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From John Pearson   23 November 1858

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Summary

Refers to CD’s article "Fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers" in Gardeners’ Chronicle [Collected papers 2: 19–25] and asks how forced beans flower in winter when no insect is on the wing.

Author:  John Pearson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Nov 1858
Classmark:  DAR 77: 148
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2370

To J. D. Hooker   24–5 November [1858]

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Summary

Praises JDH’s Australian introduction.

Disputes JDH’s emphasis on SE. and SW. Australian flora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24-5 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 255
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2371

To James Egan   25 November [1858]

Summary

Thanks JE for information about striped horses.

Says John Lindley wants to know about Hungarian horticulture.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Egan
Date:  25 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.161)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2372

To Herbert Spencer   25 November [1858]

Summary

Thanks for HS’s Essays: [scientific, political, and speculative, vol. 1 (1858)]. Admires his general argument for the development theory.

CD is preparing an abstract on change of species. He treats subject as a naturalist, not from a general point of view. Otherwise he might have quoted HS’s argument to great advantage.

CD particularly liked articles on music and style. Expression is a favourite topic with CD. Agrees all expression is biological.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  25 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  University of London, Senate House Library (MS.791/41)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2373

From Samuel Wells   25 November 1858

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Summary

Replies to CD’s question on whether beans in first or second year were planted near any other varieties.

Author:  Samuel Wells
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Nov 1858
Classmark:  DAR 77: 146
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2374

To W. B. Tegetmeier   27 [November 1858]

Summary

"I thank you much for your note. The object, of course, is what you say. I did not guess that I shd have to pay so much per hen to Baker & the experiment would not be at all worth such a sum. I have not a single hen worth sending to Steven’s. If it really will not cost you much trouble, & you could get me some Hens & a young Spanish cock of pure breed . . . I will try to experiment and shall be very heartily obliged to you". CD mentions satisfactory local hens of a particular breed and an experiment being conducted on "Silver Barbs [with] black wing bars & white rump or bar at end of tail".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  27 [Nov 1858]
Classmark:  Scriptorium (dealers) (1982)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2375

To T. H. Huxley   1 December [1858]

Summary

Has had some misgivings about the memorial but now thinks his fears were vain and cowardly. Regrets R. I. Murchison was not told in advance. His low opinion of the Government and B. Disraeli.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  1 Dec [1858]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 250)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2376

To J. D. Hooker   3 December [1858]

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Summary

Examining JDH’s list. CD struck by how many plants are common to Europe, S. America, and Australia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Dec [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 256
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2377

To John Higgins   8 December 1858

Summary

Sends receipt for £250 6s. 2d.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  8 Dec 1858
Classmark:  Dominic Winter Auctioneers (2 October 2019, lot 258)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2377F

To W. E. Darwin   [9 December 1858]

Summary

Approves of WED’s moving into CD’s old rooms [at Christ’s College]. Gives fatherly advice on Cambridge’s temptation to idleness. Christmas plans.

Health poor of late.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [9 Dec 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 92: A18, A25–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2379

To Walter Elliot   12 December [1858]

Summary

Thanks WE for an oriental treatise on pigeons, a paper on poultry, and specimens.

Asks about stripes on shoulders and legs of horses and donkeys.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Walter Elliot
Date:  12 Dec [1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.162)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2380

From T. H. Huxley   17 December 1858

Summary

K. E. von Baer’s view of the air bladder of fishes.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Dec 1858
Classmark:  DAR 166: 289
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2381

From J. D. Hooker   22 December 1858

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Summary

Would appreciate loan of CD’s chapter on transmigration across tropics, which may help with the difficulties of Australian distribution.

Still regards plant types as older than animal types.

The Cape of Good Hope and Australian temperate floras cannot be connected by the highlands of Abyssinia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Dec 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 128–30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2382

To W. B. Tegetmeier   24 December [1858]

Summary

Thanks for some poultry breeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  24 Dec [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2383

To J. D. Hooker   24 December [1858]

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Summary

Wide-ranging species more "improved" than relics in small areas because they exist in large numbers and thus are subject to intense competition.

His abstract is 330 folio pages long so far.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 Dec [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 257
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2384

From J. D. Hooker   [26 December 1858]

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Summary

JDH cannot abide CD’s connection of wide-ranging species and "highness". Australian flora contradicts this in many ways.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Dec 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 125–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2385

To J. D. Hooker   27 [November 1858]

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Summary

Memorial concerning British Museum collection.

Relation of Cape of Good Hope and Australian flora a great trouble. CD’s high estimation of importance of glacial period for distribution.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  27 [Nov 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 258
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2386

From Andrew Crombie Ramsay   29 December 1858

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Summary

Responds to CD’s queries about the thickness of various geological formations. [See Origin, p. 284.]

Author:  Andrew Crombie Ramsay
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Dec 1858
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 398
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2387

To J. D. Hooker   31 December [1858]

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Summary

Replies at length to JDH’s worried reaction to his comments on lowness of Australian plants. CD distinguishes between "competitive highness", i.e., which fauna would be exterminated and which survive if two faunas were placed in competition, and ordinary "highness" of classification.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  31 Dec [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2388

To John Lubbock   [August–September 1858]

Summary

Variations in the structure of Pelargonium flowers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  [Aug–Sept 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 24 (EH 88206473)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2390
Document type
letter (209)
Date
1858
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