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To W. B. Tegetmeier   9 July [1863]


WBT progressing with breeding experiments for CD.

CD making quicker progress with Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  9 July [1863]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4238

From P. H. Gosse   13 July 1863


On CD’s request to observe bee Ophrys: PHG’s son collected 16 plants – of the 32 flowers, two had lost both pollinia, two had lost one each. He himself found two plants with pollinia adhering to the stigma.

Author:  Philip Henry Gosse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4240

To J. D. Hooker   14 July [1863]



Requests tendril-bearing plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 July [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 200
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4241

From Friedrich Hildebrand   16 July 1863


He and L. C. Treviranus have repeated many of CD’s orchid observations with the same results. Sends his paper ["Fruchtbildung der Orchideen", Bot. Ztg. 21 (1863): 329–33, 337–45].

Author:  Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) Hildebrand
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 166: 200
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4242

From Roland Trimen   16, 17, and 19 July 1863


Thanks CD for two letters and his portrait.

CD’s book [Orchids] opened up terra incognita for him.

His work on S. African butterflies continues.

Reports on a moth that punctures peach skins.

Interesting that thoughtful naturalists are forced to admit mutability of species.

Some notes on Oxalis.

Author:  Roland Trimen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16, 17 and 19 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 99: 13–16d
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4243

To Daniel Oliver   18 July [1863]


Sends F. Hildebrand’s paper for publication by the Linnean Society or in Natural History Review.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  18 July [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 51 (EH 88206034)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4244

To Julius von Haast   18 July [1863]


Acknowledges receipt of JvH’s letters and report of his expedition. Congratulates him on its success.

Has sent Origin.

There is hardly a place in the world as interesting as New Zealand with respect to geographical distribution.

Will quote the case of the ducks that nest in trees.

Is working hard on Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Francis Julius (Julius) von Haast
Date:  18 July [1863]
Classmark:  Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand (Haast family papers, MS-Papers-0037-051-3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4245

To J. J. Aubertin   19 July 1863


Discusses geology of Brazil.

Asks for Brazilian stamps for his son.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John James Aubertin
Date:  19 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 143: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4246

From Daniel Oliver   20 July 1863


Hildebrand’s paper is unsuitable for the Natural History Review.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 173: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4247

From Asa Gray   21 July 1863


Gives some observations on Drosera.

Comments on Richard Owen’s "transmutation theory" in his aye-aye paper [Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond. 5 (1866): 33–101].

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 128, 138
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4248

From Julius von Haast   21 July [– 7? August] 1863


In a forthcoming paper JvH will show geological age of the world to be "incalculable" and will confirm CD’s theory that "the old system of chronological sequence of formations all over the world must be abandoned in a great degree".

Predicts the links between species, genera, and classes will be found.

CD elected an Honorary Member [of Philosophical Institute of Canterbury].

Author:  John Francis Julius (Julius) von Haast
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July [– 7? Aug] 1863
Classmark:  DAR 166: 4, 6; Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL (G304)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4249

To J. D. Hooker   22 July [1863]



Differences between tendrils derived from leaves and those derived from branches.

CD on Asa Gray’s attitude on the Civil War.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 July [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 199
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4250

From W. E. Darwin   23 July [1863]


Could not find Anchusa but will go out and find some.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 July [1863]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 18)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4251F

From John Scott   23 July [1863]


Discusses heterostyly in Hottonia.

Criticises L. C. Treviranus’ statements on Primula longiflora’s having short-styled form.

Describes his results with crossing different coloured primroses. Will let CD, when he reads his paper, decide whether his finding white and red varieties perfectly sterile when crossed, yet fertile inter se, ought to be published.

Difficulty in getting his orchid paper published in Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 July [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4252

To John Scott   25 [July 1863]


Encourages JS to continue work on coloured primrose. No one has noticed this since Gärtner. CD will send his own data for JS’s use and will read MS when ready. Advises JS to repeat experiments if evidence is weak – for his reputation’s sake and for satisfaction at fully establishing a fact.

Treviranus made a slip of pen in writing of Primula longiflora as short-styled.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  25 [July 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B45–6, B69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4253

To J. D. Hooker   26 [July 1863]



Asa Gray writes as if Civil War were a holy war.

J. E. Renan on Jesus [Vie de Jésus (1863)].

Literature on tendrils of Cucurbita is contradictory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 [July 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 203
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4254

To Friedrich Hildebrand   28 July [1863]


Comments on FH’s paper ["Fruchtbildung der Orchideen", Bot. Ztg. 21 (1863): 329–33, 337–45]. Annals and Magazine of Natural History will publish it in September [3d ser. 12 (1863): 169–74].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) Hildebrand
Date:  28 July [1863]
Classmark:  Courtesy of Eilo Hildebrand (photocopy) (Original, previously owned by Klaus Groove, sold by Venator and Hanstein, Cologne (dealers), 16 March 2018.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4255

To G. H. K. Thwaites   29 July [1863]


Thanks GHKT for Limnanthemum seed.

Comments on his view of algal reproduction.

Discusses flower of Cassia.

Sends photograph of himself.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Henry Kendrick Thwaites
Date:  29 July [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.295)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4256

From Robert Swinhoe   29 July 1863



Describes the similarity in plumage changes between Japanese and Chinese birds on the one hand and British and continental birds on the other. Suggests the changes are due to the warm gulf streams around both islands.

Author:  Robert Swinhoe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 47: 176–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4257

From L. E. Becker   31 July [1863]


Has found seeds produced by an hermaphroditic Lychnis and will send them. On structural obstacles to fertilisation of hermaphrodite Lychnis.

Author:  Lydia Ernestine Becker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 July [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4258
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