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To J. D. Hooker   14 May [1860]

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Summary

Instructs JDH on how to pollinate Leschenaultia.

Evidence of Leschenaultia and the dioecious condition of cowslips and Auricula is making necessity of insect pollination "clear and clearer".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 May [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 55
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2800

To J. D. Hooker   15 [May 1860]

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Summary

Lyell, de facto, first to stress importance of geological changes for geographical distribution.

Asa Gray has given CD too much credit for theories of geographical distribution.

Reaction to hostile criticism

and debt to Lyell, Huxley, JDH, and W. B. Carpenter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 [May 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 56
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2802

To J. D. Hooker   20 May [1860]

Summary

Gives references to experiments on cowslip for W. H. Harvey.

Suggests possible sources of error in results. Feels evidence is overwhelming that cowslip and primrose are varieties.

Has received laudatory verses on the Origin from some botanist; suspects Francis Boott.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 May [1860]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2811

To J. D. Hooker   22 [May 1860]

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Summary

Floral anatomy.

Wallace’s capital response on reading Origin.

E. W. Binney has published on coal-plants living in marine waters ["On the origin of coal", Mem. Lit. & Philos. Soc. Manchester 2d ser. 8 (1848): 148–94], an old CD idea.

Waste of pollen in horse chestnut will make a good case against perfection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 [May 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2813

To J. D. Hooker   29 [May 1860]

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Summary

Convinced selection is the efficient cause. Less convinced of physical causes than JDH because he sees adaptation everywhere and that must be due to selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 [May 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 58
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2816

To J. D. Hooker   30 May [1860]

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Summary

Harvey’s letter to JDH more accepting of natural selection than CD expected.

Battle over Origin is raging in the United States.

Weary of hostile reviews.

Doubts about going to Oxford [for BAAS meeting].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 May [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 59
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2818

To J. D. Hooker   5 June [1860]

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Summary

CD’s response to criticism of natural selection. Exasperated at not being understood. He tries to narrow the gap between himself and JDH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 June [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2821

To J. D. Hooker   7 June [1860]

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Summary

Floral anatomy of Goodeniaceae: although flowers seem to fertilise themselves by pistil moving to anther, CD shows that insect agency is necessary. Wants JDH to check his interpretation of stigmatic surface.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 June [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2823

From J. D. Hooker   8 June 1860

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Summary

Glad to hear good news of Etty [Henrietta Darwin].

CD’s observations on Scaevola are capital. The indusium collects the pollen and is the homologue of the pollen-collecting hairs of Campanula. A boat-shaped organ forms a second indusium, the inside base of which forms the stigmatic surface. The latter later protrudes as horns, forming the stigma.

Describes W. H. Harvey’s scientific career and thinks his letter interesting. Agrees with Harvey that the primary agency of natural selection is as great a mystery as ever. [Response to 2823.]

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 June 1860
Classmark:  DAR 157a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2825A

To J. D. Hooker   12 [June 1860]

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Summary

Progress of [Thomas?] Thomson and G. H. K. Thwaites on accepting mutability.

Bee orchid pollination.

JDH has written to CD on homologies of stigma in Goodeniaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 [June 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2830

To J. D. Hooker   26 [June 1860]

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Summary

Going for hydropathy. Too ill for Oxford BAAS meeting.

Pollination by minute insects.

CD proves his view regarding Goodenia stigmatic surfaces by dissection and following pollen-tubes up to grains.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 [June 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 63
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2846

From J. D. Hooker   2 July 1860

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Summary

JDH reports on the debate on the Origin at Oxford [BAAS] meeting.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 July 1860
Classmark:  DAR 100: 141–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2852

To J. D. Hooker   [2 July 1860]

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Summary

CD, ill and despondent about hostile reviews, is cheered by JDH’s account of Oxford battle, particularly by willingness of JDH and Huxley to fight for CD’s theory in public.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [2 July 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 64
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2853

To J. D. Hooker   [3 July 1860]

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Summary

Reread JDH’s letter "with infinite pleasure".

Plans to visit Kew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [3 July 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2856

To J. D. Hooker   [4 July 1860]

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Summary

CD will visit Kew on way home from E. W. Lane’s hydropathy establishment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [4 July 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2858

To J. D. Hooker   12 July [1860]

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Summary

Floral anatomy; pistil curvature and pistil movement. CD’s rule that bent pistils occur in "gangway" into nectaries.

The book JDH is planning, which he and CD discussed at Kew, should deal with plant reproduction.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 July [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2864

To J. D. Hooker   19 [July 1860]

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Summary

Asa Gray’s anonymous review.

"Intensely interested" in orchid homologies; like a "game of chess".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  19 [July 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2871

To J. D. Hooker   [20? July 1860]

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Summary

CD’s reaction to review of the Origin [by Samuel Wilberforce] in Quarterly Review [see 2881].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [20? July 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 33a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2875

To J. D. Hooker   [17 July 1860]

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Summary

Asa Gray’s articles in Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences [10 Apr 1860] excellent; considering asking Athenæum to reprint them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [17 July 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2878

To J. D. Hooker   29 July [1860]

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Summary

Casual observations on Drosera.

Wants to know author of good review of Origin in London Review [& Wkly J. Polit. 1 (1860): 11–12, 32–3, 58–9].

Athenæum will reprint Gray’s discussion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 July [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2880
Document type
letter (61)
Addressee
Correspondent
Darwin, C. R. (61)
Hooker, J. D.[X]
Date
1860
01 (4)
02 (6)
03 (3)
04 (7)
05 (10)
06 (7)
07 (9)
08 (2)
09 (2)
11 (3)
12 (8)
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