 90: 72–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7641
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