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To W. B. Tegetmeier   8 May [1860]

Summary

Thanks WBT for observations on colours of newly-hatched pigeons of different breeds. Asks if breeders have noticed any differences in lengths of time eggs were incubated in different breeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  8 May [1860]
Classmark:  Yale University: Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library (Yale Collection of American Literature: De Forest Family Papers (YCAL MSS 582) Box 2, folder 58, item 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2790

To J. S. Henslow   8 May [1860]

Summary

Comments on Richard Owen’s review of the Origin [in Edinburgh Rev. 111 (1860): 487–532]. Considers Owen unfair to CD and most ungenerous toward Hooker.

Expects Sedgwick to be fierce against him. Sedgwick also misrepresented CD in his Spectator review [24 Mar and 7 Apr 1860].

Compares natural selection to the undulatory theory of light as a hypothesis explaining a large number of facts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  8 May [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A67–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2791

From William Masters   8 May 1860

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Summary

Observations on hybrids from crossed cabbage varieties.

Author:  William Masters
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 May 1860
Classmark:  DAR 76 (ser. 2): 166–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2792

From H. C. Watson   10 May 1860

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Summary

Returns reviews of Origin.

F. J. Pictet [Arch. Sci. Phys. & Nat. n.s. 7 (1860): 231–55] goes further than he himself realises.

Naturalists will resist CD’s views until faith in certain "impassable" barriers between existent species is shaken.

Gives CD an instance of convergence.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1860
Classmark:  DAR 47: 160–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2793

To J. D. Hooker   11 May [1860]

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Summary

Dissection of Leschenaultia convinces CD insect agency necessary for self-fertilisation in this case.

Primroses and cowslips seem universally to occur in two forms. Very curious to see which plants set seed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 May [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2795

From John Cattell   12 May 1860

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Summary

Cannot provide plants CD requested.

Has sowed several kinds of lettuce seed near each other and has never observed them to cross naturally [see Cross and self-fertilisation, p. 173 n.].

Author:  John Cattell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 May 1860
Classmark:  DAR 77: 171–2a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2796

To a Bookseller   13 [May 1860]

Summary

Orders latest issues of North British Review and Dublin Magazine of Natural History. Also would like an order placed for him for a French translation of F. Unger, Versuch einer Geschichte der Pflanzen-Welt [1852], if such a translation has appeared.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Bookseller.
Date:  13 [May 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2797

To J. D. Hooker   13 [May 1860]

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Summary

J. S. Henslow’s defence of CD;

[Thomas?] Thomson’s opposition to Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 [May 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 54
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2798

To Francis Galton   13 May [1860]

Summary

Does FG know Mansfield Parkyns well enough to submit query to him? [Probably about domestication of Columba guinea in Abyssinia. See Variation 1: 183.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Galton
Date:  13 May [1860]
Classmark:  UCL Library Services, Special Collections (GALTON/1/1/9/5/7/6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2799

To J. D. Hooker   14 May [1860]

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Summary

Instructs JDH on how to pollinate Leschenaultia.

Evidence of Leschenaultia and the dioecious condition of cowslips and Auricula is making necessity of insect pollination "clear and clearer".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 May [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 55
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2800

To J. S. Henslow   14 May [1860]

Summary

Thanks JSH for his defence [see 2794].

He is not hurt for long by what his attackers say. His conclusions were arrived at after long study. He has certainly erred, but not so much as "Sedgwick and Co." think.

Asks JSH to send names of plants that vary greatly in length of pistil.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  14 May [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A70–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2801

To J. D. Hooker   15 [May 1860]

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Summary

Lyell, de facto, first to stress importance of geological changes for geographical distribution.

Asa Gray has given CD too much credit for theories of geographical distribution.

Reaction to hostile criticism

and debt to Lyell, Huxley, JDH, and W. B. Carpenter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 [May 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 56
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2802

To James Drummond   16 May 1860

Summary

Asks JD to observe Leschenaultia formosa to verify CD’s hypothesis of how it is fertilised. Also suggests an experiment to determine whether it is fertilised by nocturnal insects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Drummond
Date:  16 May 1860
Classmark:  J. S. Battye Library of Western Australian History, State Library of Western Australia (Accession 2275A)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2803

From Henry Doubleday   16 May 1860

Summary

Answers CD’s questions about his experiments with primroses, cowslips, and oxlips. HD is aware experiments must often be repeated many times. Has never met with the oxlip except where primrose and cowslip grow together.

Author:  Henry Doubleday
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 May 1860
Classmark:  DAR 162.2: 238
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2804

To J. S. Henslow   17 May [1860]

Summary

Sends characters by which he can divide all primroses and cowslips into what he suspects will be male and female plants. Believes these forms are first step in formation of a dioecious plant.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  17 May [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A72–3, A116
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2805

To Charles Lyell   18 May [1860]

Summary

Comments on enclosed letters from Asa Gray and Wallace [missing].

Discusses hybrid fertility in rabbits and hares, and pheasants and fowls.

Asks about paper by Hermann Schaaffhausen ["Über Beständigkeit u. Umwandlung der Arten", Verh. Naturhist. Ver. Preuss. Rheinlande 10 (1853): 420–51].

Mentions criticism by Sedgwick and William Clark at Cambridge Philosophical Society.

Notes importance of CL and Hooker in defending Origin.

Comments on papers by D. A. Godron ["Considérations sur les migrations des végétaux", Acad. Stanislas Mem. Soc. Sci. Nancy (1853): 329–67].

Mentions receiving anonymous verses.

A Manchester newspaper lampoon shows CD has proved "might makes right" to be a universal law.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  18 May [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.212)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2806

To A. R. Wallace   18 May 1860

Summary

Pleasure in ARW’s approbation of the Origin. Other supporters among scientists. ARW’s generosity.

Attacks by Owen, Sedgwick, and others.

Anticipation of natural selection by Matthew in 1830.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  18 May 1860
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434: 21–23v)>
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2807

To Asa Gray   18 May [1860]

Summary

Bitter and incessant attacks on the Origin.

Any truth in it has been saved only by a small body of men like Lyell, AG, Hooker, and Huxley.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  18 May [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (14)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2808

To W. D. Fox   18 May [1860]

Summary

Attacks [on Origin] are "hot and heavy". Adam Sedgwick and William Clark at Cambridge Philosophical Society opened a battery. J. S. Henslow defended in grand style.

Slow progress on bigger book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  18 May [1860]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 128)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2809

To John Murray   18 May [1860]

Summary

Thanks for six copies of Journal of researches [1860 ed.].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  18 May [1860]
Classmark:  Dunedin Public Library (Reed collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2810
Document type
letter (479)
Correspondent
Date
1860
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02 (49)
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