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To W. D. Fox   23 March [1863]


Thanks WDF for authentic details of number and colour of lambs [Variation 2: 30].

Complains of his eczema.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  23 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.292)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4057

To Daniel Oliver   24–5 March [1863]


Observation on morphology of Primula ovarium sent for DO’s use.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  24–5 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 42 (EH 88206025)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4059

To John Scott   24 March [1863]


Enthusiastic about JS’s work on Passiflora self-incompatibility.

CD quotes JS on rostellar pollen germination [in "Fertilisation of orchids", Collected papers 2: 77–8]. H. Crüger attributes it to ants’ carrying stigmatic secretion to pollen.

Homomorphic cowslip seedlings are, sadly, showing variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  24 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B72–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4060

To J. D. Hooker   26 [March 1863]



CD’s opinion of Lyell’s Antiquity of man.

Geographical distribution during and between glacial periods.

Latent characters and reversion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 [Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 188
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4061

From Edward Blyth   27 March 1863


Wants to know when he may visit CD.

Author:  Edward Blyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 203
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4062

To Daniel Oliver   28 March [1863]


Nectar secretion in Edwardsia. Could the stamen protect stigma?

Sends monstrous Primula with three pistils.

Had never heard of Robert Caspary, but what DO thinks is the placenta could be a whorl of pistils without stigmas.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  28 Mar [1863]
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4063

From J. D. Hooker   [28 March 1863]



Evidence of tropical floras continuous since Tertiary cannot fit CD’s position on intermittent cold periods.

Agrees with CD on reversion and latency.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [28 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 121–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4064

To J. D. Hooker   [29 March 1863]



CD regrets he used "creation" in Origin when he meant "appeared".

An Oken-like article in "Owenian style" in Athenæum.

Tropical plants continue to be troublesome.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [29 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 189
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4065

From Armand de Quatrefages   25 March 1863


Charles Martins of Montpellier will collect the varieties of silkworm for CD.

QdeB is battling with the polygenists in the Société d’Anthropologie.

Author:  Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 175: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4066

To G. H. K. Thwaites   30 March [1863]


Thanks GHKT for specimens of Sethia. Discusses functions of their dimorphism for insect fertilisation.

Discusses polymorphism and fertilisation in Lythraceae.

Asks for seed of Limnanthemum.

Describes his interest in galls.

Discusses curious specimens of Gomphia and Lesemia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Henry Kendrick Thwaites
Date:  30 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.293)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4067

To Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener   [17–24 March 1863]


Reports the observations of Hermann Crüger and John Scott that fruit is set by orchids whose flowers never open and that pollen-tubes are emitted from pollen-masses still in their proper position. These cases convince CD that in Orchids he underestimated the power of tropical orchids to produce seed without insect aid but he is not shaken in his belief that the structure of the flowers is mainly related to insect agency.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [17–24 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener n.s. 4 (1863): 237
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4069

From Armand de Quatrefages   [28 March] – 11 April 1863


Continues to support, in debates at the Société d’Anthropologie, the view that variability of animals and anatomical modifications are produced by environment. Wishes to use CD’s niata cattle example from Journal of researches [2d ed., pp. 145–6].

Author:  Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [28 Mar] – 11 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 175: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4082

From J. D. Hooker   [31 March 1863]



Owen is the author of the Athenæum article [28 Mar 1863, pp. 417–19]. JDH dismisses it as vulgar rubbish. W. B. Carpenter intends to write a reply.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [31 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 126–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4098

From Daniel Oliver   [27 March 1863]


Sends some specimens for CD.

Is busy with W. African Amomum, whose floral structure he discusses.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [27 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 173: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4328

To Alfred Newton   24 March [1863]


Thanks for potatoes, which may be useful in crossing.

Germination of seeds in earth on partridge’s foot.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Newton
Date:  24 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Cambridge University Library (MS Add. 9839/1D/53)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4435

To Armand de Quatrefages   27 March [1863]


Specimens obtained from Charles Martins will be most interesting.

Comments on QdeB’s book [Physiologie comparée (1862)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau
Date:  27 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Bibliothèque nationale de France, département des Manuscrits (Manuscripts NAF 11824 ff. 76–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4437

To William Bowman   10 March [1863]


Will send portion of copied manuscript [of Variation 2: 8–10] for WB to examine. Asks about inherited abnormalities of the eye.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5030

To James Paget   11 March [1863]


Sends a sentence, quoting JP, on inherited peculiarities in eye-brows. Asks whether he may use it in his chapter on inheritance [Variation, ch. 12].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Paget, 1st baronet
Date:  11 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Smithsonian Libraries and Archives (Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology MSS 405 A. Gift of the Burndy Library)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5436
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