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To ?   [1860–82?]


Sends photograph in case recipient collects them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860–82?]
Classmark:  J. A. Stargardt (dealer) (catalogue 681, 28 and 29 June 2005)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3052F

To ?   14 June [1860]


He has sent the list of seeds to J. H. Hooker at Kew. There has been no agreement about a French edition [of Origin]. There is little chance of his being at the BAAS meeting at Oxford.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  14 June [1860]
Classmark:  University of South Carolina Libraries, Hollings Special Collections Library (C. Warren Irvin, Jr., Collection of Darwin and Darwiniana)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2832F

To a bookseller   9 September [1860]


Orders one copy of the issue of the Atlantic Monthly for last August (but not worth sending to America for) and two copies of the issue for next October.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  9 Sept [1860]
Classmark:  International Autograph Auctions Ltd (dealers) (14 December 2013 lot 403)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2908F

To ?   25 [April 1860?]


August Laugel has sent him a copy of his review [of Origin] in Revue des Deux-Mondes [26 (1860): 644–71].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  25 [Apr 1860?]
Classmark:  Quaritch (dealers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2768

To ?   [1860 or later]


Asserts that if his views [in the Origin] are in the main right, palaeontology does not give a fair picture of the forms that have peopled the earth, and [fossil] collections are a mere chance gathering of a few forms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860 or later]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2625

To ?   19 March [1860–1?]


Recommends papers on Styrian Cave insects and American cave animals.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  19 Mar [1860–1]
Classmark:  King’s College London Archives (TH/PP MISC)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13770G

To ?   [1860 or later?]


Is "almost certain" plant is Menispermum canadense.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860 or later?]
Classmark:  Glenbow Museum
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13875

To ?   [1860 or later?]


CD’s health remains bad and as he grows older he becomes weaker.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860 or later]
Classmark:  Wellcome Collection (MS.7781/1–32)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13876

From Sarah Elizabeth Wedgwood   25 December [1860?]


Charlotte [Wedgwood Langton?] reports from Mr Wallis on time of day that sundew opens.

Author:  Sarah Elizabeth (Elizabeth) Wedgwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Dec [1860?]
Classmark:  DAR 181
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3030

To J. D. Hooker   26 December [1860]



Sends JDH note on adaptation of an Australian Compositae for dispersal in dry climate. Is it too trivial to publish? [Collected papers 2: 36–8].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3031

To John Innes   28 December [1860]


News of Etty’s health and of neighbours.

Pleased that JBI likes Origin.

CD never expected to convert people in less than 20 years, though now convinced he is "in the main right". Bishop of Oxford’s review made "splendid fun" of him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Brodie Innes
Date:  28 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3032

From J. D. Hooker   28 December 1860



CD’s article worth publishing in Gardeners’ Chronicle. JDH interprets CD’s observation in terms of selection. Has observed similar phenomenon in Cruciferae, where it can be taxonomically important.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Dec 1860
Classmark:  DAR 100: 143–4, 146–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3033

To J. D. Hooker   29 December [1860]



Feels his poor stomach "saved" him from overworking his head.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3034

From Gideon Lincecum   29 December 1860


Gives observations on the habits of the "agricultural ant" of Texas.

Author:  Gideon Lincecum
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Dec 1860
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3035

To [the Royal College of Surgeons of England]   28 December [1860]


Asks whether, during the past year, Richard Owen’s edition of John Hunter’s new work has been published [Memoranda on vegetation (Hunter 1860), or Essays and observations on natural history, anatomy, physiology, psychology, and geology (Hunter 1861)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Royal College of Surgeons
Date:  28 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  Donald R. Markey (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3035F

From J. D. Hooker   [11 May – 3 December 1860]


CD’s divergent series explains those anomalous plants that hover between what would otherwise be two species in a genus.

Inclined to see conifers as a sub-series of dicotyledons that developed in parallel to monocotyledons, but retained cryptogamic characters.

Mentions H. C. Watson’s view of variations.

Man has destroyed more species than he has created varieties.

Variations are centrifugal because the chances are a million to one that identity of form once lost will return.

In the human race, we find no reversion "that would lead us to confound a man with his ancestors".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [11 May – 3 Dec 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 205.5: 217 (Letters), DAR 47: 214
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3036

To T. H. Huxley    20 March [1860]


Invites THH to join Hooker at Down on 5 April.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  20 Mar [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 160)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3093

To Herbert Spencer   23 [February 1860]


HS put the case of selection strikingly and clearly in his article [Anonymous, "A theory of population, deduced from the general law of animal fertility", Westminster Rev. 57 (1852): 468–501]. Of CD’s numerous private critics only HS has rendered the philosophy fairly: his argument is an hypothesis that explains groups of facts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  23 [Feb 1860]
Classmark:  University of London, Senate House Library (MS. 791/51)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3126

To J. D. Hooker   19 [June 1860]


CD writes of his admiration for pollination contrivances in Gymnadenia. Ask George Bentham whether this plant should be removed from genus Orchis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  19 [June 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 69 (EH 88206052)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3290

To A. D. Bartlett   24 August [1860]


Sends copy of Origin.

Discusses stripes on hybrid of donkey and wild ass.

Will let ADB know if lady consents to sending rabbits to [Zoological] Gardens.

Asks about gestation of Canidae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Abraham Dee Bartlett
Date:  24 Aug [1860]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4273
Document type
letter (479)
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Hooker, J. D. (61)
Lyell, Charles (56)
Huxley, T. H. (31)
Gray, Asa (29)
Oliver, Daniel (26)
Murray, John (b) (18)
Henslow, J. S. (13)
Cresy, Edward, Jr (11)
Bronn, H. G. (9)
Unidentified (8)
Lubbock, John (7)
More, A. G. (7)
Tegetmeier, W. B. (7)
Williams & Norgate (7)
Higgins, John (6)
Darwin, W. E. (5)
Drummond, James (a) (5)
Fox, W. D. (5)
Innes, J. B. (5)
Miller, W. H. (5)
Sclater, P. L. (5)
Bookseller. (4)
Gardeners’ Chronicle (4)
Murray, Andrew (4)
Rodwell, J. M. (4)
Carpenter, W. B. (3)
Harvey, W. H. (3)
Masters, M. T. (3)
Pictet de la Rive, F. J. (3)
Quatrefages de Bréau, Armand de Quatrefages (3)
Spencer, Herbert (3)
Thwaites, G. H. K. (3)
Watson, H. C. (3)
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Wallace, A. R. (2)
Wallich, G. C. (2)
Waterhouse, G. R. (2)
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Boott, Francis (1)
Cottage Gardener (1)
Dana, J. D. (1)
Darwin, E. A. (1)
Entomologist’s Weekly Intelligencer (1)
Eyton, T. C. (1)
Fawcett, Henry (1)
Galton, Francis (1)
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Royal College of Surgeons (1)
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Victoria, queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and empress of India (1)
Watkins, Frederick (1)
Way, Albert (1)
Wedgwood, Elizabeth (1)
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Whewell, William (1)
Wollaston, T. V. (1)
secretary of Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (1)
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