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To Athenæum   5 May [1863]


Replies to a reviewer’s statement, that any theory of descent will connect large classes of facts, by pointing out that no other explanation has been as satisfactory as natural selection. But whatever view is adopted "signifies extremely little in comparison with the admission that species have descended from other species and have not been created immutable".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  5 May [1863]
Classmark:  Athenæum, 9 May 1863, p. 617
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4142

To ? [‘Julian’]   [c.1864]


[No informatiion about content.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [c. 1864]
Classmark:  The British Library (Surrogate RP 10629)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4375F

To an editor   24 March [1863?]


Encloses a dialogue on species from a New Zealand newspaper [S. Butler’s First dialogue on evolution, from the Christchurch Press].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  24 Mar [1863?]
Classmark:  Canterbury Museum, Christchurch, New Zealand
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4058

To Athenæum   18 April [1863]


Attacks the doctrine of "heterogeny" (spontaneous generation during each geological period) as completely lacking in evidence.

Defends natural selection as connecting large classes of facts in natural history. That certain forms have not changed since remote epochs is not an objection of any force.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  18 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Athenæum, 25 April 1863, pp. 554–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4108

To ?   28 April [1863?]


Discusses exchange of photographs with Édouard Claparède, "for whom I feel the highest respect".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  28 Apr [1863?]
Classmark:  Christie’s (dealers) (6 August 1975, lot 176)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13866

From William Bowman   31 January [1863]


Will supply CD with information "as far as my knowledge extends".

Suggests CD visit him.

Author:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Sir John Paget Bowman
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4988

To William Bowman   10 March [1863]


Will send portion of copied manuscript [of Variation 2: 8–10] for WB to examine. Asks about inherited abnormalities of the eye.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5030

To James Paget   11 March [1863]


Sends a sentence, quoting JP, on inherited peculiarities in eye-brows. Asks whether he may use it in his chapter on inheritance [Variation, ch. 12].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Paget, 1st baronet
Date:  11 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Smithsonian Libraries (Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology MSS 405 A. Gift of the Burndy Library)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5436

To Arthur Rawson   6 June [1863]


CD thanks the sender of a Cypripedium. He finds its pollination contrivances interesting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Arthur Rawson
Date:  6 June [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5563

From Henry Farncombe Billinghurst   [21 July 1863 – August 1870?]



Acknowledges the receipt of some signed transfers.

Author:  Henry Farncombe Billinghurst
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [21 July 1863 – Aug 1870?]
Classmark:  DAR 80: B18v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5765

From Daniel Oliver   17 February 1863


DO thinks an essay [Alexander Braun’s "Rejuvenescence", Ray Society (1853)] is not worth reading with respect to some difficulty concerning phyllotaxy.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Feb 1863
Classmark:  DAR 173: 20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8770

To Charles Lyell   18 April [1863]


Describes a letter he has written to the Athenæum in which he mentions CL’s views on species modification ["Doctrine of heterogeny", Collected papers 2: 78–80].

Comments on criticism of Lyell’s book [Antiquity] by Falconer and others.

Mentions his eczema.

Invites the Lyells to visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  18 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.294)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4106

To H. W. Bates   18 April [1863]


Has finished vol. 1 [of Naturalist on the river Amazons]. CD praises book as "best ever published in England".

The review in the Athenæum was cold, as always, and insolent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  18 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4107

From Philip Gidley King   19 April 1863


CD’s photograph evokes PGK’s reminiscence of CD in the Beagle.

Author:  Philip Gidley King
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 169: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4109

To Asa Gray   20 April [1863]


Fears England and U. S. will drift into war; he and AG must "keep to Science".

Thanks for facts on Incas; regrets he has always avoided the case of man.

Has sent his Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Is it true that Ohio has legislated against marriage of cousins?

Can AG explain the invariable angles in phyllotaxy; are they the consequence of packing in the early bud?

Owen’s comments on heterogeny in the Athenæum [28 Mar 1863] have vexed W. B. Carpenter; CD has replied [Collected papers 2: 78–80].

Hopes AG will observe Gymnadenia; John Scott has been experimenting on its fertilisation.

Gives his observation on pollination of Cypripedium.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (51)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4110

From J. D. Hooker   20 April 1863



Attacks by Falconer [Athenæum 4 Apr 1863, pp. 459–60] and Joseph Prestwich on Lyell.

W. B. Carpenter fails to attack Owen.

Welwitschia male cones with useless ovules marvellous example of lost function and retained structure.

JDH evaluates his sons.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 128–31; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Director’s correspondence 174 (New Zealand letters, 1854–1900): 281–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4111

From Asa Gray   20 April 1863


AG’s opinion of Lyell’s Antiquity of man.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 134
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4112

From Hugh Falconer   20 April [1863]


Has been in France, conveys good wishes from Quatrefages.

Describes the fossil of an unusual mammal head from Brazil.

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4113

To John Scott   20 [June 1863]


Glad to hear of JS’s orchid paper [Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 7 (1863): 543–50].

Suggests experiments on peloria.

Wants to count seed of the self-fertile red cowslip with equal stamens and styles.

Can send account of Hottonia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  20 [June 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B53–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4114

From H. B. Dobell   20 April 1863


Sends CD a form he has devised of a proper genealogical table of three or four generations of the families of medical cases, so that hereditary transmission may be more accurately and fully recorded.

Author:  Horace Benge Dobell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 162: 189
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4115
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Darwin, C. R.[X]
Hooker, J. D. (69)
Scott, John (34)
Gray, Asa (20)
Oliver, Daniel (18)
Darwin, W. E. (15)
Falconer, Hugh (15)
Rivers, Thomas (14)
Bates, H. W. (13)
Huxley, T. H. (13)
Fox, W. D. (12)
Anderson Henry, Isaac (11)
Anderson, Isaac (11)
Lyell, Charles (11)
Lubbock, John (10)
Becker, L. E. (8)
Bentham, George (8)
Trimen, Roland (8)
Dobell, H. B. (7)
Tegetmeier, W. B. (7)
Flower, W. H. (6)
Haast, Julius von (6)
Quatrefages de Bréau, Armand de Quatrefages (6)
Ansted, D. T. (5)
Austen, J. T. (5)
Crüger, Hermann (5)
Gosse, P. H. (5)
Maw, George (5)
Smith, Elder & Co (5)
Thwaites, G. H. K. (5)
Gardeners’ Chronicle (4)
Innes, J. B. (4)
Rawson, Arthur (4)
Wallace, A. R. (4)
Aubertin, J. J. (3)
Blyth, Edward (3)
Buckland, Frank (3)
Candolle, Alphonse de (3)
Dana, J. D. (3)
Darwin, E. A. (3)
Goodsir, John (3)
Hildebrand, Friedrich (3)
Journal of Horticulture (3)
Masters, M. T. (3)
Newton, Alfred (3)
Paget, James (3)
Swinhoe, Robert (3)
Unidentified (3)
Woodbury, T. W. (3)
Anderson, James (c) (2)
Athenæum (2)
Bowman, William (2)
Briggs, J. J. (2)
Cresy, Edward, Jr (2)
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