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To J. D. Hooker   21 November [1860]

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Summary

Welcomes JDH home from Middle Eastern expedition.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2991

To James Drummond   22 November [1860]

Summary

JD’s letter of 17 Sept about Leschenaultia not seeding is surprising. CD’s experiments point to insects which, though perhaps not indispensable to their fertilisation, are useful to it. Would like to know whether the flower of Leschenaultia is visited by bees or other insects.

JD’s offer to send seeds of Distylis and the other genus is of greatest possible interest.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Drummond
Date:  22 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  J. S. Battye Library of Western Australian History, State Library of Western Australia (Accession 2275A)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2992

To Henry Walter Bates   22 November [1860]

Summary

Thanks for interesting letter which confirms belief that a good observer is a good theorist.

He is glad to hear that HWB, with his wide knowledge of natural history, has anticipated CD in many respects and agrees with the Origin.

Has been thoroughly attacked, especially by entomologists – J. O. Westwood, T. V. Wollaston, and Andrew Murray.

Glad HWB is writing on "equatorial refrigeration"; CD expresses his belief in north to south migration during glacial period.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  22 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2993

To T. H. Huxley   22 November [1860]

Summary

Has had a good letter from Robert McDonnell. Thinks he will be converted in time.

Impatient to see first number of Natural History Review.

Murray wants a new edition of Origin immediately.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  22 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 147)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2994

From Daniel Oliver   23 November 1860

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Summary

Dr Hooker has given him CD’s memorandum on the fly-catcher.

Copies out extract from Curtis’ Botanical Magazine [On Apocynum androsæmifolium, 8 (1794): tab.]: 280 and gives a further reference in Erasmus Darwin’s The loves of plants [1789]. Suggests that they look at Apocynum.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Nov 1860
Classmark:  DAR 157a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2995A

To Charles Lyell   24 November [1860]

Summary

Comments on CL’s advice not to reply directly to reviews.

Describes work on his Drosera manuscript.

Work delayed on his "larger book" [Variation].

Comments at length on the evolutionary significance of Robert McDonnell’s investigations ["On an organ in the skate", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1861): 57–60].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  24 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.234)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2996

From Charles Lyell   24 November 1860

Summary

CL has calculated that elevation and subsidence of certain formations in Sweden and Norway take place at the rate of 2 1/2 feet per century. He now proposes to estimate the age of a bed by including a conjecture that pauses occur in the oscillations in the ratio of 4 periods of stasis to one of movement. Applying this formula to Scotland, the last subsidence and re-elevation would be 590,000 years and the age of the beds with human implements would be 20,000 years.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov 1860
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal VII, pp. 40–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2996A

To Charles Lyell   25 November [1860]

Summary

Discusses elevation and subsidence of Europe.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  25 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.235)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2997

To Asa Gray   26 November [1860]

Summary

Has reread AG’s third Atlantic Monthly article. It is admirable, but CD cannot go as far as AG on design.

Mentions other opinions and reviews of Origin.

Relates some experiments on Drosera showing its extreme sensitivity; requests some observations on orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  26 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (27)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2998

To J. D. Hooker   26 November [1860]

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Summary

Preparing new edition of Origin and asks for JDH’s corrections and criticisms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2999

From J. D. Hooker   [26 November – 4 December 1860]

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Summary

Encourages CD’s work in vegetable physiology.

Ascending the Lebanon JDH noted limits of plant distribution as CD requested: lower limits of a genus sharper than upper. Sharpness of boundaries related to a plant’s moisture requirement.

Impressed by "sporadic" distribution at the Jardin des Plantes in Paris.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Nov – 4 Dec 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 158–60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3000

To John Lubbock   28 November [1860]

Summary

Praise for a paper on the Entomostraca by Lubbock (Lubbock 1862). Thanks for the compliment paid to the Origin and for his general comments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  28 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 40b (EH 88206449)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3001

From Charles Lyell   30 November 1860

Summary

Satisfied that CD finds his conjectured rate of elevation and long periods of stasis reasonable, even if these periods cannot be estimated. Explaining upheaval by subterranean lava flow makes these pauses plausible. Suspects that mountainous areas move more than lowland and coastal areas. General upheavals or subsidence in Europe in glacial period are unlikely. Believes with Jamieson that there was glacial action in Scotland before its submergence and that it was equally mountainous then. Subterranean upheaval visits different countries by turn. Horizontal Silurian strata must have been submerged and upheaved. Rest has always been the general surface character. Believes, however, that the quantity of late Tertiary movement is against CD’s belief in the constancy of continents and oceans: perhaps since the Miocene period, but not since the Cretaceous.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Nov 1860
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal VII, pp. 49–57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3001A

To T. H. Huxley   2 December [1860]

Summary

Is sick of hostile reviews but they have helped in showing where he must expatiate and expand in new edition of Origin.

Has more confidence in the general truth of his view. Disappointed THH does not think it more probable than he did at first.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  2 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 149)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3003

To John Murray   3 December [1860]

Summary

Asks again how great a hurry there is for new edition [of Origin, 3d ed.]. Corrections will enlarge volume by a dozen or twenty pages, plus a short historical sketch. Would like "With Corrections" in title.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  3 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.80–81)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3004

To Jeffries Wyman   3 December [1860]

Summary

"You cannot tell how much your paper on Gestation has interested me" ["On some unusual modes of gestation in batrachians and fishes", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 27 (1859): 5–13].

Robert McDonnell has made curious discoveries on electrical organs of rays.

Is giving JW’s hog case in corrected ed. [3d] of Origin.

Would like account of tip of tail of young rattlesnake.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jeffries Wyman
Date:  3 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  Harvard Medical Library in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine (Jeffries Wyman papers H MS c 12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3005

To Charles Lyell   4 December [1860]

Summary

Sale of Origin requires new edition [3d (Apr 1861)].

Further discussion of geological elevation and subsidence in Europe. Compares evidence to that of South America. His theory that semi-fluid matter underlies earth’s crust.

Mentions David Forbes’s explanation of South American nitrate deposits.

Has followed CL’s advice not to reply directly to reviewers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  4 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.236)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3006

To Benjamin Silliman Jr   4 December [1860]

Summary

Thanks for information on cave rat.

CD is obliged for news of J. D. Dana’s recovery.

Will use BS’s information about cave rat in revised [3d] edition of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Benjamin Silliman, Jr
Date:  4 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3007

To J. D. Hooker   4 December [1860]

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Summary

Third edition of Origin will answer reviewers.

Drosera experiments detailed.

Hopes for W. H. Harvey’s conversion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3008

To T. H. Huxley   5 [December 1860]

Summary

Thanks THH for his note; pleased by what he says. Is too sensitive about shades of opinion of men like THH.

The Macmillan article on Origin [H. Fawcett, "A popular exposition of Mr Darwin on the origin of species", Macmillan’s Mag. 3 (1860): 81–92].

J. E. Gray’s misunderstanding of Origin.

Account of the encounter at Oxford BAAS meeting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  5 [Dec 1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5:130)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3009
Document type
letter (479)
Correspondent
Date
1860
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02 (49)
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