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To Edward Cresy   12 December [1860]

Summary

Asks him to thank A. S. Taylor for note.

Describes experiments on Drosera.

Discusses reviews of the Origin. By far the best is by Asa Gray.

Discusses plans for new edition of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Cresy, Jr
Date:  12 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3021

From T. H. Huxley   [before 14 December 1860]

Summary

Would be glad to have Chauncey Wright’s [Origin] review for the Natural History Review.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 14 Dec 1860]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (39)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3022

To Asa Gray   14 December [1860]

Summary

Encloses note from Huxley [see 3022], who would be grateful for Chauncey Wright’s review.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  14 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (39)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3023

From G. C. Wallich   14 December [1860]

Summary

Response to [3020]. CD has been misled by errors made in the Times notice [5 Dec 1860, p. 5]. GCW does not doubt that Foraminiferous matter as well as other deep sea deposits vary greatly in thickness, but positive results are difficult to establish. Some areas of the sea bed are bare but their extent has not been established. He now thinks that he was too hasty in the conclusion that deep currents produce abrasion and rounding of gravel.

Author:  George Charles Wallich
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  DAR Pamphlet collection (bound in Wallich 1860)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3023A

To J. D. Hooker   17 December [1860]

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Summary

Analysing results of last spring’s Primula experiments, CD infers pollen of short-styled plants "suits" long-styled plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 81
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3024

To W. D. Fox   17 December [1860]

Summary

Writes of family photographs and health.

Is at work on an enlarged [3d] edition of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  17 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 130a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3025

To James Drummond   20 December [1860]

Summary

Responds to JD’s letter [2944]. Would like to know whether bees extract pollen from within the indusium of Leschenaultia. He suspects they brush over and partly open the indusium while sucking nectar from the flower.

Asks also about malvaceous plant that set seed although its flower never opened.

Has been watching the achenia of the plant sent by JD and, if Hooker agrees, will publish a note on it ["Achenia of Pumilio argyrolepis", Collected papers 2: 36–8].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Drummond
Date:  20 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  J. S. Battye Library of Western Australian History, State Library of Western Australia (Accession 2275A)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3026

To Daniel Oliver   20 December [1860]

Summary

Requests date of [C. S.] Rafinesque[-Schmaltz], New flora of North America, pt 1 [1836].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  20 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 28 (EH 88206011)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3027

To Asa Gray   21 December [1860]

Summary

Asks AG to send his reviews [of Origin] as soon as he has definitely fixed on a title for the pamphlet.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  21 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (J. L. Gray autograph collection 50)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3028

To John Murray   22 [November 1860]

Summary

Asks how soon he must send proofs [of Origin, 3d ed.] to printer. His corrections would not take more than three weeks. The longest job will be to glance over the endless reviews to guide him in his corrections.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  22 [Nov 1860]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 72–73)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3029

From Sarah Elizabeth Wedgwood   25 December [1860?]

Summary

Charlotte [Wedgwood Langton?] reports from Mr Wallis on time of day that sundew opens.

Author:  Sarah Elizabeth (Elizabeth) Wedgwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Dec [1860?]
Classmark:  DAR 181
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3030

To J. D. Hooker   26 December [1860]

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Summary

Sends JDH note on adaptation of an Australian Compositae for dispersal in dry climate. Is it too trivial to publish? [Collected papers 2: 36–8].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3031

To John Innes   28 December [1860]

Summary

News of Etty’s health and of neighbours.

Pleased that JBI likes Origin.

CD never expected to convert people in less than 20 years, though now convinced he is "in the main right". Bishop of Oxford’s review made "splendid fun" of him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Brodie Innes
Date:  28 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3032

From J. D. Hooker   28 December 1860

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Summary

CD’s article worth publishing in Gardeners’ Chronicle. JDH interprets CD’s observation in terms of selection. Has observed similar phenomenon in Cruciferae, where it can be taxonomically important.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Dec 1860
Classmark:  DAR 100: 143–4, 146–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3033

To J. D. Hooker   29 December [1860]

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Summary

Feels his poor stomach "saved" him from overworking his head.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3034

From Gideon Lincecum   29 December 1860

Summary

Gives observations on the habits of the "agricultural ant" of Texas.

Author:  Gideon Lincecum
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Dec 1860
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3035

To [the Royal College of Surgeons of England]   28 December [1860]

Summary

Asks whether, during the past year, Richard Owen’s edition of John Hunter’s new work has been published [Memoranda on vegetation (Hunter 1860), or Essays and observations on natural history, anatomy, physiology, psychology, and geology (Hunter 1861)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Royal College of Surgeons
Date:  28 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  Donald R. Markey (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3035F

From J. D. Hooker   [11 May – 3 December 1860]

Summary

CD’s divergent series explains those anomalous plants that hover between what would otherwise be two species in a genus.

Inclined to see conifers as a sub-series of dicotyledons that developed in parallel to monocotyledons, but retained cryptogamic characters.

Mentions H. C. Watson’s view of variations.

Man has destroyed more species than he has created varieties.

Variations are centrifugal because the chances are a million to one that identity of form once lost will return.

In the human race, we find no reversion "that would lead us to confound a man with his ancestors".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [11 May – 3 Dec 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 205.5: 217 (Letters), DAR 47: 214
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3036

To T. H. Huxley    20 March [1860]

Summary

Invites THH to join Hooker at Down on 5 April.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  20 Mar [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 160)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3093

To Herbert Spencer   23 [February 1860]

Summary

HS put the case of selection strikingly and clearly in his article [Anonymous, "A theory of population, deduced from the general law of animal fertility", Westminster Rev. 57 (1852): 468–501]. Of CD’s numerous private critics only HS has rendered the philosophy fairly: his argument is an hypothesis that explains groups of facts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  23 [Feb 1860]
Classmark:  University of London, Senate House Library (MS. 791/51)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3126
Document type
letter (479)
Correspondent
Date
1860
01 (56)
02 (49)
03 (27)
04 (44)
05 (46)
06 (40)
07 (38)
08 (18)
09 (41)
10 (43)
11 (37)
12 (40)
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