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To John Scott   23 May [1863]

Summary

Has written to Hooker for his advice about the Darjeeling position. JS should not refuse the position on account of his experiments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  23 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B15–16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4183

To Hermann Crüger   25 May [1863]

Summary

Thanks for news about fertilisation of Melastomataceae.

Discusses fertilisation of orchids.

Mentions observations by John Scott.

Asks about "bud-variations".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hermann Crüger
Date:  25 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 359
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4184

To John Scott   25 and 28 May [1863]

Summary

CD does not think he could be wrong about the stigma of Bolbophyllum.

Will not write up Drosera for years.

Praises JS’s experiments. Invites him to send a paper to Linnean Society.

L. C. Treviranus says all species of Primula present two forms except P. longiflora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  25 and 28 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 93: B41–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4185

To W. H. Flower   25 May [1863]

Summary

Sends cheque to pay for photographs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Henry Flower
Date:  25 May [1863]
Classmark:  RR Auction (dealers) (November 2006)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4185F

To Lydia Ernestine Becker   [26 or 27 May 1863]

Summary

Thinks the dark purple anthers are a mass of a Cryptogamic plant, allied to the smut of Wheat. There remains a case of a reversion from a diœcious to a hermaphrodite condition.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Lydia Ernestine Becker
Date:  [26 or 27 May 1863]
Classmark:  Journal of Botany 7: 291–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4185G

From Asa Gray   26 May 1863

Summary

Discusses recent correspondence in the Athenæum: the disagreement between Lyell and Hugh Falconer and Owen’s remarks on heterogeny [see 4110].

Briefly discusses orchids and some problems in phyllotaxy.

Mentions the political situation and the quarrelsome behaviour of the English.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 135
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4186

From John Scott   26 May [1863]

Summary

Discusses Darjeeling position. Thanks CD for advice.

Will send orchid paper [see 4087].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 91
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4187

From John Thomas Austen   27 May 1863

Summary

Has written to G. Dennen to ask him for an explanation regarding his behaviour in a financial transaction involving the savings bank of which JTA and CD are trustees.

Author:  John Thomas Austen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 159: 149
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4188

From L. E. Becker   28 May [1863]

Summary

Thanks for CD’s paper [not named].

Inquires whether Lychnis, as an hermaphrodite, is more susceptible to fungus, disease, other weaknesses.

Author:  Lydia Ernestine Becker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 109
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4189

From John Scott   28 May [1863]

Summary

Sends abstract from Edinburgh Courant of his orchid sterility paper [see 4087]. Balfour altered title to obscure its theoretical nature.

Sends specimens showing curious variation.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4190

To J. D. Hooker   29 May [1863]

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Summary

CD’s encouragement of John Scott, who has found a case of self-incompatibility in orchids, like William Herbert’s in Crinum.

Nägeli on phyllotaxy.

CD’s observations on broom fertilisation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 195
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4191

From J. T. Austen   29 May 1863

Summary

Has not yet received any reply from Dennen.

Author:  John Thomas Austen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 159: 150
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4192

From W. D. Fox   29 May [1863]

Summary

Recommends that CD visit Dr MacLeod’s [hydropathic] establishment near Ilkley.

Author:  William Darwin Fox
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 179
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4193

From Philip Henry Gosse   30 May 1863

Summary

Asks CD’s help with problem that arose when he tried to impregnate an orchid following CD’s text in Orchids.

Author:  Philip Henry Gosse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4194

From J. T. Austen   30 May 1863

Summary

Sends letter from G. Dennen. GD improperly proposed to a depositor, Percival, to lend his savings at 10% to Dennen’s brother; asks CD whether matter should be brought before bank trustees.

Author:  John Thomas Austen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 159: 131
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4195

To Asa Gray   31 May [1863]

Summary

AG’s review of Alphonse de Candolle’s paper [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 35 (1863): 430–44] is excellent.

Does not AG consider that orchids oppose Oswald Heer’s view that species arise suddenly by monstrosities?

Infers that AG cannot explain the angles of phyllotaxy; has been looking at Carl Nägeli on the subject.

Reports Gaston de Saporta’s belief that natural selection will ultimately triumph in France.

Is working slowly at Variation.

Reports his observations on the imperfect flowers of Viola and Oxalis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  31 May [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (84)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4196

To John Higgins   31 May 1863

Summary

Acknowledges receipt of £235 7s. 9d.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  31 May 1863
Classmark:  Dominic Winter Auctioneers (dealers) (10 April 2019, lot 138)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4196F

To John Scott   31 May [1863]

Summary

Thanks JS for abstract of orchid sterility paper from Edinburgh Courant. His case of individual sterility will be of highest use to CD. Criticises JS’s writing. Points out weaknesses in the organisation of his argument and the use of inflated, imprecise language.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  31 May [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B47–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4197

From Asa Gray   [10–16] June [1863]

Summary

Possible dimorphism in Phlox.

Knows of no U. S. law prohibiting marriage of cousins.

Gives references to papers on phyllotaxy.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [10–16] June [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 136
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4198

To W. E. Darwin   [25 July 1863]

Summary

Relates events at Down;

asks WED to make some observations on Lythrum.

His present hobby-horse is tendrils.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [25 July 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 112
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4199
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1863
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