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From Charles Lyell   11 March 1863

Summary

Defends position he takes on species [in Antiquity of man]. CD overestimates CL’s capacity to influence public. Will not dogmatise on descent of man; prepared to accept it, but it "takes away much of the charm from my speculations on the past". Cannot go to Huxley’s length with regard to natural selection. Responds to CD’s comments on Antiquity of man.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Mar 1863
Classmark:  K. M. Lyell ed. 1881, 2: 362–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4035

From W. E. Darwin   12 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses partnership in bank and whether Atherley would like to retire.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 14)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4035F

From J. D. Hooker   [6 March 1863]

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Summary

Lyell’s position on mutability.

Directions for care of hothouse plants.

Falconer hostile to Lyell’s book.

JDH’s Wedgwood ware collection.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 114–16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4036

From W. D. Fox   12 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses crossed varieties of sheep and ducks.

Author:  William Darwin Fox
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 178
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4037

To Charles Lyell   12–13 March [1863]

Summary

[On Antiquity of man] CD is "convinced that at times … you have … given up immutability". "A clear expression from you, if you could have given it, would have been potent with the public."

Objects to CL’s description of CD’s view "as a modification of Lamarck’s doctrine". Quotes Henrietta [Darwin]’s observations on this description.

Comments on CL’s controversy with Owen concerning the human brain.

The controversy between Falconer and CL.

The "wretched" review of CL [Antiquity of man, Athenæum 14 Feb 1863, pp. 219–21] and Huxley [Man’s place in nature].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  12–13 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.290)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4038

To J. D. Hooker   13 [March 1863]

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Summary

Lyell’s position on mutability.

Fertilisation of trees by bees.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 [Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 186
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4039

From J. D. Hooker   [15 March 1863]

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Summary

JDH battling with Lyell over treatment of species question in Antiquity of man. Distressed by Lyell’s raising false priority issue between JDH and CD. Falconer involved in a priority squabble.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 117–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4040

From Charles Lyell   15 March 1863

Summary

Lyell has received compliments for letting readers draw own inferences [on species question]. Now feels he earlier did Lamarck injustice. [CD’s] substitution of variety-making power for volition [as in Lamarck] in some respects only a change of names.

Thinks Huxley taking on too many responsibilities.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Mar 1863
Classmark:  K. M. Lyell ed. 1881, 2: 364–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4041

To [Thomas White Woodbury]   15 March [1863]

Summary

TWW should look at bee and comb specimens received by CD from Africa.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas White Woodbury
Date:  15 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  B. Altman & Co. (New York Times, 12 October 1975, p. 39)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4042

To the secretary, Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences, Berlin   16 March 1863

Summary

Thanks Academy on his election as a Corresponding Member.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences
Date:  16 Mar 1863
Classmark:  Archiv der Berlin-Brandenburgischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (II–III–120: 67)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4043

To W. D. Fox   16 [March 1863]

Summary

If WDF should hear what ram was put to the ewes, CD would like to add it [see Variation 2: 30].

Will add "cautiously" that WDF believes white and slate muscovy ducks breed true [Variation 2: 40].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  16 [Mar 1863]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 137)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4044

From James Paget   16 March 1863

Summary

Sends two [unidentified] papers on inheritance of medical malformations. Suggests that besides the inheritance of specific variations, the tendency to show variations in the same organ system (stomach, nervous, etc.) may also be inherited.

Author:  James Paget, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 174: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4045

From Roland Trimen   16 March 1863

Summary

RT has sent his observations on orchids to CD. Has found only one case of an insect with a pollinium adhering to it.

Author:  Roland Trimen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 70: 180, DAR 178: 184
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4046

To Charles Lyell   17 March [1863]

Summary

His better opinion [of work of Boucher de Perthes].

Explains his position on CL’s treatment of species.

Mentions positive response to his ideas on the part of a German professor [Ernst Haeckel], Alphonse de Candolle, and a botanical palaeontologist [Gaston de Saporta].

Notes negative reaction of entomologists.

Mentions Falconer’s objections [to Antiquity].

Mentions work of Hooker.

Comments on paper by Owen ["On the aye-aye", Rep. BAAS 32 (1862) pt 2: 114–16]

and CD’s review of Bates’s paper [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Thinks Natural History Review is excellent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  17 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.291)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4047

To J. D. Hooker   17 March [1863]

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Summary

Lyell’s Antiquity of man lacks originality.

Statements in Lyell provoke CD to determine exact publication date of Origin and JDH’s introductory essay [to Flora Tasmaniae].

CD now believes in repeated periods of global cooling and migration.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 187
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4048

From T. W. Woodbury   17 March 1863

Summary

Bee species of different sizes build cells the same size.

Author:  Thomas White Woodbury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 181: 150
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4049

To T. W. Woodbury   [after 17 March 1863]

Summary

Thanks for the artificial comb.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas White Woodbury
Date:  [after 17 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  International Bee Research Association, Eva Crane Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4050

To Asa Gray   20 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses the meaning of C. K. Sprengel’s term "dichogamy". Dichogamous plants are functionally monoecious; Primula is functionally dioecious.

Reports Hermann Crüger’s observations of Cattleya and of bees pollinating Catasetum. Crüger will observe Melastomataceae.

Has built a hothouse.

Fears Amsinckia cannot be dimorphic.

Ill health slows his work on Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4053

From Alfred Newton   21 March 1863

Summary

Sends tuber of Chilean wild potato, requested through Hooker and P. L. Sclater.

Plans to exhibit a bird’s foot with a large ball of clay attached. This phenomenon supports CD on seed dispersal.

Author:  Alfred Newton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 172: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4054

From John Scott   21 March [1863]

Summary

Thanks for CD’s answers on Passiflora

and Asa Gray review.

Has observed gradation of sterility in Oncidium species.

Has observed rostellar germination and fertilisation in Laelia. The latter was prevented in Bletia by covering the stigma with plaster of Paris.

Gongora atropurpurea capsules are swelling.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4055
Document type
letter (59)
Date
1863
03
01 (1)
03 (2)
04 (1)
05 (5)
06 (5)
09 (2)
10 (2)
11 (2)
12 (3)
13 (1)
15 (3)
16 (4)
17 (5)
20 (1)
21 (2)
22 (1)
23 (1)
24 (5)
25 (1)
26 (2)
27 (3)
28 (3)
29 (2)
30 (1)
31 (1)
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