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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To ?   [1860 or later?]


Is "almost certain" plant is Menispermum canadense.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860 or later?]
Classmark:  Glenbow Museum
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13875

To ?   [1860 or later?]


CD’s health remains bad and as he grows older he becomes weaker.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860 or later]
Classmark:  Wellcome Collection (MS.7781/1–32)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13876

To ?   [1860 or later]


Asserts that if his views [in the Origin] are in the main right, palaeontology does not give a fair picture of the forms that have peopled the earth, and [fossil] collections are a mere chance gathering of a few forms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860 or later]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2625

To ?   [1860–82?]


Sends photograph in case recipient collects them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860–82?]
Classmark:  J. A. Stargardt (dealer) (catalogue 681, 28 and 29 June 2005)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3052F

To J. T. Smith   4 January 1860


Remembers reading Smith’s memoir in Geological Transactions on the anomalous nature of Ventriuculidae. Asks for a copy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joshua Toulmin Smith
Date:  4 Jan 1860
Classmark:  Indiana University, The Lilly Library (Sieveking mss)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2637F

To H. C. Watson   [5–11 January 1860]


Discusses the possibility of "convergence" occurring; believes it could be only very limited.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Date:  [5–11 Jan 1860]
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal V, pp. 77–87; DAR 47 (ser. 2): 136a (verso)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2639

To Thomas Bridges   6 January 1860


Queries on expression among Fuegians and Patagonians.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Bridges
Date:  6 Jan 1860
Classmark:  DAR 185: 72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2640

To William Benjamin Carpenter   6 January [1860]


WBC’s review [of Origin, Natl Rev. 10 (1860): 188–214] will do great good. It "turns the flanks of theological opposers" capitally.

Asks for information about cuckoo eggs and West Indian sheep.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Date:  6 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 261.6: 4 (EH 88205921)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2641

From Joshua Toulmin Smith   6 January 1860


Sends a copy of his Ventriculidae [of the Chalk (1848)]. This group, he feels, is well represented by CD’s plate of graduating species [Origin, ch. 4].

Author:  Joshua Toulmin Smith
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan 1860
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 32.ii (EH 88206084)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2642

To Asa Gray   7 January [1860]


Comments on AG’s memoir on Japanese plants [see 2599]; relationship of Japanese flora to N. American.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  7 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2645

To T. H. Huxley   9 January [1860]


Sends ticket to pigeon show.

A quotation from Erasmus Darwin’s Zoonomia [1794, 1796] shows that he anticipated Lamarck.

G. Grote impressed by Times review [26 Dec 1859, p. 8].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  9 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 96)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2646

To Charles Lyell   10 January [1860]


Comments on corrections [in Origin, 2d ed. (1860)], especially on use of Wallace’s name.

Discusses human evolution with respect to CL’s work. Cites expression as a source of evidence.

Andrew Murray’s criticisms of the Origin involving blind insects in caves [Edinburgh New Philos. J. n.s. 11 (1860): 141–51].

Humorously describes human ancestors.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.191)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2647

To T. H. Huxley   11 January [1860]


On the problem of want of sterility in crosses of domestic varieties. Refers to discussion in Origin, pp. 267–72 ["Fertility of varieties when crossed"]. We do not know precise cause of sterility in species.

Andrew Murray has attacked Origin [see 2647].

H. C. Watson objects to natural selection on grounds of limitless diversification of species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  11 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 98)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2649

To Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire   12 January [1860]


Very pleased with IGStH’s approval [of Origin]. Will be proud to place IGStH’s Résumé des lecons sur la question de l’espèce (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1851) alongside his other works in his library.

Grateful for his offer to look over the difficult passages in Origin for a translator.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
Date:  12 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Archives de l’Académie des sciences, Paris (63 J Fonds Gabriel Bertrand)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2649F

To Charles Lyell   14 January [1860]


Review of Origin in Gardeners’ Chronicle [31 Dec 1859].

Criticises views of J. G. Jeffreys on non-migration of shells. Cites case of Galapagos shells.

Mentions Edward Forbes’s theory of submerged continental extensions. Cites Hooker’s [introductory] essay [in Flora Tasmaniae (1860)] for evidence against any recent connection between Australia and New Zealand.

Discusses Huxley’s views of hybrid sterility.

Questions whether Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire believed in species change. Mentions views of Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire.

The distribution of cave insects.

CD’s study of man.

The problems of locating French and German translators.

Huxley’s criticism of Owen’s views on human classification.

The sale of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  14 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.192)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2650

To J. D. Hooker   14 [January 1860]



CD has learned from Lyell that JDH reviewed Origin in Gardeners’ Chronicle writing in Lindley’s style.

Lyell is working on man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 [Jan 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2651

To Edward Cresy   15 January [1860]


P. T. A. Talandier wants to translate Origin into French. Talandier gave Louis Blanc as a referee. Could Mrs Cresy, who knows Blanc, find out what he thinks of Talandier?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Cresy, Jr
Date:  15 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Private collection
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2652

To Armand de Quatrefages   15 January [1860]


Asks if Quatrefages has found anyone to translate Origin into French, because P. T. A. Talandier, although not a naturalist, wishes to do so.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau
Date:  15 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Archives de l’Académie des sciences, Paris (75 J 837 Fonds Alfred Lacroix)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2652F

To Williams and Norgate   16 January [1860]


Orders J. E. Tennent’s work on Ceylon [Sir James Emerson, afterwards Tennent, Ceylon, an account of the island, physical, historical, and topographical (1859)], and Richard Owen’s Classification and distribution of Mammalia [1859].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  16 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2653

To Baden Powell   18 January [1860]


CD is pleased by BP’s appreciative opinion of Origin. He never intended to claim that he originated the doctrine that species have not been independently created. The only novelty in his work is the attempt to explain how species became modified and how the theory of descent explains large classes of facts. If he has taken anything from BP, he has done so unconsciously. Gives names of those he would have mentioned in any account of authors who maintained that species have not been separately created.

CD greatly admires BP’s Philosophy of creation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Baden Powell
Date:  18 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (Quentin Keynes collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2654
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