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From Henry Farncombe Billinghurst   [21 July 1863 – August 1870?]



Acknowledges the receipt of some signed transfers.

Author:  Henry Farncombe Billinghurst
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [21 July 1863 – Aug 1870?]
Classmark:  DAR 80: B18v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5765

From Daniel Oliver   17 February 1863


DO thinks an essay [Alexander Braun’s "Rejuvenescence", Ray Society (1853)] is not worth reading with respect to some difficulty concerning phyllotaxy.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Feb 1863
Classmark:  DAR 173: 20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8770

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   2 July [1863]


Asks M. J. Berkeley to identify the microscopical spherical bodies CD found in drops of yellowish rain-water that fell on his garden in a brief shower.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  2 July [1863]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 18 July 1863, p. 675
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4230

To T. H. Huxley   3 July [1863]


Will be obliged if Flower examines specimens. States questions he wants answered.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  3 July [1863]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 229)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4232

From W. B. Tegetmeier   29 June – 7 July 1863


Progress of pigeon and poultry breeding experiments. No loss of fertility observed yet.

Blue-eyed cats and deafness.

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 June – 7 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 178: 58
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4233

From Asa Gray   7 July 1863


Has extracted CD’s Linum paper [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 36 (1863): 279–84].

Elaborate co-adaptations of orchids and insects demonstrate against "chance blows", whether few, as Oswald Heer would have, or many and slight as CD proposes.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 127, 137
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4234

From L. E. Becker   8 July [1863]


Sends seeds of female Lychnis diurna; has found none in hermaphrodites.

On variation, hybridity, and inheritance of parasites in this plant.

Author:  Lydia Ernestine Becker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 July [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 110
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4235

From George Sigerson   8 July 1863


Discusses leaf form and phyllotaxy; clarifies a part of his paper ["On a protomorphic phyllotype", Atlantis (1863)].

Author:  George Sigerson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 177: 162
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4236

To William Forsell Kirby   9 July [1863]


CD is particularly struck by WFK’s observations on Corsican and N. American subspecies in his paper ["On the geographical distribution of European Rhopalocera", Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 3d ser. 1 (1862–3): [!?bib has 1862–4] 481–92]. Thinks it would be interesting for WFK to examine specimens from the Shetland Islands, for even faint trace of differentiation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Forsell Kirby
Date:  9 July [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4237

To W. B. Tegetmeier   9 July [1863]


WBT progressing with breeding experiments for CD.

CD making quicker progress with Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  9 July [1863]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4238

From P. H. Gosse   13 July 1863


On CD’s request to observe bee Ophrys: PHG’s son collected 16 plants – of the 32 flowers, two had lost both pollinia, two had lost one each. He himself found two plants with pollinia adhering to the stigma.

Author:  Philip Henry Gosse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4240

To J. D. Hooker   14 July [1863]



Requests tendril-bearing plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 July [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 200
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4241

From Friedrich Hildebrand   16 July 1863


He and L. C. Treviranus have repeated many of CD’s orchid observations with the same results. Sends his paper ["Fruchtbildung der Orchideen", Bot. Ztg. 21 (1863): 329–33, 337–45].

Author:  Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) Hildebrand
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 166: 200
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4242

From Roland Trimen   16, 17, and 19 July 1863


Thanks CD for two letters and his portrait.

CD’s book [Orchids] opened up terra incognita for him.

His work on S. African butterflies continues.

Reports on a moth that punctures peach skins.

Interesting that thoughtful naturalists are forced to admit mutability of species.

Some notes on Oxalis.

Author:  Roland Trimen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16, 17 and 19 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 99: 13–16d
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4243

To Daniel Oliver   18 July [1863]


Sends F. Hildebrand’s paper for publication by the Linnean Society or in Natural History Review.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  18 July [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 51 (EH 88206034)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4244

To Julius von Haast   18 July [1863]


Acknowledges receipt of JvH’s letters and report of his expedition. Congratulates him on its success.

Has sent Origin.

There is hardly a place in the world as interesting as New Zealand with respect to geographical distribution.

Will quote the case of the ducks that nest in trees.

Is working hard on Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Francis Julius (Julius) von Haast
Date:  18 July [1863]
Classmark:  Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand (Haast family papers, MS-Papers-0037-051-3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4245

To J. J. Aubertin   19 July 1863


Discusses geology of Brazil.

Asks for Brazilian stamps for his son.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John James Aubertin
Date:  19 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 143: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4246

From Daniel Oliver   20 July 1863


Hildebrand’s paper is unsuitable for the Natural History Review.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 173: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4247

From Asa Gray   21 July 1863


Gives some observations on Drosera.

Comments on Richard Owen’s "transmutation theory" in his aye-aye paper [Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond. 5 (1866): 33–101].

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 128, 138
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4248

From Julius von Haast   21 July [– 7? August] 1863


In a forthcoming paper JvH will show geological age of the world to be "incalculable" and will confirm CD’s theory that "the old system of chronological sequence of formations all over the world must be abandoned in a great degree".

Predicts the links between species, genera, and classes will be found.

CD elected an Honorary Member [of Philosophical Institute of Canterbury].

Author:  John Francis Julius (Julius) von Haast
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July [– 7? Aug] 1863
Classmark:  DAR 166: 4, 6; Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL (G304)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4249
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