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To an editor   24 March [1863?]


Encloses a dialogue on species from a New Zealand newspaper [S. Butler’s First dialogue on evolution, from the Christchurch Press].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  24 Mar [1863?]
Classmark:  Canterbury Museum, Christchurch, New Zealand
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4058

To Daniel Oliver   24–5 March [1863]


Observation on morphology of Primula ovarium sent for DO’s use.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  24–5 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 42 (EH 88206025)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4059

To John Scott   24 March [1863]


Enthusiastic about JS’s work on Passiflora self-incompatibility.

CD quotes JS on rostellar pollen germination [in "Fertilisation of orchids", Collected papers 2: 77–8]. H. Crüger attributes it to ants’ carrying stigmatic secretion to pollen.

Homomorphic cowslip seedlings are, sadly, showing variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  24 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B72–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4060

To J. D. Hooker   26 [March 1863]



CD’s opinion of Lyell’s Antiquity of man.

Geographical distribution during and between glacial periods.

Latent characters and reversion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 [Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 188
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4061

To Daniel Oliver   28 March [1863]


Nectar secretion in Edwardsia. Could the stamen protect stigma?

Sends monstrous Primula with three pistils.

Had never heard of Robert Caspary, but what DO thinks is the placenta could be a whorl of pistils without stigmas.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  28 Mar [1863]
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4063

To J. D. Hooker   [29 March 1863]



CD regrets he used "creation" in Origin when he meant "appeared".

An Oken-like article in "Owenian style" in Athenæum.

Tropical plants continue to be troublesome.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [29 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 189
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4065

To G. H. K. Thwaites   30 March [1863]


Thanks GHKT for specimens of Sethia. Discusses functions of their dimorphism for insect fertilisation.

Discusses polymorphism and fertilisation in Lythraceae.

Asks for seed of Limnanthemum.

Describes his interest in galls.

Discusses curious specimens of Gomphia and Lesemia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Henry Kendrick Thwaites
Date:  30 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.293)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4067

To Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener   [17–24 March 1863]


Reports the observations of Hermann Crüger and John Scott that fruit is set by orchids whose flowers never open and that pollen-tubes are emitted from pollen-masses still in their proper position. These cases convince CD that in Orchids he underestimated the power of tropical orchids to produce seed without insect aid but he is not shaken in his belief that the structure of the flowers is mainly related to insect agency.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [17–24 Mar 1863]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener n.s. 4 (1863): 237
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4069

To Alfred Newton   24 March [1863]


Thanks for potatoes, which may be useful in crossing.

Germination of seeds in earth on partridge’s foot.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Newton
Date:  24 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Cambridge University Library (MS Add. 9839/1D/53)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4435

To Armand de Quatrefages   27 March [1863]


Specimens obtained from Charles Martins will be most interesting.

Comments on QdeB’s book [Physiologie comparée (1862)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau
Date:  27 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Bibliothèque nationale de France, département des Manuscrits (Manuscripts NAF 11824 ff. 76–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4437

To William Bowman   10 March [1863]


Will send portion of copied manuscript [of Variation 2: 8–10] for WB to examine. Asks about inherited abnormalities of the eye.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5030

To James Paget   11 March [1863]


Sends a sentence, quoting JP, on inherited peculiarities in eye-brows. Asks whether he may use it in his chapter on inheritance [Variation, ch. 12].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Paget, 1st baronet
Date:  11 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Smithsonian Libraries (Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology MSS 405 A. Gift of the Burndy Library)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5436

To W. E. Darwin   29 [March–June 1863 or 1864?]


Would like WED to send a specimen of the unusual plant organ of which he sent a drawing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  29 [Mar 1863 - June 1863 or Mar 1864 - June 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3367

To H. W. Bates   4 March [1863]


CD relates Asa Gray’s pleasure over HWB’s paper and Gray’s plans to write abstract [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 36 (1863): 285–90].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  4 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4022

To Thomas Rivers   5 March [1863]


Thanks for information on weeping trees; asks for a few weeping elm seeds.

The double peach is in flower; the almond has not flowered; will beg a specimen of fruit later.

Has been unwell.

Tells of Hooker’s admiration for TR’s articles.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Rivers
Date:  5 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Sotheby, London (23–4 July 1987)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4023

To J. D. Hooker   5 March [1863]



Ill health.

At work on Variation.

Reading JDH on Welwitschia.

Letter from Lyell defends his position on species.

Anger at Owen.

John Lubbock’s lectures.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 184
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4024

To Smith, Elder and Company   5 March [1863]


Accepts offer of £5 [for remaining stock of Geology of "Beagle"].

Orders postage stamps for son.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  5 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (Ms.23181, ff.6-10 (S. E. & Co. work slip, ff.6-7, letter ff.8-9, address envelope f.10))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4025

To Charles Lyell   6 March [1863]


Comments at length on CL’s book [Antiquity of man (1863)]. CD is "greatly disappointed that you have not given judgment and spoken fairly out what you think about the derivation of species".

Lists large number of queries concerning minor points.

Praises especially the chapters on language and glaciers.

Comments on the temperature of Africa during the glacial period, especially with regard to the views of Hooker.

Mentions Owen’s paper on the aye-aye [Rep. BAAS 32 (1862) pt 2: 114–16].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  6 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.289)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4028

To H. B. Dobell   6 March [1863]


Thanks for information [on regeneration quotation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Horace Benge Dobell
Date:  6 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 389
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4030

To John Scott   6 March 1863


Answers JS’s criticism of natural selection, which he doubts JS understands. CD does not believe in an "innate selective principle".

To understand "utility" JS should read CD on correlation.

Origin of maize: no longer thinks husked form was wild because of Asa Gray’s evidence on its variability.

Has information from Thomas Rivers on weeping habit in trees.

JS’s experiments on coloured primroses.

Encloses bibliographical note on Passiflora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  6 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 93: B66–8, B71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4031
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