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From James Lamont   [23 February 1860]



Believes the British and Norwegian species of red grouse are merely strongly marked varieties of the same species.

Writes of the effect of importing a few brace of a wilder breed of grouse into Argyleshire and of their change in territory since 1846.

His explanation of game becoming "wilder": he thinks it is due to a difference in their enemies – man replacing hawks leads to flight replacing cowering.

Author:  James Lamont
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [23 Feb 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 47: 150–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2710

To A. C. Ramsay   23 February [1860]


Pleased ACR likes Origin. Every geological believer is most important. A long, stiff battle is ahead for the new doctrine.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Andrew Crombie Ramsay
Date:  23 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 261.9: 2 (EH 88205975)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2711

To W. B. Tegetmeier   24 [February? 1860]


Discusses poultry crosses, "what a hopelessly difficult subject is that of inheritance!" Gives details of some pigeon crosses he made; cannot positively recall which produced the blue bird.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  24 [Feb? 1860]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2712

To Asa Gray   24 February [1860]


Last sheets of AG’s review of Origin have arrived. CD’s comments and criticisms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  24 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (23)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2713

To Charles Lyell   25 February [1860]


Comments on CL’s reaction to the Origin. Mentions reactions of other scientists.

Discusses fertility of Aspicarpa.

Criticises Herbert Spencer’s views on population.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  25 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.201)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2714

To J. D. Hooker   26 [February 1860]



Applauds JDH’s reply [25 Feb 1860] to W. H. Harvey in Gardeners’ Chronicle.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 [Feb 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 43
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2715

To J. D. Hooker   [26 February or 4 March 1860]



Asks JDH for some Goodenia.

Suggests Daniel Oliver try to cross Mimosa, noted for sterility.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [26 Feb or 4 Mar] 1860
Classmark:  DAR 115: 44
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2716

From Joseph Beete Jukes   27 February 1860


Believes in the "perfect indefiniteness & frequently the vast length of the interval" between consecutive geological formations. Thus has little respect for arguments against CD based on the absence of transitional forms in the geological record. States that species found through series of beds do vary: some Silurian species have many synonyms which are really varieties of greatly differing ages. CD’s theory accounts for the progressive inprovement, multiplication and increase in complexity that can be seen, but which may often be only relative.

Author:  Joseph Beete Jukes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Feb 1860
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal V, pp. 125–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2716A

From Francis Boott   29 February 1860


Returns paper by Asa Gray [? "Review of Darwin’s theory", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 29 (1860): 153–84].

Greatly admires Origin.

Can follow effects of natural selection in Carex, but when CD brings millions of years into play, he is like Church which demands faith. FB cannot believe in divinity of Christ, resurrection, or miracles.

Author:  Francis Boott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Feb 1860
Classmark:  DAR 98 (ser. 2): 27–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2717

To Herbert Spencer   23 [February 1860]


HS put the case of selection strikingly and clearly in his article [Anonymous, "A theory of population, deduced from the general law of animal fertility", Westminster Rev. 57 (1852): 468–501]. Of CD’s numerous private critics only HS has rendered the philosophy fairly: his argument is an hypothesis that explains groups of facts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  23 [Feb 1860]
Classmark:  University of London, Senate House Library (MS. 791/51)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3126

From George Robert Waterhouse   [February 1860]



It is not true that all the fossil cave bears are of the same species.

Author:  George Robert Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Feb 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 47: 152
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2674

To Asa Gray   1 February [1860]


CD is glad there is to be an American edition of Origin printed from the corrected 2d English edition.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  1 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (44)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2676

To Neil Arnott   16 February [1860?]


Discusses NA’s pamphlet on human progress. Suggests making it a book [A survey of human progress (1861)].

Comments on study of dead languages.

Denies that animals are "governed only by selfish motives".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Neil Arnott
Date:  16 Feb [1860?]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2677

To Richard Kippist?   1 February [1860]


CD is sending some books by carrier. Requests that he be given the 1st and also the 10th editions of Vestiges of creation [1844, 1853], and also the 2d edition of Baden Powell’s Unity of worlds [1856]. "No other editions will be of any service." [See Origin (1861), "Historical sketch".]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Kippist
Date:  1 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  Gallery of History (1997)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2678

To T. H. Huxley   2 [February 1860]


H. G. Bronn offers to superintend a German translation of Origin.

Bronn has reviewed Origin [Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie (1860), p. 112].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  2 [Feb 1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 80)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2679

To Herbert Spencer   2 February [1860]


Has prepared a historical sketch [of writers on origin of species] for foreign editions of Origin. It includes HS. He was too ill to provide it for the 1st ed.

Sorry Murray has not sent HS his copy of Origin, as he was instructed.

Huxley will put CD and E. A. Darwin down for HS’s gigantic [publishing] programme. Suggests Dr Drysdale be approached about it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  2 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  University of London, Senate House Library (MS.791/47)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2680

To John Murray   3 February [1860]


Has not yet obtained information for the most important correction for Journal of researches.

Has told P. T. A. Talandier that JM will declare that CD has full authority to give him right and profit of translation of Origin. Unless he hears by return, CD assumes JM does not object.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  3 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.86–87)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2681

To J. S. Henslow   3 February [1860]


Thanks for L. Jenyns’ very sensible letter [missing].

Will be delighted to see JSH whenever he can come.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  3 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2682

From Philip Lutley Sclater   [3? February 1860]



Lists land birds of Galapagos and discusses their distribution on mainland of S. America.

Author:  Philip Lutley Sclater
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3? Feb 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 289
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2683

To P. L. Sclater   4 February [1860]


Thanks PLS for list of Galapagos birds.

Mentions note he will add to Journal [of researches (1860)]

and correction he will make in Origin [3d ed. (1861)].

Asks PLS about variability in "abnormal parts of birds".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Philip Lutley Sclater
Date:  4 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.195)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2684
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