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To Gardeners’ Chronicle   [before 15 August 1863]

Summary

Reports on the appearance, in a gravel walk near his house, of an orchid, Epipactis latifolia, never seen in his neighbourhood before. Asks whether a seed could have been blown from a distance and germinated during a season when the walk was neglected.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [before 15 Aug 1863]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 15 August 1863, p. 773
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4269

To Thomas Rivers   17 August [1863]

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Summary

The almond-tree TR gave him produced no fruit, but the Chinese double peach has three. Asks for ripe almond fruits and any odd peaches, to compare the stones.

Asks about modification in fruit or foliage in any fruit-trees from being grafted,

and about seedlings of pears and wheat said to have been found in hedges and woods.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Rivers
Date:  17 Aug [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4270

From W. E. Darwin   21 August [1863]

Summary

Has signed and forwarded some orders.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Aug [1863?]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4271

From John Goodsir   21 August [1863]

Summary

Agrees to examine a slide preparation of fluid [from CD’s vomit] to determine presence of Sarcina as a possible cause of his stomach ailment. Sends some authoritative references on it. Warns CD that Sarcina has been found in healthy stomachs.

Author:  John Goodsir
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Aug [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 73
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4272

From Hugh Falconer   24 August [1863]

Summary

Sends information about Pliocene fauna of the "Forest Bed" of the Norfolk coast.

A genus described as extinct by Owen is found by E. A. I. H. Lartet to exist in Russia.

Edouard Suess attributes to Oswald Heer and HF the generalisation "That the time during which a new species is formed, is (as a rule) very short in comparison with the time during which it persistently presents the same peculiar specific characters". [Edouard Suess, "Über die Verschiedenheit und die Aufeinanderfolge der tertiären Landfaunen in der Niederung von Wien", Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien (Math-naturw. Klasse) 47 (1863): 306–31.] [See 4277.]

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Aug [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4273A

To J. D. Hooker   25 [August 1863]

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Summary

CD’s illness: he is vomiting "vegetable" cells.

Dutrochet has published the best of CD’s observations on tendrils [see Climbing plants, p. 1 n.].

Lyell has found Joshua Trimmer’s Arctic shells on Moel Tryfan.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 [Aug 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 204
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4274

From J. D. Hooker   26 August 1863

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Summary

JDH working on the New Zealand flora.

Jules Planchon excited about CD’s Linum experiments.

T. F. Jamieson’s paper on glaciers gives great pleasure.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Aug 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 157–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4275

From J. D. Hooker   [27 August 1863]

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Summary

Suggests CD consult George Busk about his stomach.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [27 Aug 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4276

To Hugh Falconer   [25–6 August 1863]

Summary

Thanks for information about Pliocene mammal. Interested in relating process of formation to duration of the species. Oswald Heer’s view that species suddenly formed surely false.

Bad summer with much sickness. Going to Malvern [for water-cure] for a month.

Muddled over phyllotaxy and made out nothing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  [25–6 Aug 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4277

From John Goodsir   27 August [1863]

Summary

Has found no Sarcina on the slides of fluid [see 4272] and nothing referable to the food. Will repeat examination if vomiting recurs.

Author:  John Goodsir
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Aug [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 74
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4278

To Roland Trimen   27 August [1863]

Summary

Discusses methods of pollination in orchids.

Thinks RT should investigate Physianthus to see if it requires insect aid for fertilisation as the Asclepiadaceae do.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Roland Trimen
Date:  27 Aug [1863]
Classmark:  Royal Entomological Society (Trimen papers, box 21: 57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4279

To [Gardeners’ Chronicle]   [after 27 August 1863]

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Summary

[Roland] Trimen of the Cape of Good Hope sends evidence that a moth [Achaea chamaeleon] is capable of perforating the skin of a peach with its delicate proboscis. Have any readers observed moths or butterflies sucking any fruit of which the skin was not previously broken?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [after 27 Aug 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 70: 172
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4279F

To J. D. Hooker   [28 August 1863]

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Summary

Admits, at last, that New Zealand must have been connected to some continent, but not Australia.

Climbing plants: asks for more plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [28 Aug 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 205
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4280

From John Goodsir   28 August [1863]

Summary

The phial of fluid sent by CD is acid. Sends his microscopical examination.

Author:  John Goodsir
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Aug [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4281

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   [before 29 Aug 1863]

Summary

On the cruelty of setting steel traps to catch vermin. Requests suggestions for putting an end to the practice. [This item is mentioned in Correspondence 11: 781 n.6. (Appendix IX)]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [before 29 Aug 1863]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle, 29 August 1863, pp. 821–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4282

From John Brodie Innes   29 August [1863]

Summary

Duke of Argyll has been dubbed "Duke Darwinii" by papers.

Large number of toads have been found in railway cuttings; wishes a scientific observer had taken pains to explain where they came from.

Comments on Scottish schools and on the morals of the adult poor.

Author:  John Brodie Innes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Aug [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 167: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4283

From Hugh Falconer   29 August 1863

Summary

HF will send E. Suess’s paper [Edouard Suess, "Über die Verschiedenheit und die Aufeinanderfolge der tertiären Landfaunen in der Niederung von Wien", Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien (Math–nat. Klasse) 47 (1863): 306–31] which deals directly with natural selection.

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Aug 1863
Classmark:  DAR 164: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4284

To John Price   [8 September – 13 October 1863]

Summary

Comments on JP’s work [Old Price’s remains (1863–4)].

Anglo-American relations. Progress of the Civil War.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Price
Date:  [8 Sept – 13 Oct 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 273
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4286

To J. B. Innes   1 September [1863]

Summary

Family and local news, and memories of old times.

CD’s youngest son, Horace, is too delicate to go to school.

CD has had a bad summer, is still ill, can do very little work – "Botany … is all that I am good for".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Brodie Innes
Date:  1 Sept [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4287

From Asa Gray   1 September 1863

Summary

Sees difficulties in adhering to the concept of design in nature.

Is surprised at Hooker’s and Daniel Oliver’s ignorance regarding spontaneous movements of tendrils.

CD should continue his work on climbing plants, "it will be fruitful in your hands".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Sept 1863
Classmark:  DAR 157.2: 108; DAR 165: 139, 140
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4288
Document type
letter (497)
Correspondent
Date
1863
01 (70)
02 (73)
03 (59)
04 (64)
05 (76)
06 (34)
07 (37)
08 (29)
09 (24)
10 (8)
11 (17)
12 (6)
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