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To P. H. Gosse   2 June [1863]


Can only conjecture that the problem occurs because the plant is not living in its natural conditions. Refers to what he said on Acropera [in Orchids]. Many plants under culture have sexual functions altered.

Asks PHG to look at bee Ophrys at Torquay to see if pollinia are ever removed. "It is my greatest puzzle."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Philip Henry Gosse
Date:  2 June [1863]
Classmark:  Leeds University Library Special Collections (Brotherton Collection: Gosse Correspondence)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4200

From J. T. Austen   3 June 1863


Does not think Dennen’s transaction was dishonest, but can see no satisfactory explanation for it; feels they must inform their fellow trustees.

Author:  John Thomas Austen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 June 1863
Classmark:  DAR 159: 131, 151
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4201

From John Scott   [3 June 1863]


Thanks CD for influence used with Hooker to obtain a colonial position. Has offended J. H. Balfour by refusing the Darjeeling post and James McNab has become unfriendly, although his experiments do not detract from his garden work.

Will write Primula paper for Linnean Society as CD suggests.

His Darwinism is unpalatable at Edinburgh Botanic Garden.

Describes results with non-dimorphic Primula species. Such cases do not accord with CD’s view that characters are slowly acquired.

Thanks for criticism of his writing style.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3 June 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4202

From P. H. Gosse   4 June 1863


Thanks CD for his full reply. Sends additional facts derived from further observation, and a possible solution.

Author:  Philip Henry Gosse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 June 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4203

From S. P. Woodward   5 June 1863


Has been writing a notice of H. W. Bates’s "capital book" [Naturalist on the river Amazons (1863)].

P. M. Duncan’s coral paper [J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 29 (1863): 406–58] strengthens SPW’s belief in the general diffusion of marine forms westward in the course of time.

Author:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 June 1863
Classmark:  DAR 181: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4204

To P. H. Gosse   5 June [1863]


PHG’s hypothesis [regarding the self-fertilising mechanism of Stanhopea] may prove quite true, but CD suggests that PHG should observe another spike to make sure. CD will observe his Stanhopea if it flowers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Philip Henry Gosse
Date:  5 June [1863]
Classmark:  Lieut. Col. James Innes (private collection); sold at Christie‘s New York (dealers), 15 November 2011, lot 55
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4205

To John Scott   6 June [1863]


CD has spoken to Hooker of JS’s scientific merit, but has not suggested him for a colonial appointment.

Advice on style of writing.

Making extensive extract of JS’s orchid paper to communicate to Linnean Society [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 162–7].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  6 June [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B38–40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4206

To J. D. Hooker   8 [June 1863]



Sends Asa Gray letter to JDH. Gray’s "Coolness about England and U. S. beats anything".

John Scott’s difficulties at Edinburgh Botanic Garden.

JS’s paper on Primula crossing experiments.

Sends MS note about closing of stigma in orchids being dependent on affinity of pollen and independent of protusion of pollen-tubes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 [June 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4207

From G. H. K. Thwaites   8 June 1863


Dimorphism in Linum.

Situation in some of the lower Algae is analogous to that in phaenogams. In some, conjugation occurs between separate filaments, in others between cells of same filament.

Forwards a letter from S. O. Glenie enclosing specimens of Cassia fistula which show the two forms of the anthers.

Author:  George Henry Kendrick Thwaites
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 June 1863
Classmark:  DAR 178: 121–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4208

From G. H. Darwin   [9–15 June 1863]


Discusses some angles [relating to phyllotaxy].

The forthcoming school holidays.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [9–15 June 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4209

From J. D. Hooker   10 June 1863



JDH lays hard treatment of John Scott to J. H. Balfour’s anti-Darwinism.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 June 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 149–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4210

From Booth Bacon   10 June 1863


On CD’s application to pay up at once his shares in the Penarth Harbour Dock and Railway; directors’ policy is to receive payment on only 50% of shares allotted.

Author:  Booth Bacon
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 June 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4211

To John Scott   11 June [1863]


Hooker is impressed by JS’s MS on closing of stigma.

He will help find him a position. Hooker says if it is known that JS agrees with CD’s views, he will be unpopular in Edinburgh.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  11 June [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B22–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4212

From John Scott   16 June [1863]


Orchid paper in press.

Asks CD to correct MS of his Primula paper [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 78–126].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 June [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4213

From J. T. Austen   17 June 1863


Gives G. Dennen’s explanation of why he attempted to lend Percival’s savings at 10%: to assist his brother then repaying a loan made at 10%. Meeting [of trustees] to be called soon.

Author:  John Thomas Austen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 June 1863
Classmark:  DAR 159: 132
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4214

From James Anderson   18 June 1863



Sends a capsule of Dendrobium cretaceum. [See Orchids, 2d ed.]

Author:  James Anderson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 June 1863
Classmark:  DAR 70: 181
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4215

From J. D. Hooker   19 June 1863



Has heard from Julius von Haast that some of his letters were lost before leaving New Zealand. Haast’s enclosure for CD has been forwarded.

Haast and James Hector have both sent accounts of their travels in New Zealand.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 June 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 151
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4216

To George Bentham   19 June [1863]


GB’s address [Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1863): xi–xxix] pleased him as much as Lyell’s book [Antiquity of man] disappointed him on species question. GB has done a "real good turn to the right side".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  19 June [1863]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham Correspondence, Vol. 3, Daintree–Dyer, 1830–1884, GEB/1/3: f. 709–10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4217

To Charles Thomas Whitley   20 June [1863]


Recalls the long walks in Cambridge with the "expectant senior wrangler". Cannot accept invitation (related to meetings of the BAAS) because of continuing bad health, his own and that of his children.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Thomas Whitley
Date:  20 June [1863]
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School, Taylor Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4217A

From William Allport Leighton   [before 21 June 1863]



His observations of varieties of Verbascum.

Reference to Abbé Correa in the Life of Sir J. E. Smith.

Author:  William Allport Leighton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 21 June 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 108: 180
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4217F
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