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To Athenæum   1 January 1867


Expresses his support for new books being sold with the pages cut.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  1 Jan 1867
Classmark:  Athenæum, 5 January 1867, pp. 18–19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5343F

From F. J. Wedgwood   [1867–72]


Extract from Seneca’s letters establishes that hiding the face in shame was not a classical gesture.

Author:  Frances Julia (Snow) Wedgwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1867–72]
Classmark:  DAR 195.1: 53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7062

To [A. J. Woodhouse?]   25 January [1867?]


Two queries on teeth: 1. Is there evidence of inherited peculiarities in milk teeth?

2. Are male incisors longer than female?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred James Woodhouse
Date:  25 Jan [1867?]
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 14 (EH 88206066)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13645

From S. E. Wedgwood   [1867–72?]


Jessie [Wedgwood] says driving in sun made one of her eyes water.

Author:  Sarah Elizabeth (Elizabeth) Wedgwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1867–72?]
Classmark:  DAR 195.4: 104
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13856

From John William Salter   4 January [1867]


Thanks CD for his kindness and hopes one day to return it.

Finds more and more observations fall in with CD’s theory but still finds it difficult to account for the sudden leaps in the fossil record and to explain why some organisms first appear as such high forms.

Author:  John William Salter
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4969

To Charles Henry Middleton   20 [1867?]


Sorry he cannot remember where S. Filippe [San Felipe?] is.

Doubts that bones of ox, sheep, and horse could have been deposited in guano [on coast of Chile], but they would be worth examination.

[Tipped in copy of Origin (1866) with CHM’s bookplate.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Henry Middleton
Date:  20 [Jan-Dec] 1867
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (in Middleton’s copy of Origin 4th ed., BB.5.6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5341

From Thomas Henry Huxley   [before 7 January 1867]


On Haeckel’s Generelle Morphologie; the logical argument for natural selection is still incomplete. THH jumps over the hole by an act of faith.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 7 Jan 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 134a–d
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5343

From Fritz Müller   1 January 1867


Describes his experiments in fertilising Oncidium flexuosum and comparison with Notylia.

Has been examining Catasetum.

Encloses seeds of two species of Gesneria and describes hairs in the seed capsule. Hairs in other plants seem to have a different function.

Starting tomorrow for a botanical excursion on the Continent.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1867
Classmark:  Möller ed. 1915–21, 2: 104–9; DAR 157a: 104
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5344A

From John Murray   2 January [1867]


William Clowes [printer for J. Murray] estimates that Variation will come to a first volume of 648 pages and a second volume of 624 pages – which is too much for volumes the same size as Origin. Murray proposes a larger size.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 342
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5345

To John Murray   3 January [1867]


Sorry about enormous size of Variation MS, but cannot shorten it now. If JM is afraid to publish, CD will consider agreement cancelled. Suggests he ask someone with judgment to read the MS. Has written concluding chapter on man. Whether it will be included depends on size of volume.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  3 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 158–160)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5346

To William Bernhard Tegetmeier   6 January [1867]


Returns some of WBT’s skulls.

His MS is with printer, but book [Variation] will probably not be out until November.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  6 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5347

To T. H. Huxley   7 January [1867]


Gives up plan to have Haeckel’s Generelle morphologie translated.

His big book [Variation] has gone to printer. Thinks of adding a chapter on man.

Will order Duke of Argyll’s book [Reign of law (1867)].

"Nature never made species mutually sterile [by selection]; nor will man.–"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  7 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 233)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5348

To Ernst Haeckel   8 January 1867


Comments on EH’s "great work" [Generelle Morphologie].

An English translation "hopeless".

Asks about EH’s expedition.

MS of Variation sent to printers.

Fritz Müller working on plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  8 Jan 1867
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1-52/12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5349

To John Murray   8 January [1867]


CD annoyed at large size of Variation. Suggests printing detailed parts in small type. JM can, of course, decline to publish altogether.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  8 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 155–157)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5350

To Joseph Dalton Hooker   9 January [1867]


Criticisms and comments on JDH’s "Insular floras" in Gardeners’ Chronicle [(1867): 6].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 3–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5353

From John Murray   9 January [1867]


CD should not be discouraged by the bulk of Variation. CD’s suggestion to print technical details in small type is good.

Murray has sent MS to a "man of letters and good information" as an experiment to test its effect. Has no intention of throwing up publication.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 343
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5354

From James Philip Mansel Weale   9 January 1867



Sends paper on new species of Bonatea, to which he has given the name Darwinii.

Has now an extensive collection of insects.

Has discovered moths whose larva cases resemble perfectly the thorns of the Acacia horrida.

Has asked for the head of a Bushman murderer. Difficult to convince authorities of interest of science.

Author:  James Philip Mansel Weale
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Jan 1867
Classmark:  DAR 82: A113–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5355

To John Murray   10 January [1867]


Relieved by JM’s note and by his agreement on type size. Is alarmed by what the verdict [on Variation] of JM’s friend will be. He is not a man of science. An unscientific reader would have condemned the Origin. An eminent semi-scientific man thought the Journal of researches not worth publishing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  10 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 166)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5356

From Bartholomew James Sulivan   11 January 1867


Has given CD’s queries about expression to W. H. Stirling. Thomas Bridges, the catechist, had previously answered some questions incompletely [see 2643]; BJS forwards them [see Expression].

BJS answers CD’s query about when some calves show their adult colour.

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Jan 1867
Classmark:  DAR 177: 288
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5357

From J. D. Hooker   [12 January 1867]



Responds to CD’s criticisms. JDH is sometimes confused as to what he has borrowed from CD.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Jan 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 131–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5358
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