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To ?   28 April [1863?]


Discusses exchange of photographs with Édouard Claparède, "for whom I feel the highest respect".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  28 Apr [1863?]
Classmark:  Christie’s (dealers) (6 August 1975, lot 176)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13866

To Athenæum   18 April [1863]


Attacks the doctrine of "heterogeny" (spontaneous generation during each geological period) as completely lacking in evidence.

Defends natural selection as connecting large classes of facts in natural history. That certain forms have not changed since remote epochs is not an objection of any force.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  18 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Athenæum, 25 April 1863, pp. 554–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4108

To Asa Gray   20 April [1863]


Fears England and U. S. will drift into war; he and AG must "keep to Science".

Thanks for facts on Incas; regrets he has always avoided the case of man.

Has sent his Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Is it true that Ohio has legislated against marriage of cousins?

Can AG explain the invariable angles in phyllotaxy; are they the consequence of packing in the early bud?

Owen’s comments on heterogeny in the Athenæum [28 Mar 1863] have vexed W. B. Carpenter; CD has replied [Collected papers 2: 78–80].

Hopes AG will observe Gymnadenia; John Scott has been experimenting on its fertilisation.

Gives his observation on pollination of Cypripedium.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (51)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4110

From J. D. Hooker   20 April 1863



Attacks by Falconer [Athenæum 4 Apr 1863, pp. 459–60] and Joseph Prestwich on Lyell.

W. B. Carpenter fails to attack Owen.

Welwitschia male cones with useless ovules marvellous example of lost function and retained structure.

JDH evaluates his sons.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 128–31; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Director’s correspondence 174 (New Zealand letters, 1854–1900): 281–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4111

From Asa Gray   20 April 1863


AG’s opinion of Lyell’s Antiquity of man.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 134
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4112

From Hugh Falconer   20 April [1863]


Has been in France, conveys good wishes from Quatrefages.

Describes the fossil of an unusual mammal head from Brazil.

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4113

From H. B. Dobell   20 April 1863


Sends CD a form he has devised of a proper genealogical table of three or four generations of the families of medical cases, so that hereditary transmission may be more accurately and fully recorded.

Author:  Horace Benge Dobell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 162: 189
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4115

From H. W. Bates   20 April 1863


Expresses hope that CD is ready to pronounce sentence on his book;

he relates his financial position and mentions that he hopes to get a position at the British Museum.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4116

To H. B. Dobell   21 April [1863]


CD thinks HBD’s tables would be a considerable gain because "the importance of hereditary transmission can hardly be exaggerated from every point of view". Makes suggestions.

Asks him to send any remarkable cases of inheritance to him and, as well, any case of regrowth of amputated additional digit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Horace Benge Dobell
Date:  21 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 221.5: 6 (photocopy); Legends (catalogue 2, 1990)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4117

From George Bentham   21 April 1863


Has not yet read the pamphlets [selection of reviews of Origin, sent by CD at GB’s request]. Though GB does not go so far as Hooker in accepting all of CD’s hypotheses and does not feel up to a thorough discussion of his views, he hopes in his Linnean Anniversary Address [Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1863): xi–xxix] to speak on the present state of the [species] question.

Author:  George Bentham
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4118

From John Hutton Balfour   22 April 1863


Thanks for paper on Linum [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

One of his gardeners [John Scott] is also studying such fertilisation and appreciates CD’s encouragement; Scott has paper to read for Edinburgh Botanical Society.

Author:  John Hutton Balfour
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4119

To George Bentham   22 April [1863]


Disagrees with GB when he says he is not up to treating the whole subject [the present state of the species question]. He is especially equipped to handle the "great subject of affinities in relation to descent and independent creation".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  22 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham Correspondence, Vol. 3, Daintree–Dyer, 1830–1884, GEB/1/3: f. 701)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4120

From W. E. Darwin   22 April [1863]


Sent off Corydalis. Observations on Corydalis pistils.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4120F

To Hugh Falconer   22 April [1863]


Good of HF to tell him about Brazilian beast. So intermediate a form is "very glorious". Must assume it is very old.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  22 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4121

To J. D. Hooker   23 April [1863]



Grieved by Falconer’s and Prestwich’s treatment of Lyell.

Reproductive anatomy of the common ash reminds CD of JDH’s Welwitschia because of its transitional forms.

Pleased JDH encourages Oliver to do orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 191
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4122

From D. T. Ansted   23 April 1863


Is very grateful for CD’s note and return of the bond for £250; promises to repay CD any profits made from those shares, even in the event of DTA’s death.

Is sorry to hear CD is ill.

Author:  David Thomas Ansted
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 159: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4123

From Hermann Crüger   23 April 1863


Observations on Catasetum.

Figs require insects in order to set seed.

Author:  Hermann Crüger
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 161: 276, DAR 205.8: 68 (Letters)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4124

From Hugh Falconer   24 April [1863]


Further description of the Toxodon-like mammal, Typotherium.

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4125

To Lovell Augustus Reeve   25 April [1863]


Thanks for LAR’s book [The land and freshwater mollusks indigenous to, or naturalised in, the British Isles (1863)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Lovell Augustus Reeve
Date:  25 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Liverpool Central Library (HL AL)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4127

From George Maw   25 April 1863


Has obtained fossils from Gibraltar that he believes are human. Requests Lyell’s address so that he can send the bones.

Author:  George Maw
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 171: 99
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4128
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