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To ?   [1860–82?]


Sends photograph in case recipient collects them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860–82?]
Classmark:  J. A. Stargardt (dealer) (catalogue 681, 28 and 29 June 2005)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3052F

To a bookseller   9 September [1860]


Orders one copy of the issue of the Atlantic Monthly for last August (but not worth sending to America for) and two copies of the issue for next October.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  9 Sept [1860]
Classmark:  International Autograph Auctions Ltd (dealers) (14 December 2013 lot 403)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2908F

To ?   25 [April 1860?]


August Laugel has sent him a copy of his review [of Origin] in Revue des Deux-Mondes [26 (1860): 644–71].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  25 [Apr 1860?]
Classmark:  Quaritch (dealers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2768

To ?   14 June [1860]


He has sent the list of seeds to J. H. Hooker at Kew. There has been no agreement about a French edition [of Origin]. There is little chance of his being at the BAAS meeting at Oxford.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  14 June [1860]
Classmark:  University of South Carolina Libraries, Hollings Special Collections Library (C. Warren Irvin, Jr., Collection of Darwin and Darwiniana)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2832F

To ?   19 March [1860–1?]


Recommends papers on Styrian Cave insects and American cave animals.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  19 Mar [1860–1]
Classmark:  King’s College London Archives (TH/PP MISC)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13770G

To ?   [1860 or later?]


Is "almost certain" plant is Menispermum canadense.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860 or later?]
Classmark:  Glenbow Museum
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13875

To ?   [1860 or later?]


CD’s health remains bad and as he grows older he becomes weaker.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860 or later]
Classmark:  Wellcome Collection (MS.7781/1–32)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13876

To ?   [1860 or later]


Asserts that if his views [in the Origin] are in the main right, palaeontology does not give a fair picture of the forms that have peopled the earth, and [fossil] collections are a mere chance gathering of a few forms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860 or later]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2625

To Charles Lyell   12 [March 1860]


Discusses the intellectual development of the ancient Greeks as an objection to evolution and gives his reply.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  12 [Mar 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.203)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5032

To F. M. Wedgwood   5 March [1860–9]


Thanks for a shell of an edible mollusc and also specimens of blind cave animals, which he will present in FW’s name to the British Museum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frances Mosley (Fanny Frank) Wedgwood
Date:  5 Mar [1860–9]
Classmark:  Alan Wedgwood (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5984F

From John Cattell   [after 5 May 1860]



Future orders will be highly esteemed.

Author:  John Cattell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 5 May 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 53.2: 167r
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9213

To A. G. More   5 August [1860]


Thanks for observations on bee orchid.

Comments on Hooker’s ["On the functions and structure of the rostellum of Listera ovata", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 144 (1854): 259–64].

Discusses rostellum and describes fertilisation of Epipactis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Goodman More
Date:  5 Aug [1860]
Classmark:  Royal Irish Academy (A. G. More papers RIA MS 4 B 46)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2890

From T. H. Huxley   6 August 1860


Announces great ally for CD: K. E. von Baer "worth all the Owens & Bishops that ever were pupped". Quotes Baer: "J’ai énoncé les mêmes idées que M. Darwin", but based only on zoological geography.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Aug 1860
Classmark:  DAR 98 (ser. 2): 31–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2891

To J. D. Hooker   7 August [1860]



Owen wants to be civil, and sneer behind CD’s back.

Those, like Rudolph Wagner, who want to go halfway on theory, are "booked to go further".

Anatomy of orchids.

Huxley says K. E. von Baer goes "a great way with me".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Aug [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2892

To T. H. Huxley   8 August [1860]


News of K. E. von Baer’s support is magnificent – far outweighs Owen and Agassiz. Asks THH to tell Baer that a statement from him would be of utmost value.

R. Wagner [in an article on Louis Agassiz’s principles of classification, Göttingsche gelehrte Anzeiger (1860) pt 2: 761–800] "goes half way" between Agassiz and Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  8 Aug [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 133)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2893

To A. G. More   9 August [1860]


Asks AGM to make an experiment on Epipactis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Goodman More
Date:  9 Aug [1860]
Classmark:  Royal Irish Academy (A. G. More papers RIA MS 4 B 46)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2894

To Charles Lyell   11 August [1860]


Comments on his fear that "so many heavy guns fired by great men" might influence the public and scientists.

Sends CL the Owen-inspired Wilberforce review [Q. Rev. 108 (1860): 225–64].

Mentions defence of Origin by Asa Gray at American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Agassiz and Theophilus Parsons have poor criticisms ["Prof. Agassiz on the origin of species", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 30 (1860): 142–54].

Lists other negative reviews by Rudolph Wagner ["An essay on classification by Louis Agassiz", Göttingische Gelehrte Anz. (1860) pt 2: 761–800], Charles Daubeny ["Remarks on the final causes of the sexuality of plants, with particular reference to Mr Darwin’s work On the origin of species by natural selection", Rep. BAAS 30 (1860) pt 2: 109–10], and two anonymous ones (one favourable).

Huxley says K. E. von Baer "goes a long way with us".

Comments on "pipes" in chalk as evidence of geological processes still at work.

Is writing on origin of dog breeds [Variation 1: 15–43].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  11 Aug [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.223)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2895

To Asa Gray   11 August [1860]


Agassiz is strongly opposed to Origin, but CD thinks K. E. von Baer may come out in support.

Discusses the possibility of favourable monstrosities in the light of Theophilus Parsons’ essay ["On the origin of species", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 30 (1860): 1–13].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Aug [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (35)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2896

From Charles Théophile Gaudin   [15 August 1860]



Offers to supply CD with information about a new "race" of bees with a larger proboscis. They produce more honey as a result of being able to probe to greater depths.

Author:  Charles-Théophile Gaudin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 Aug 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 47: 164
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2897

To Robert Monsey Rolfe?   15 August [1860]


Declines his Lordship’s invitation to dinner for reasons of health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Monsey Rolfe, 1st Baron Cranworth of Cranworth
Date:  15 Aug [1860]
Classmark:  Paul C. Richards (dealer)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2897A
Document type
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Hooker, J. D. (61)
Lyell, Charles (56)
Huxley, T. H. (31)
Gray, Asa (29)
Oliver, Daniel (26)
Murray, John (b) (18)
Henslow, J. S. (13)
Cresy, Edward, Jr (11)
Bronn, H. G. (9)
Unidentified (8)
Lubbock, John (7)
More, A. G. (7)
Tegetmeier, W. B. (7)
Williams & Norgate (7)
Higgins, John (6)
Darwin, W. E. (5)
Drummond, James (a) (5)
Fox, W. D. (5)
Innes, J. B. (5)
Miller, W. H. (5)
Sclater, P. L. (5)
Bookseller. (4)
Gardeners’ Chronicle (4)
Murray, Andrew (4)
Rodwell, J. M. (4)
Carpenter, W. B. (3)
Harvey, W. H. (3)
Masters, M. T. (3)
Pictet de la Rive, F. J. (3)
Quatrefages de Bréau, Armand de Quatrefages (3)
Spencer, Herbert (3)
Thwaites, G. H. K. (3)
Watson, H. C. (3)
Wyman, Jeffries (3)
Blomefield, Leonard (2)
Bond, Frederick (2)
Brent, B. P. (2)
Bridges, Thomas (b) (2)
Bunbury, C. J. F. (2)
Cattell, John (2)
Daubeny, C. G. B. (2)
Doubleday, Henry (2)
Falconer, Hugh (2)
Forbes, David (2)
Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Isidore (2)
Gordon, George (b) (2)
Gärtner, Emma (2)
Hardy, Charles (2)
Jenyns, Leonard (2)
Kippist, Richard (2)
Lamont, James (2)
Masters, William (2)
Patterson, Robert (2)
Powell, Baden (2)
Ramsay, A. C. (2)
Reed, G. V. (2)
Rolleston, George (2)
Silliman, Benjamin, Jr (2)
Skirving, R. S. (2)
Smith, Frederick (a) (2)
Smith, J. T. (2)
Stainton, H. T. (2)
Stewardson, Thomas (2)
Wallace, A. R. (2)
Wallich, G. C. (2)
Waterhouse, G. R. (2)
Wedgwood, F. M. (2)
Westwood, J. O. (2)
Woodward, S. P. (2)
Ansted, D. T. (1)
Arnott, Neil (1)
Bartlett, A. D. (1)
Bates, H. W. (1)
Blewitt, Octavian (1)
Boott, Francis (1)
Cottage Gardener (1)
Dana, J. D. (1)
Darwin, E. A. (1)
Entomologist’s Weekly Intelligencer (1)
Eyton, T. C. (1)
Fawcett, Henry (1)
Galton, Francis (1)
Gaudin, C.-T. (1)
Greg, W. R. (1)
Griffin, Charles (1)
Günther, Albert (1)
Hawkshaw, John (1)
Holland, Miss (1)
Hutton, F. W. (1)
Jelski, Aleksander (1)
Jukes, J. B. (1)
Lincecum, Gideon (1)
Marshall, William (1)
Meade, R. H. (1)
Murchison, R. I. (1)
Norman, Ebenezer (1)
Phillips, John (1)
Prestwich, Joseph (1)
Reeks, Trenham (1)
Rolfe, R. M. (1)
Royal College of Surgeons (1)
Sharpey, William (1)
Smith, Elder & Co (1)
Trübner, Nicholas (1)
Victoria, queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and empress of India (1)
Watkins, Frederick (1)
Way, Albert (1)
Wedgwood, Elizabeth (1)
Wedgwood, Hensleigh (1)
Whewell, William (1)
Wollaston, T. V. (1)
secretary of Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (1)
01 (56)
02 (49)
03 (27)
04 (44)
05 (46)
06 (40)
07 (38)
08 (18)
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