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To ? [‘Julian’]   [c.1864]

Summary

[No informatiion about content.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [c. 1864]
Classmark:  The British Library (Surrogate RP 10629)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4375F

To Thomas Rivers   17 [January 1863]

Summary

Can TR distinguish generally, always, or never, a nectarine-tree from a peach-tree before it flowers or before it fruits? He wants to quote TR’s answer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Rivers
Date:  17 [Jan 1863]
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer) (catalogue 61, 21 July 1989, item 50)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3922

To Asa Gray   19 January [1863]

Summary

Comments on his own review of Bates’s butterfly paper [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Thanks AG for information on Platanthera.

Has been wasting more time with Melastomataceae; can find no nectar in Monochaetum; is there any in Rhexia?

Hopes Lincoln’s "fiat against Slavery" will have some effect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3927

To Hugh Falconer   20 [January 1863]

Summary

If jaw belongs to Archaeopteryx, it will show great peculiarity. A German author has advanced the case as argument for Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  20 [Jan 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3928

To John Scott   21 January [1863]

Summary

Urges JS to publish on orchid pollen-tubes.

Suggests comparing stigmatic tissue of sterile hybrids and fertile parent; he would expect hybrid plant’s cell contents not to be coagulated after 24 hours in spirits of wine.

Suggests JS coat orchid stigmas with plaster of Paris for his work on rostellar germination.

Asks for list of "bud-variation" cases; CD has devoted a chapter to the subject.

Inquiries about I. Anderson-Henry’s observational competence.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  21 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B56–7, B75–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3934

To Julius von Haast   22 January 1863

Summary

Thanks JvH for his address [to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury], his Geological Report [Topographical and geological exploration of the western districts of the Nelson province, New Zealand (1861)],

and for the "honourable" notice of Origin.

CD especially interested in JvH’s facts on the old glacial period.

Asks about fossil remains [of supposed living mammalia] which CD thinks may be like "the Solenhofen bird-creature" [Archaeopteryx].

Urges the recording of rate and manner of spreading of European weeds and plants and observation on which native plants "most fail".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Francis Julius (Julius) von Haast
Date:  22 Jan 1863
Classmark:  Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand (Haast family papers, MS-Papers-0037-051-3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3935

To John Murray   22 January [1863]

Summary

Asks that a copy of Origin be sent to Thomas Rivers.

Curious about sale of Orchids. It is too stiff for the public. "If praise from Botanists would sell, it would go off well."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  22 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 127)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3936

To T. F. Jamieson   24 January [1863]

Summary

Impressed with TFJ’s Glen Roy paper.

TFJ has treated CD’s errors very gently.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Francis Jamieson
Date:  24 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  McConnochie 1901, pp. 236–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3941F

To Thomas Rivers   25 January [1863]

Summary

Has received the two trees sent by TR. Is anxious to see the fruit of the double peach.

The Origin is being sent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Rivers
Date:  25 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Maggs Brothers (catalogue 1086)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3942

To Hermann Crüger   25 January [1863]

Summary

Asks about insect fertilisation of Melastomataceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hermann Crüger
Date:  25 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 358
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3943

To W. B. Tegetmeier   26 [January 1863]

Summary

Has WBT ever heard of a case of the regeneration of monstrous (extra) toe on fowls?

Inquires about a curious pigeon reported at the Philoperisteron [pigeon fanciers’ club].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  26 [Jan 1863]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3944

To H. W. Bates   26 January [1863]

Summary

Congratulations on marriage, which CD considers the best and only chance for happiness in this world.

Glad HWB is near completion of book.

Begs him to thank Wallace for Melastoma information; CD "cannot endure being beaten by a beggarly flower".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  26 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3945

To Francis Trevelyan Buckland   26 January [1863]

Summary

Asks FB’s help in identifying an article in The Field about the fins of fishes growing again after being cut off, and inquiring whether he has heard of the re-growth of organs in the mammalia or birds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Trevelyan (Frank) Buckland
Date:  26 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Christie’s, London (dealers) (23 June 1993, lot 146)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3948F

To Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener   [before 27 January 1863]

Summary

Remarks on the influence of pollen of one species or variety on the seed and fruit of another while still attached to the female plant. Refers to a remarkable case previously given by D. Beaton and asks whether Beaton will repeat the details.

[CD’s letter is followed by notes by D. Beaton in which he answers CD’s question, dissociating himself from some of his remarks, and in particular denying C. F. v. Gärtner’s claim that colour of one variety of pea can be changed by the direct action of the pollen of a different variety.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 27 Jan 1863]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener n.s. 4 (1863): 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3951

To J. D. Hooker   30 January [1863]

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Summary

Naudin has not answered CD’s letter.

Reactions of Candolle, Naudin, Decaisne, and Gaston de Saporta to Origin.

CD’s new hothouse.

CD’s Linum paper.

JDH’s work on Welwitschia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 180
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3953

To Friedrich Rolle   30 January [1863]

Summary

Thanks FR for sketch of progress of evolutionary theory in Germany.

Compliments to Gustav Jäger.

Comments on FR’s book [Ch. Darwin’s Lehre (1863)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Rolle
Date:  30 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum, Frankfurt (SNG-Archiv: Malakol.: Nachlass Rolle)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3954

To Roland Trimen   31 January [1863]

Summary

Thanks RT for his letter and MS.

Is astonished by the different forms of orchids he describes.

Urges RT to describe and experiment with two or three of the more distinct genera.

"I believe, or am inclined to believe in one or very few primordial forms, from community of structure and early embryonic resemblances in each great class."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Roland Trimen
Date:  31 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Royal Entomological Society (Trimen papers, box 21: 78)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3956

To Alphonse de Candolle   31 January [1863]

Summary

CD thinks that he believes in as much migration as AdeC, only he does not believe nearly so much in continental extensions. CD also believes more in modification in form though he suspects the difference is not so great.

Thanks AdeC for information on melons, oranges,

and Swiss lake-habitation discoveries.

CD is almost tired of his book on variation under domestication, for his knowledge is insufficient to treat the plant part well, but he has done so much that he will finish it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alphonse de Candolle
Date:  31 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Archives de la famille de Candolle (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3957

To Thomas Rivers   11 January [1863]

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Summary

Thanks for "rich and valuable" letter [missing].

Has read TR’s paper in Gardeners’ Chronicle ["Seedling fruits – plums", (1863): 27] – "a treasure to me".

Questions about seedling peaches that approach almonds.

Asks whether TR has ever observed varieties of plants growing close to other varieties for several generations without being affected by crossing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Rivers
Date:  11 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3910

To Henry Walter Bates   12 January [1863]

Summary

Asa Gray will try to get HWB’s paper reviewed.

Also mentions that he (CD) wrote a short review of it for Natural History Review [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Asks whether bees or Lepidoptera visit flowers of Melastomataceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  12 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3911
Document type
letter (36)
Author
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Date
1863
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