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To ? [‘Julian’]   [c.1864]


[No informatiion about content.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [c. 1864]
Classmark:  The British Library (Surrogate RP 10629)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4375F

From William Bowman   31 January [1863]


Will supply CD with information "as far as my knowledge extends".

Suggests CD visit him.

Author:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Sir John Paget Bowman
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4988

From H. W. Bates   17 January [1863]



Has sent copy of his paper to Asa Gray.

Melastomad flowers are strikingly neglected by pollinators.

Murray has ordered many illustrations for HWB’s Naturalist on the river Amazons.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 205.8: 67 (Letters)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3925

From Hugh Falconer   18 January [1863]


Jaw with teeth found associated with Archaeopteryx fossil. Waterhouse pronounces it a fish’s jaw.

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3926

To Asa Gray   19 January [1863]


Comments on his own review of Bates’s butterfly paper [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Thanks AG for information on Platanthera.

Has been wasting more time with Melastomataceae; can find no nectar in Monochaetum; is there any in Rhexia?

Hopes Lincoln’s "fiat against Slavery" will have some effect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3927

To Hugh Falconer   20 [January 1863]


If jaw belongs to Archaeopteryx, it will show great peculiarity. A German author has advanced the case as argument for Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  20 [Jan 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3928

From Thomas Rivers   21 January 1863


Sends some trees to CD.

Would be pleased to receive the copy of Origin offered by CD as gift.

Will give CD any tree or shrub he may want.

Refers to curious strawberry hybrids noticed in Journal of Horticulture [I. Anderson-Henry, "Crossing strawberries", J. Hortic. n.s. 4 (1863): 45–6].

Author:  Thomas Rivers
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 176: 160
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3933

To John Scott   21 January [1863]


Urges JS to publish on orchid pollen-tubes.

Suggests comparing stigmatic tissue of sterile hybrids and fertile parent; he would expect hybrid plant’s cell contents not to be coagulated after 24 hours in spirits of wine.

Suggests JS coat orchid stigmas with plaster of Paris for his work on rostellar germination.

Asks for list of "bud-variation" cases; CD has devoted a chapter to the subject.

Inquiries about I. Anderson-Henry’s observational competence.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  21 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B56–7, B75–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3934

To Julius von Haast   22 January 1863


Thanks JvH for his address [to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury], his Geological Report [Topographical and geological exploration of the western districts of the Nelson province, New Zealand (1861)],

and for the "honourable" notice of Origin.

CD especially interested in JvH’s facts on the old glacial period.

Asks about fossil remains [of supposed living mammalia] which CD thinks may be like "the Solenhofen bird-creature" [Archaeopteryx].

Urges the recording of rate and manner of spreading of European weeds and plants and observation on which native plants "most fail".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Francis Julius (Julius) von Haast
Date:  22 Jan 1863
Classmark:  Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand (Haast family papers, MS-Papers-0037-051-3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3935

To John Murray   22 January [1863]


Asks that a copy of Origin be sent to Thomas Rivers.

Curious about sale of Orchids. It is too stiff for the public. "If praise from Botanists would sell, it would go off well."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  22 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 127)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3936

From Daniel Oliver   22 January 1863


The number of "aquatic" flowers is reduced if one considers only those that expand under water.

Lecturing at Norwich.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 173: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3937

From Francis Boott   23 January 1863


His son wants CD’s opinion about a cub supposed by Frank Buckland to be progeny of a lioness and mastiff.

Lyell working at last proofs [of Antiquity of man]; he is scornful of Owen.

Author:  Francis Boott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 254
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3938

From J. D. Hooker   24 January 1863



JDH delivers CD’s letter to C. V. Naudin.

Neither Naudin nor Decaisne appreciates Origin.

Discusses Naudin on physiological causes of species formation;

Decaisne on plant heredity.

JDH on Lincoln’s emancipation proclamation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 99–100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3940

From H. W. Bates   24 January 1863


Wallace noticed that melastomads in Malay archipelago were visited by small Hymenoptera.

Darwinism discussed at the last meeting of the Zoological Society. The Darwinians had the best of it.

HWB has committed the "folly" of marriage [to Sarah Ann Mason, 15 Jan 1863].

Printing of vol. 1 [of Naturalist on the river Amazons] is nearly finished.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 73
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3941

To T. F. Jamieson   24 January [1863]


Impressed with TFJ’s Glen Roy paper.

TFJ has treated CD’s errors very gently.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Francis Jamieson
Date:  24 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  McConnochie 1901, pp. 236–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3941F

To Thomas Rivers   25 January [1863]


Has received the two trees sent by TR. Is anxious to see the fruit of the double peach.

The Origin is being sent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Rivers
Date:  25 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Maggs Brothers (catalogue 1086)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3942

To Hermann Crüger   25 January [1863]


Asks about insect fertilisation of Melastomataceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hermann Crüger
Date:  25 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 358
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3943

To W. B. Tegetmeier   26 [January 1863]


Has WBT ever heard of a case of the regeneration of monstrous (extra) toe on fowls?

Inquires about a curious pigeon reported at the Philoperisteron [pigeon fanciers’ club].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  26 [Jan 1863]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3944

To H. W. Bates   26 January [1863]


Congratulations on marriage, which CD considers the best and only chance for happiness in this world.

Glad HWB is near completion of book.

Begs him to thank Wallace for Melastoma information; CD "cannot endure being beaten by a beggarly flower".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  26 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3945

From Thomas Rivers   26 January 1863


Thanks CD for Origin.

TR has often thought naturalists do not pay enough attention to the effect of site, soil, and climate on animals and plants and "hence has arisen the enormous number of so-called species".

His observations on people of different counties.

Author:  Thomas Rivers
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 176: 161
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3946
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