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To J. D. Hooker   23 [June 1863]

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Summary

Herbert Spencer’s work disappointing – "all words & generalities".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 [June 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 196
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4218

From Jacques Boucher de Perthes    23 June 1863

Summary

Sends his tranformist book [De la création: essai sur l’origine et la progression des êtres, 5 vols. (1838–41)]; his admiration for CD’s work.

Author:  Jacques Boucher de Crèvecoeur de Perthes (Jacques Boucher de Perthes)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 June 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 257
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4219

To Charles Loring Brace   24 June [1863]

Summary

Discussion of, and thanks for, CLB’s new work, Races of the Old World [1863]. Special interest in p. 388 on colour and constitution; CD mentions questions sent previous year to surgeons serving in tropical countries regarding diseases and colour of hair and skin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Loring Brace
Date:  24 June [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.310)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4220

To J. D. Hooker   25 [June 1863]

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Summary

CD describes first observation of gyratory motion of tendrils: explains its adaptive function is to find objects to hold on to.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 [June 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 197
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4221

To Asa Gray   26 June [1863]

Summary

Thanks AG for references about phyllotaxy

and information on marriage laws.

Has been looking for dimorphism in Phlox and Euonymus.

Has observed the irritability of tendrils of Echinocystis with great interest. Was also struck by the rotating movements of the leading shoots, which he proposes to investigate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  26 June [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (82)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4222

From W. E. Darwin   27 June [1863?]

Summary

Spoke to Rosas, and gave him CD’s paper.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 June [1863?]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 17)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4222F

To T. H. Huxley   27 June [1863]

Summary

Has caught a frog and examined its possibly rudimentary toe. Asks THH if he will dissect it.

Has heard THH is abused in Edinburgh Review and in Anthropological Review [reviews of Man’s place in nature, Edinburgh Rev. 117 (1863): 541–69 and Anthrop. Rev. 1 (1863): 107–17].

Owen on heterogeny and the aye-aye.

Has been very ill.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  27 June [1863]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 225)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4223

From J. D. Hooker   [2]9 June 1863

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Summary

JDH and Oliver impressed with CD’s observations on gyratory motion of plants.

CD pleased with Bentham’s Linnean Society address on the reception of Darwinism [J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. 7 (1863): xi–xxix].

JDH’s social "dogma": "Brains x Beauty = Breeding + wealth".

[Dated 9 June by JDH.]

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2]9 June 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 147–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4224

From J. D. Hooker   [21 July 1863]

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Summary

Encourages CD to continue observations on tendrils.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [21 July 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 152–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4225

From J. D. Hooker   [31 July 1863]

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Summary

Sends "tendrilliferous" plants.

Plans visit to Down.

Naudin’s paper on tendrils [Ann. Sci. Nat. (Bot.) 4th ser. 9 (1863): 180–203].

T. V. Wollaston snubs Bates’s work.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [31 July 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 154–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4226

To J. D. Hooker   1 July [1863]

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Summary

Describes experiments on rotation of tendrils and shoots.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 July [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 198
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4227

From T. H. Huxley   2 July 1863

Summary

Too busy to examine specimen. Will ask W. H. Flower to do it. Long catalogue of what keeps him busy and concerned.

C. Carter Blake, "a jackal of Owen’s", is the reviewer in Edinburgh Review and Anthropological Review [see 4223]. Has sent back his diploma of Hon. Fellowship to Anthropological Society.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 166: 298
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4228

To John Scott   2 July [1863]

Summary

CD’s great interest in JS’s work on fertility of Primula crosses.

Thanks for Passiflora trials.

"By no means modify even in slightest degree any result."

CD wishes he had counted rather than weighed Primula seeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  2 July [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B79; Linnean Society of London (Quentin Keynes collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4229

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   2 July [1863]

Summary

Asks M. J. Berkeley to identify the microscopical spherical bodies CD found in drops of yellowish rain-water that fell on his garden in a brief shower.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  2 July [1863]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 18 July 1863, p. 675
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4230

To T. H. Huxley   3 July [1863]

Summary

Will be obliged if Flower examines specimens. States questions he wants answered.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  3 July [1863]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 229)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4232

From W. B. Tegetmeier   29 June – 7 July 1863

Summary

Progress of pigeon and poultry breeding experiments. No loss of fertility observed yet.

Blue-eyed cats and deafness.

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 June – 7 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 178: 58
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4233

From Asa Gray   7 July 1863

Summary

Has extracted CD’s Linum paper [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 36 (1863): 279–84].

Elaborate co-adaptations of orchids and insects demonstrate against "chance blows", whether few, as Oswald Heer would have, or many and slight as CD proposes.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 127, 137
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4234

From L. E. Becker   8 July [1863]

Summary

Sends seeds of female Lychnis diurna; has found none in hermaphrodites.

On variation, hybridity, and inheritance of parasites in this plant.

Author:  Lydia Ernestine Becker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 July [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 110
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4235

From George Sigerson   8 July 1863

Summary

Discusses leaf form and phyllotaxy; clarifies a part of his paper ["On a protomorphic phyllotype", Atlantis (1863)].

Author:  George Sigerson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 177: 162
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4236

To William Forsell Kirby   9 July [1863]

Summary

CD is particularly struck by WFK’s observations on Corsican and N. American subspecies in his paper ["On the geographical distribution of European Rhopalocera", Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 3d ser. 1 (1862–3): [!?bib has 1862–4] 481–92]. Thinks it would be interesting for WFK to examine specimens from the Shetland Islands, for even faint trace of differentiation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Forsell Kirby
Date:  9 July [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4237
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