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To ?   25 [April 1860?]


August Laugel has sent him a copy of his review [of Origin] in Revue des Deux-Mondes [26 (1860): 644–71].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  25 [Apr 1860?]
Classmark:  Quaritch (dealers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2768

To Miss Holland   [April 1860]


Asks for information about birds eating berries of a mountain-ash.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Miss Holland
Date:  [Apr 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2395

To Williams and Norgate   1 April [1860]


Thanks for information about French dictionaries.

Asks that Westminster Review [of Apr 1860] be sent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  1 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  Swiss National Library, Helvetic Archives (SLA-Rhyn-06-d/02)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2739

To G. R. Waterhouse   1 April [1860]


Has no drone cells in collection of honeycombs. Discusses construction of cells by bees and ability of bees to judge distances in constructing comb.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Robert Waterhouse
Date:  1 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  The Natural History Museum (General Special Collections MSS DAR 7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2740

To F. J. Pictet de la Rive   1 April [1860]


Thanks FJP for his review which CD has received and read. There have been many reviews in England opposed to CD but FJP’s is "the single one which seems … perfectly fair & just & candid". The only difference between them is that CD "attaches much more weight to the explanation of facts, & somewhat less weight to the difficulties" than FJP. "I always jump at any theory which groups & explains facts".

Would be proud to send FJP a copy of his Journal of researches.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  François Jules Pictet de la Rive
Date:  1 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  Bibliothèque de Genève (MS. fr. 1651, ff. 10–11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2741

To J. S. Henslow   2 April [1860]


Reminds JSH to send "sketch & account of the wasp’s comb in transitional state from horizontal to vertical, & the country whence procured".

Asks for information on spread of Anacharis [Elodea].

Sedgwick [in criticism of Origin] was not very fair, but Murray says it is splendid for selling copies to "the unfortunate students".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  2 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A65–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2742

To Asa Gray   3 April [1860]


Thinks AG’s review [of Origin] will aid much in making people think about subject.

Has been savagely and unfairly reviewed by Adam Sedgwick in the Spectator [24 Mar 1860],

but thinks F. J. Pictet’s review in opposition ["Sur l’origine de l’espèce", Arch. Sci. Phys. & Nat. n.s. 7 (1860): 231–55] a very fair one.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  3 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (47)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2743

To John Murray   4 April [1860]


Has not yet read Huxley’s review of Origin in Westminster Review [Apr 1860].

F. J. Pictet has published an excellent review, though opposed to CD, in Bibliothèque Universelle de Genève [Mar 1860].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  4 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 76)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2745

To Frederick Smith   4 April [1860]


Variations in sizes of bees’ cells.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederick Smith
Date:  4 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  H. R. Glennie (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2746

To W. B. Carpenter   6 April [1860]


Comments enthusiastically on WBC’s review ["The theory of development in nature", Br. & Foreign Med.-Chir. Rev. 25 (1860): 367–404].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Date:  6 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 261.6: 5 (EH 88205922)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2747

To Albert Way   7 April [1860]


Asks AW about archaeological evidence concerning the first appearance of dray horses.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albert Way
Date:  7 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.205)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2748

To Maxwell Tylden Masters   7 April [1860]


Much interested in MTM’s lecture at Royal Institution ["On the relation between the abnormal and normal formations in plants", Notes Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 3 (1860): 223–7].

Asks for information about crossing of varieties of peas. Describes his own experimental results: "the offspring out of the same pod, instead of being intermediate, was very nearly like the two pure parents; yet in one, there was a trace of the cross & the next generation showed still more plainly their mongrel origins".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Date:  7 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  The New York Public Library. Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundations. The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2749

To T. H. Huxley   9 April [1860]


Owen on the branchiae of Balanidae.

The Edinburgh Review article on the Origin [by Owen, 111 (1860): 487–532] full of misrepresentations, with a brutal attack on THH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  9 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 111)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2751

To John Murray   9 April [1860]


Asks that a copy of Origin [1860] be sent to R. A. von Kölliker.

A venomous review "manifestly by Owen" has appeared in Edinburgh Review.

Sedgwick has been fierce in Spectator, but fair and open.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  9 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.90–91)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2752

To William Marshall   9 April [1860]


Asks for information about Anacharis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Marshall
Date:  9 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 336
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2753

To a bookseller   9 April [1860]


Orders a copy of Matthew 1831 from a bookseller.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Bookseller.
Date:  9 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  Uppsala University Library: Manuscripts and Music (Waller MS alb-54:068)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2753F

To Charles Lyell   10 April [1860]


W. B. Carpenter’s review of Origin [in Br. & Foreign Med.-Chir. Rev. 25 (1860): 367–404] "very good and well balanced, but not brilliant".

"There is a brilliant review by Huxley" [Westminster Rev. 17 (1860): 541–70].

Asa Gray sends good case of selection producing black pigs in Virginia.

Great blow to CD that CL cannot admit potency of natural selection.

Owen’s review in Edinburgh Review [111 (1860): 487–532] "extremely malignant, clever".

Patrick Matthew has published extract in Gardeners’ Chronicle [7 Apr 1860] from his Naval timber and arboriculture [1831], a complete but not developed anticipation of natural selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.206)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2754

To H. G. Bronn   10 April [1860]


Has received copies of translation of Origin. Thanks HGB for undertaking it.

Comments on review by F. J. Pictet ["Sur l’origine de l’espèce, par Charles Darwin: analyse et critique",Arch. Sci. Phys. & Nat. n.s. 7 (1860): 231–55].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Georg Bronn
Date:  10 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2755

To Williams & Norgate   10 April [1860]


Asks Williams & Norgate to forward one copy of the German translation of Origin (Bronn trans. 1860) to Jan van der Hoeven, and another to Jacob Moleschott.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  10 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  Alexander Autographs (dealers), 20 February 2005, Lot 273
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2755F

To T. H. Huxley   11 April [1860]


On THH’s lecture at Royal Institution ["On species and races, and their origin", Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 3 (1858–62): 195–200]. Praises eloquence of his conclusion.

Has sent first part of German translation of Origin to THH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  11 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 113)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2756
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