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To an editor   24 March [1863?]


Encloses a dialogue on species from a New Zealand newspaper [S. Butler’s First dialogue on evolution, from the Christchurch Press].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  24 Mar [1863?]
Classmark:  Canterbury Museum, Christchurch, New Zealand
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4058

To Athenæum   18 April [1863]


Attacks the doctrine of "heterogeny" (spontaneous generation during each geological period) as completely lacking in evidence.

Defends natural selection as connecting large classes of facts in natural history. That certain forms have not changed since remote epochs is not an objection of any force.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  18 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Athenæum, 25 April 1863, pp. 554–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4108

To Athenæum   5 May [1863]


Replies to a reviewer’s statement, that any theory of descent will connect large classes of facts, by pointing out that no other explanation has been as satisfactory as natural selection. But whatever view is adopted "signifies extremely little in comparison with the admission that species have descended from other species and have not been created immutable".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  5 May [1863]
Classmark:  Athenæum, 9 May 1863, p. 617
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4142

To ? [‘Julian’]   [c.1864]


[No informatiion about content.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [c. 1864]
Classmark:  The British Library (Surrogate RP 10629)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4375F

To ?   28 April [1863?]


Discusses exchange of photographs with Édouard Claparède, "for whom I feel the highest respect".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  28 Apr [1863?]
Classmark:  Christie’s (dealers) (6 August 1975, lot 176)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13866

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   2 July [1863]


Asks M. J. Berkeley to identify the microscopical spherical bodies CD found in drops of yellowish rain-water that fell on his garden in a brief shower.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  2 July [1863]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 18 July 1863, p. 675
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4230

To T. H. Huxley   3 July [1863]


Will be obliged if Flower examines specimens. States questions he wants answered.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  3 July [1863]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 229)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4232

To William Forsell Kirby   9 July [1863]


CD is particularly struck by WFK’s observations on Corsican and N. American subspecies in his paper ["On the geographical distribution of European Rhopalocera", Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 3d ser. 1 (1862–3): [!?bib has 1862–4] 481–92]. Thinks it would be interesting for WFK to examine specimens from the Shetland Islands, for even faint trace of differentiation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Forsell Kirby
Date:  9 July [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4237

To W. B. Tegetmeier   9 July [1863]


WBT progressing with breeding experiments for CD.

CD making quicker progress with Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  9 July [1863]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4238

To J. D. Hooker   14 July [1863]



Requests tendril-bearing plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 July [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 200
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4241

To Daniel Oliver   18 July [1863]


Sends F. Hildebrand’s paper for publication by the Linnean Society or in Natural History Review.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  18 July [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 51 (EH 88206034)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4244

To Julius von Haast   18 July [1863]


Acknowledges receipt of JvH’s letters and report of his expedition. Congratulates him on its success.

Has sent Origin.

There is hardly a place in the world as interesting as New Zealand with respect to geographical distribution.

Will quote the case of the ducks that nest in trees.

Is working hard on Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Francis Julius (Julius) von Haast
Date:  18 July [1863]
Classmark:  Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand (Haast family papers, MS-Papers-0037-051-3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4245

To J. J. Aubertin   19 July 1863


Discusses geology of Brazil.

Asks for Brazilian stamps for his son.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John James Aubertin
Date:  19 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 143: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4246

To J. D. Hooker   22 July [1863]



Differences between tendrils derived from leaves and those derived from branches.

CD on Asa Gray’s attitude on the Civil War.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 July [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 199
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4250

To John Scott   25 [July 1863]


Encourages JS to continue work on coloured primrose. No one has noticed this since Gärtner. CD will send his own data for JS’s use and will read MS when ready. Advises JS to repeat experiments if evidence is weak – for his reputation’s sake and for satisfaction at fully establishing a fact.

Treviranus made a slip of pen in writing of Primula longiflora as short-styled.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  25 [July 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B45–6, B69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4253

To J. D. Hooker   26 [July 1863]



Asa Gray writes as if Civil War were a holy war.

J. E. Renan on Jesus [Vie de Jésus (1863)].

Literature on tendrils of Cucurbita is contradictory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 [July 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 203
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4254

To Friedrich Hildebrand   28 July [1863]


Comments on FH’s paper ["Fruchtbildung der Orchideen", Bot. Ztg. 21 (1863): 329–33, 337–45]. Annals and Magazine of Natural History will publish it in September [3d ser. 12 (1863): 169–74].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) Hildebrand
Date:  28 July [1863]
Classmark:  Courtesy of Eilo Hildebrand (photocopy) (Original, previously owned by Klaus Groove, sold by Venator and Hanstein, Cologne (dealers), 16 March 2018.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4255

To G. H. K. Thwaites   29 July [1863]


Thanks GHKT for Limnanthemum seed.

Comments on his view of algal reproduction.

Discusses flower of Cassia.

Sends photograph of himself.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Henry Kendrick Thwaites
Date:  29 July [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.295)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4256

To John Scott   1 and 3 August [1863]


Thanks JS for orchid paper [Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 7 (1863): 543–50]. JS presents excellent new facts on sterility of orchids.

His argument that coloured primroses are not hybrids is good, as is idea of discovering primrose parentage by breeding for colours.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  1 and 3 Aug 1863
Classmark:  DAR 93: B24, B27–8, B70; DAR 147: 455
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4260

To L. E. Becker   2 August [1863]


Thanks LEB for the Lychnis seed [see 4258], which he will plant in the hope of fertilising the little ovaria.

Comments on the two forms of Linum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Lydia Ernestine Becker
Date:  2 Aug [1863]
Classmark:  Charterhouse Archives (ACC 013)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4260A
Document type
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Darwin, Emma (1)
Wedgwood, Emma (1)
01 (36)
02 (37)
03 (32)
04 (27)
05 (33)
06 (15)
07 (17)
08 (15)
09 (5)
10 (2)
11 (10)
12 (4)
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