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To H. W. Bates   9 May [1862]

Summary

Referring to conversation with Lyell, CD is certain that there was a Miocene glacial period.

Compliments HWB on the mimetic display at the British Museum. Those at the Museum readily accepted HWB’s "doctrine".

Was shown genital organs of closely allied Chrysomelidae.

Albert Günther is candidate for position at Museum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  9 May [1862]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3540

To J. D. Hooker   9 May [1862]

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Summary

Sorry to hear of JDH’s household troubles.

Will try to get a couple of flowers of Leschenaultia to send him.

"What a good case that of the Cameroons"; the 4000ft [elevation] is much to CD’s "private satisfaction".

Sends JDH a copy of Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 May [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 149
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3541

To T. H. Huxley   10 May [1862]

Summary

Nearly agrees on contemporaneity, but THH pushes his ideas too far. Would require strong evidence before believing that the so-called Silurian, Devonian, and Carboniferous strata could be contemporaneous. Thinks THH’s case on advancement of organisation is strong. But he should read Bronn, before publishing again, and say more on other side. Cannot help hoping he is not as right as he seems to be.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  10 May [1862]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 171)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3542

To Philip Lutley Sclater   12 May [1862]

Summary

Asks for information about japanned peacocks from Hudson [John Henry?] Gurney’s flock.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Philip Lutley Sclater
Date:  12 May [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.276)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3543

To William Darwin Fox   12 May [1862]

Summary

Asks if WDF has ever crossed wild and common turkeys. Would like to quote his authority [see Variation 1: 292].

Also curious whether WDF has known the so-called japanned peacock to appear from common peacock [Variation 1: 290].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  12 May [1862]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 132)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3544

To P. L. Sclater   14 May [1862]

Summary

Asks for information about peacocks, especially Pavo nigripennis. Suggests a crossing experiment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Philip Lutley Sclater
Date:  14 May [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.277)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3545

From Daniel Oliver   14 May 1862

Summary

Thanks for Orchids.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 May 1862
Classmark:  DAR 173.1: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3546

From John Obadiah Westwood   14 May 1862

Summary

Thanks for Orchids.

Has captured a bee with pollinia adhering to its head. Will send it to CD if he likes.

Author:  John Obadiah Westwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 May 1862
Classmark:  DAR 181: 90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3547

To J. D. Hooker   15 [May 1862]

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Summary

Yellow anthers of Heterocentron produce on the same plant thrice as many seeds as the crimson anthers. Crimson anther seeds produce dwarf plants, others rise high up. Monochaetum ensiferum facts are still more strange. Wants to investigate the case, and asks for a plant of the Melastomataceae just before flowering.

Has JDH a Rhododendron boothii from Bhutan with pistil bent the wrong way?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 [May 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 151
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3548

From John Lubbock   15 May 1862

Summary

Thanks for Orchids.

"The big book [Variation] will no doubt go on again now."

JL is writing on Somme implements ["Evidence of antiquity of man", Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 244–69].

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 May 1862
Classmark:  DAR 170.1: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3549

From George Henry Kendrick Thwaites   15 May 1862

Summary

Sends CD a quotation from Plato which anticipates the Origin.

Has been enjoying CD’s paper on dimorphism in the Journal of the Linnean Society ["Two forms of Primula", Collected papers 2: 45–63]. He has found similar structures [see Forms of flowers, pp. 116, 122].

Author:  George Henry Kendrick Thwaites
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 May 1862
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 79–80, DAR 171.1: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3550

From M. T. Masters   [c. 15 May 1862]

Summary

Thanks for Orchids.

Author:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. 15 May 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 171.1: 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3551

From D. F. Nevill   [16? May 1862]

Summary

Thanks CD for his book [Orchids].

Author:  Dorothy Fanny Nevill
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [16? May 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 172.1: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3552

From George Chichester Oxenden   15 May 1862

Summary

Thanks for the book [Orchids].

Found thousands of Ophrys aranifera plants.

Author:  George Chichester Oxenden
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 May 1862
Classmark:  DAR 173.2: 48
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3553

From George Bentham   15 May 1862

Summary

Thanks CD for his book [Orchids]. CD has opened a new field for observation and a new unexpected track to explore phenomena that had before appeared "irreconcilable with ordinary opinion and method shown in the organic world".

Author:  George Bentham
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 May 1862
Classmark:  DAR 160.1: 152
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3554

To W. D. Fox   [17 May 1862]

Summary

Thanks WDF for interesting letter about turkeys. Would be grateful for information on fertility of the hybrids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  [17 May 1862]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 133)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3555

From Georgina Tollet   17 May [1862]

Summary

Thanks for Orchids.

Author:  Georgina Tollet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 May [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 128
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3556

FromC. W. Crocker   17 May 1862

Summary

Comments on presentation copy of Orchids. Has CD studied the orchid Sobralia?

Cannot get material for hollyhock experiment.

Sends his notes on Primula sinensis.

He is experimenting on Ranunculus.

Author:  Charles William Crocker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 May 1862
Classmark:  DAR 108: 133, DAR 161.2: 258
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3557

To J. D. Hooker   [18 May 1862]

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Summary

Leschenaultia seems very odd. Will try with pollen left on for 48 hours. Illustrates diversity of structures for same purpose.

Bentham’s and Oliver’s good opinion of Orchids is reassuring.

Anxious to experiment on Melastomataceae; thinks it will give important results.

Wants Leschenaultia formosa to try whether viscid outside surface can be fertilised.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [18 May 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 154
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3558

From Asa Gray   18 May 1862

Summary

Has received first sheets of Orchids and is very impressed. "What a skill & genius you have for these researches."

Details of U. S. orchids.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 May 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 109
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3559
Document type
letter (54)
Date
1862
05
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