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To Charles Lyell   10 April [1860]

Summary

W. B. Carpenter’s review of Origin [in Br. & Foreign Med.-Chir. Rev. 25 (1860): 367–404] "very good and well balanced, but not brilliant".

"There is a brilliant review by Huxley" [Westminster Rev. 17 (1860): 541–70].

Asa Gray sends good case of selection producing black pigs in Virginia.

Great blow to CD that CL cannot admit potency of natural selection.

Owen’s review in Edinburgh Review [111 (1860): 487–532] "extremely malignant, clever".

Patrick Matthew has published extract in Gardeners’ Chronicle [7 Apr 1860] from his Naval timber and arboriculture [1831], a complete but not developed anticipation of natural selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.206)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2754

To H. G. Bronn   10 April [1860]

Summary

Has received copies of translation of Origin. Thanks HGB for undertaking it.

Comments on review by F. J. Pictet ["Sur l’origine de l’espèce, par Charles Darwin: analyse et critique",Arch. Sci. Phys. & Nat. n.s. 7 (1860): 231–55].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Georg Bronn
Date:  10 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2755

To Williams & Norgate   10 April [1860]

Summary

Asks Williams & Norgate to forward one copy of the German translation of Origin (Bronn trans. 1860) to Jan van der Hoeven, and another to Jacob Moleschott.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  10 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  Alexander Autographs (dealers), 20 February 2005, Lot 273
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2755F

To T. H. Huxley   11 April [1860]

Summary

On THH’s lecture at Royal Institution ["On species and races, and their origin", Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 3 (1858–62): 195–200]. Praises eloquence of his conclusion.

Has sent first part of German translation of Origin to THH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  11 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 113)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2756

To H. G. Bronn   13 April [1860]

Summary

Thanks HGB for sending copies of his Untersuchungen [1858] and Morphologische Studien [1858] and for a portrait.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Georg Bronn
Date:  13 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.207)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2757

To J. D. Hooker   13 [April 1860]

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Summary

Sends a letter concerning priority [of Patrick Matthew] for JDH to read and post.

Angered at Owen’s review.

Huxley’s Royal Institution lecture ends well.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 [Apr 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 48
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2758

To M. T. Masters   13 April [1860]

Summary

Discusses crosses in sweetpeas and the difference between monstrosities and slight variations. Discusses peloric flowers.

Thanks for correction about furze.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Date:  13 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 146
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2759

To T. H. Huxley   14 April [1860]

Summary

On THH’s "Deep-sea soundings in the North Atlantic" ["Report on the examination of specimens of bottom" in Deep-sea soundings made in H.M.S. "Cyclops", Lieut. Commander J. Dayman (1858)]. Suggests further investigations be made of deposits of calcareous organisms.

THH’s "extinguished theologians lie about the cradle of every science" ["The origin of species", Westminster Rev. 17 (1860): 541–70].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  14 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 115)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2760

To Charles Lyell   15 April [1860]

Summary

Has resolved not to correct Owen’s misrepresentations in his review of Origin.

Discusses at length the theological implications of natural selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  15 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.208)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2761

From Thomas Stewardson    16 April 1860

Summary

CD elected correspondent of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.

Author:  Thomas Stewardson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Apr 1860
Classmark:  DAR 229: 3, 230: 4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2761A

To W. B. Tegetmeier   17 April [1860]

Summary

Sends queries for "Fanciers"

and asks about the mating of the queen bee.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  17 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2762

To J. D. Hooker   18 [April 1860]

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Summary

What a base dog Owen is for praising his own work in reviewing Origin [anonymously].

J. H. Balfour is narrow-minded.

CD cannot understand pollination of Goodenia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  18 [Apr 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 49
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2763

From J. D. Hooker   [20 April 1860]

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Summary

CD’s observations on curved styles read well. JDH seeks morphological rationale of curvature in the position of nectaries.

He has avoided lecturing to Royal Family’s children at Buckingham Palace.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [20 Apr 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 139–40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2764

To T. H. Huxley   [after 20 April 1860]

Summary

Asks whether THH had by mistake taken the National Review containing W. B. Carpenter’s review.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [after 20 Apr 1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 255)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2765A

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   [13 April 1860]

Summary

CD acknowledges that Patrick Matthew, in his appendix to Naval timber and arboriculture (1831), anticipated by many years CD’s explanation of the origin of species by natural selection. CD was ignorant of the work. If another edition of Origin is called for, CD will insert a notice to the foregoing effect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [13 Apr 1860]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 21 April 1860, pp. 362–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2766

To Asa Gray   25 April [1860]

Summary

Origin reviews. Is annoyed at Richard Owen’s malignity [Edinburgh Rev. 111 (1860): 487–532].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  25 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2767

To J. D. Hooker   26 April [1860]

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Summary

CD intrigued by the pollination mechanism of Leschenaultia formosa.

CD interested in Thomas Bell’s rumour that Owen avows his review.

Curved styles and their relation to pollination.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2769

To J. D. Hooker   27 April [1860]

Summary

Sends list of plants with asymmetry in nectar-secreting surfaces and pistils bent in that direction. Shows insect agency so important that structure has changed. Asks for contrary or confirming examples and that request be passed on to Daniel Oliver.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 67 (EH 88206050)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2770

To Charles Lyell   27 and 28 April [1860]

Summary

Thanks CL for loan of paper by J. S. Newberry ["Notes on the ancient vegetation of N. America", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 29 (1860): 208–18].

Mentions reviews of the Origin.

Discusses evolution of the domestic dog, especially with respect to the views of Owen, Pallas, and Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire.

Mentions W. B. Carpenter’s views on taxonomy.

Discusses hybridisation of plants and animals.

Comments on progress in human evolution.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  27 and 28 Apr 1860
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.209)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2771

To Andrew Murray   28 April [1860]

Summary

Has read MS of AM’s review [of Origin, read at Edinburgh Royal Society, 20 Feb 1860]; has no complaints. Has never heard of a hostile reviewer’s doing so kind and generous an action [as sending his MS for CD’s criticism?]. Sends some remarks on details.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Andrew Dickson (Andrew) Murray
Date:  28 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  Dartmouth College Library (MSS 000566), and R. D. Pyrah (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2772
Document type
letter (44)
Date
1860
04
01 (4)
02 (1)
03 (2)
04 (2)
06 (1)
07 (4)
09 (4)
10 (3)
11 (1)
13 (4)
14 (1)
15 (1)
16 (1)
17 (1)
18 (1)
20 (2)
25 (3)
26 (1)
27 (2)
28 (4)
30 (1)
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