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To Ladies   24 February [1862–9]


Thanks for their kind feelings towards him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  24 Feb [1862-9]
Classmark:  R. M. Smythe & Co., New York
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5418F

To Pickard & Stoneman   1 December [1862]


Asks for information about cases for stove-plants. [Answers recorded in another hand.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  1 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.283)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3839

To ?   21 August [1862]


Thanks for monstrous floral specimen, but it is a common one.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  21 Aug [1862]
Classmark:  Lawrences Auctioneers, Crewkerne, Somerset, 2009
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3693F

To ?   11 March [1862–9]


Gives permission to insert in his magazine anything from CD’s works.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  11 Mar [1862-9]
Classmark:  Karpeles Manuscript Library Museums
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13877F

To ?   29 March [1862–9]


Declines, regretfully, to contribute to or to have his name appear on a new magazine.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  29 Mar [1862-9]
Classmark:  Wellcome Collection (MS.7781/1–32 item 8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13878

To Joseph Bullar   27 June [1862]


Thanks JB for "orchid flowers with Diptera".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Bullar
Date:  27 June [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.256)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6806

From John Lubbock   30 October 1862


Hopes to visit tomorrow if CD is up to it.

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Oct 1862
Classmark:  DAR 170: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3788

To W. E. Darwin   30 [October 1862]


Thanks WED for observations on Lythrum.

Discusses family affairs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  30 [Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 107
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3789

From W. E. Darwin   [5 October 1862]


Has found Lythrum, and sends some. Wants to know what CD thinks of frog discussion between Sandars and James. Asks CD to send objects for microscope demonstration. Means to go see the London Exhibition again. Has finished reading Orley Farm and returns it.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [5 Oct 1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3789F

From C. W. Crocker   31 October 1862



Difficulties in beginning experiments upon retirement.

Describes his observations on insect pollination of Antirrhinum and the effect of excluding the pollinators.

Has been observing variant forms of Plantago

and comparing local orchids with CD’s observations.

Possibility of an intermediate-styled primrose.

His experiments at Kew and J. B. Lawes’s at Harpenden on deterioration of vegetables and cereals.

Author:  Charles William Crocker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Oct 1862
Classmark:  DAR 76 (ser. 2): 84a–d
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3790

From J. D. Hooker   2 November 1862



Stupefied by CD’s five forms of Lythrum.

Asa Gray busy with Cypripedium. JDH offers some to CD if he wants to challenge Gray.

J. W. Dawson’s review of JDH’s paper on Arctic plants.

Louis Lucien Bonaparte’s views on Basque and Finnish language [Langue basque et langues finnoises (1862)] suggest to JDH that Basques are Finns left behind after the glacial period, like the Arctic plants!

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 66–7, 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3792

To J. D. Hooker   3 November [1862]



Requests reference to Jules Planchon’s monograph on Linum [Lond. J. Bot. 6 (1847): 588–603; 7 (1848): 165–86, 473–501, 507–28].

Sends list of seeds, including Oxalis, Boraginaceae especially Alkanna.

Asa Gray says JDH wrote reviews of Orchids in Gardeners’ Chronicle.

His experiments amuse him after dull day’s work on vegetables and fruit-trees.

Leschenaultia formosa has exterior stigma, thus eminently requiring insect aid, and thus ensuring crossing almost inevitably.

Asks whether Samuel Haughton at Dublin who made important medical discovery could be the same who reviewed Origin so hostilely [in Nat. Hist. Rev. 7 (1860): 23–32]; if so, he can sneer at and abuse CD to his heart’s content.

Asa Gray as rabid as ever [on Civil War].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 171
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3793

From J. B. Jukes   3 November 1862


The statement on p. 87 of Origin that birds break the eggs with their own beaks should be revised.

Author:  Joseph Beete Jukes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 168: 92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3794

To J. D. Hooker   4 November [1862]



Cannot see how J. W. Dawson can accuse JDH of asserting a subsidence of Arctic America. Much of evidence for subsidence during glacial period will prove false as it largely rests on ice action which is more and more viewed as subaerial.

Dawson is biased against Darwinism.

Suggests Greenland may have been repopulated after glacial period extinguished flora, by migration in sea-currents.

Max Müller’s view of origin of language is weakest part of his book [see 3752].

Would like to examine the rare Cypripedium hirsutissimum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 168
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3795

To Asa Gray   6 November [1862]


Agrees Max Müller’s book [see 3752] is interesting but cannot see how it will further his "cause".

A book by J. W. Colenso [The Pentateuch and book of Joshua critically examined, pt 1 (1862)] has just appeared and will "make a noise".

Would like some observations made on Cypripedium.

Will not publish yet on Lythrum as he must make many more crosses; the mid-styled is fertile with half of its own stamens.

Would like to try a few experiments on tendrils.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  6 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (78)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3796

From J. D. Hooker   7 November 1862



JDH admits he wrote Gardeners’ Chronicle and Natural History Review articles on orchids [Gard. Chron. (1862): 789–90, 863, 910; Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 371–6].

JDH’s objections to CD’s idea of how Greenland was repopulated. Temperate Greenland has as Arctic a flora as Arctic Greenland – a fact of astounding force. Why should certain Scandinavian species be absent? Migration by sea-currents can no more account for the present distribution in Greenland than can special creation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 68–9, 73–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3797

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   [before 8 November 1862]


Asks whether T. A. Knight’s tall blue and white marrow peas were raised by Knight himself.

Also asks whether anyone who has saved seed peas grown close to other kinds observed that the succeeding crop came up "untrue" or crossed? CD would expect that such crossing would occasionally happen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [before 8 Nov 1862]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 8 November 1862, p. 1052
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3798

From Asa Gray   10 November 1862


AG has Cypripedium to send to CD.

Civil War and English feelings.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3799

From John Scott   11 November 1862


CD is mistaken in considering Acropera unisexual, with only male flowers [Orchids, pp. 203–10]. JS has successfully fertilised two A. loddigesii flowers. One is ripening. Dissection of the other shows the pollen accomplishes fertilisation without contacting any stigmatic surface. Abortive ovules found in flowers that did not become fertilised when pollinated. JS suggests Acropera has both unisexual male and hermaphrodite flowers.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 177: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3800

To J. D. Hooker   [10–]12 November [1862]



So JDH did write the Gardeners’ Chronicle review [of Orchids]! CD guessed it from the little slap at R. Brown.

Dawson’s lecture has nothing new. Absurd to assume Greenland under water during whole of glacial period. Suggests absence of certain plants in Greenland due to seeds not surviving in sea-water. Suggests an experiment on vitality in sea-water of plants that might be in Greenland. Is more willing to admit a Norway–Greenland land connection than most other cases.

Urges JDH to warn Tyndall on his glacial theory of valleys in Switzerland.

Is working on cultivated plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [10–]12 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 169
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3801
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