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Darwin Correspondence Project
"Darwin C R" in search-correspondent [X]
1860::04 in date [X]
Masters, M. T. in correspondent [X]
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To Maxwell Tylden Masters   7 April [1860]


Much interested in MTM’s lecture at Royal Institution ["On the relation between the abnormal and normal formations in plants", Notes Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 3 (1860): 223–7].

Asks for information about crossing of varieties of peas. Describes his own experimental results: "the offspring out of the same pod, instead of being intermediate, was very nearly like the two pure parents; yet in one, there was a trace of the cross & the next generation showed still more plainly their mongrel origins".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Date:  7 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  The New York Public Library. Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations. The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2749

To M. T. Masters   13 April [1860]


Discusses crosses in sweetpeas and the difference between monstrosities and slight variations. Discusses peloric flowers.

Thanks for correction about furze.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Date:  13 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 146
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2759

To M. T. Masters   25 April [1860]


Glad to hear of MTM’s papers [? "On a peloria and semidouble flower of Ophrys aranifera, Huds.", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 207–11 and "Observations on the morphology and anatomy of the genus Restio, Linn.", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 211–55].

CD doubts the value, for origin of species, of parallels between peloria in "distinct groups".

Gärtner proved the stigma can select its own pollen from a mixture of foreign pollens. But much evidence shows varieties of same species are prepotent over a plant’s own pollen.

MTM’s father [William] believes that variation goes on for a long time once it has commenced.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Date:  25 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School Archives (SR/Darwin box 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4818
Document type
letter (3)
Darwin, C. R. (3)
Masters, M. T.[X]
07 (1)
13 (1)
25 (1)