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To ?   26 March [1858?]

Summary

Returns the Greenland catalogue, which he has kept too long.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  26 Mar [1858?]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.34)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2246

To a librarian   [1858 or later]

Summary

Will return Benjamin Jowett’s Epistles of St Paul (Jowett 1855) and requests several books, of which the latest is Hugh Miller’s Cruise of the Betsey (Miller 1858).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1858 or later]
Classmark:  Yale University: Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library (James Marshall and Marie-Louise Osborn Collection: Edward G. and Hortense R. Levy Autograph Collection, Part 2 (OSB MSS 137) Box 25, folder 1188)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2199F

To W. D. Fox   13 November [1858]

Summary

Has suggested WDF’s name to Hooker and Henslow, who are sending a circular for aid to John Ralfs.

Is working steadily at his abstract, hopes to publish in spring.

Asks if WDF has seen a donkey with double shoulder stripe; also, has he seen a black greyhound with tan feet and a tan spot over each eye? "Such must exist because theory tells me it ought!"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  13 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 119)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2360

To J. D. Hooker   14 November [1858]

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Summary

Hermaphrodite trees are enough to "knock" CD down. Can JDH observe Eucalyptus to see whether pollen and stigma mature at same time?

JDH’s facts showing European plants are more common in southern Australia than in South America are disturbing because they are improbable on CD’s views of migration.

JDH said he would give examples of Australian forms that have migrated north along the mountains of the Malay Archipelago.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 254
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2361

To J. D. Hooker   [14 November 1858]

Summary

An enclosure sent with the letter to JDH, 14 November [1858] (Correspondence vol. 7) - questions and comments on lists of European species found in south-west Australia and Tasmania, and European genera found in Australia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [14 Nov 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 50: E55–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2361F

To W. B. Tegetmeier   16 November [1858]

Summary

Wants WBT’s advice on poultry breeding experiments. Are certain birds true to their kind, and what should he pay for them?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  16 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2362

From Samuel Wells   17 November 1858

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Summary

Reports on difference between first and second plantings of beans.

Author:  Samuel Wells
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Nov 1858
Classmark:  DAR 77: 147
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2363

To Asa Gray   18 November [1858]

Summary

Wishes to know whether differences in constitution (such as disease susceptibility) are related to differences in complexion. "Liability to such a disease as yellow fever would answer my question in the best possible way."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  18 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (19)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2364

To the Chancellor of the Exchequer   18 November 1858

Summary

CD and eight zoologists and botanists publish a memorial on "the arrangements by which National Collections in Natural History can be best adapted to the advancement of science and its general diffusion among the Public".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Chancellor of the Exchequer
Date:  18 Nov 1858
Classmark:  Parliamentary Accounts and Papers, Finance; banking; revenue, &c., Session 3 December 1857–2 August 1858, 33: 499–503; Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 27 November 1858, p. 861
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2365

From William Allport Leighton   19 November 1858

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Summary

Sends an account of different colours and shapes of seeds raised from ordinary seeds of scarlet runner. [See Cross and self-fertilisation, p. 151.]

Author:  William Allport Leighton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Nov 1858
Classmark:  DAR 77: 149–51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2366

From J. D. Hooker   [20 November 1858]

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Summary

At work on the introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae.

Discusses the effects of climate and geography on "vegetable strife".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [20 Nov 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 50: E1–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2367

To W. A. Leighton   21 November [1858]

Summary

Thanks WAL for specimens and observations [on scarlet runner beans]. CD is perplexed whether to account for the changes as due to simple variation or to crossing. The information will be used when he finally comes to a conclusion on the subject [see Cross and self-fertilisation, p. 151].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Allport Leighton
Date:  21 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 112: B97–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2368

To J. D. Hooker   [23 November 1858]

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Summary

CD declines to write Lyell éloge [for Copley Medal] because of his ill health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [23 Nov 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 251
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2369

From John Pearson   23 November 1858

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Summary

Refers to CD’s article "Fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers" in Gardeners’ Chronicle [Collected papers 2: 19–25] and asks how forced beans flower in winter when no insect is on the wing.

Author:  John Pearson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Nov 1858
Classmark:  DAR 77: 148
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2370

To J. D. Hooker   24–5 November [1858]

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Summary

Praises JDH’s Australian introduction.

Disputes JDH’s emphasis on SE. and SW. Australian flora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24-5 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 255
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2371

To James Egan   25 November [1858]

Summary

Thanks JE for information about striped horses.

Says John Lindley wants to know about Hungarian horticulture.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Egan
Date:  25 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.161)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2372

To Herbert Spencer   25 November [1858]

Summary

Thanks for HS’s Essays: [scientific, political, and speculative, vol. 1 (1858)]. Admires his general argument for the development theory.

CD is preparing an abstract on change of species. He treats subject as a naturalist, not from a general point of view. Otherwise he might have quoted HS’s argument to great advantage.

CD particularly liked articles on music and style. Expression is a favourite topic with CD. Agrees all expression is biological.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  25 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  University of London, Senate House Library (MS.791/41)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2373

From Samuel Wells   25 November 1858

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Summary

Replies to CD’s question on whether beans in first or second year were planted near any other varieties.

Author:  Samuel Wells
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Nov 1858
Classmark:  DAR 77: 146
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2374

To W. B. Tegetmeier   27 [November 1858]

Summary

"I thank you much for your note. The object, of course, is what you say. I did not guess that I shd have to pay so much per hen to Baker & the experiment would not be at all worth such a sum. I have not a single hen worth sending to Steven’s. If it really will not cost you much trouble, & you could get me some Hens & a young Spanish cock of pure breed . . . I will try to experiment and shall be very heartily obliged to you". CD mentions satisfactory local hens of a particular breed and an experiment being conducted on "Silver Barbs [with] black wing bars & white rump or bar at end of tail".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  27 [Nov 1858]
Classmark:  Scriptorium (dealers) (1982)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2375

To T. H. Huxley   1 December [1858]

Summary

Has had some misgivings about the memorial but now thinks his fears were vain and cowardly. Regrets R. I. Murchison was not told in advance. His low opinion of the Government and B. Disraeli.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  1 Dec [1858]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 250)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2376
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