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To John Lubbock   [November 1858]


Praise for abstract of JL’s paper on insects ["On the ova and pseudova of insects", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 9 (1857–9): 574–83].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  [Nov 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 25 (EH 88206474)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2331

To J. D. Hooker   2 November [1858]



On moving the natural history collection of the British Museum to Kensington.

Subscription for John Ralfs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 252
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2351

To T. H. Huxley   3 November [1858]


Hooker has convinced him that move of British Museum by Government is anticipated. He is now willing to sign the memorial. Still fears for library needs, and objects to distant Kensington site. Lyell should be asked to sign.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  3 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 248)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2352

To W. E. Darwin   5 [November 1858]


Discusses matters relating to WED’s first term [at Cambridge].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  5 [Nov 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2353

To James Egan   8 November [1858]


Asks about dark stripes on shoulders and legs of Hungarian horses. Are stripes plainer in foal or adult?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Egan
Date:  8 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.160)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2354

To J. D. Hooker   9[–10] November [1858]



Lyell receives Copley Medal; CD to write notes for JDH’s éloge of Lyell.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9[–10] Nov [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 253
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2355

To J. S. Henslow   9 November [1858]


Arrangements to meet JSH at station for his visit to Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  9 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A60–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2356

To Robert Monsey Rolfe   10 November [1858]


Thanks RMR for contribution to Down charities. Declines invitation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Monsey Rolfe, 1st Baron Cranworth of Cranworth
Date:  10 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2357

From J. D. Hooker   12 November 1858



Busy with introductory essay to [The botany of the Antarctic voyage, pt III] Flora Tasmaniae [printed separately as On the flora of Australia (1859)].

Now explains greater abundance of European species in Tasmania than in Fuegia by CD’s "refrigeration" hypothesis.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 123–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2358

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   [before 13 November 1858]


Reports the decreased yield of pods resulting from excluding bees from the flowers of the kidney bean. Gives other observations suggesting the importance of bees in the fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers.

Cites cases of crosses between varieties of bean grown close together and requests observations from readers on the subject. States his belief "that is a law of nature that every organic being should occasionally be crossed with a different individual of the same species".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [before 13 Nov 1858]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 13 November 1858, pp. 828–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2359

To W. D. Fox   13 November [1858]


Has suggested WDF’s name to Hooker and Henslow, who are sending a circular for aid to John Ralfs.

Is working steadily at his abstract, hopes to publish in spring.

Asks if WDF has seen a donkey with double shoulder stripe; also, has he seen a black greyhound with tan feet and a tan spot over each eye? "Such must exist because theory tells me it ought!"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  13 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 119)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2360

To J. D. Hooker   14 November [1858]



Hermaphrodite trees are enough to "knock" CD down. Can JDH observe Eucalyptus to see whether pollen and stigma mature at same time?

JDH’s facts showing European plants are more common in southern Australia than in South America are disturbing because they are improbable on CD’s views of migration.

JDH said he would give examples of Australian forms that have migrated north along the mountains of the Malay Archipelago.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 254
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2361

To J. D. Hooker   [14 November 1858]


An enclosure sent with the letter to JDH, 14 November [1858] (Correspondence vol. 7) - questions and comments on lists of European species found in south-west Australia and Tasmania, and European genera found in Australia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [14 Nov 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 50: E55–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2361F

To W. B. Tegetmeier   16 November [1858]


Wants WBT’s advice on poultry breeding experiments. Are certain birds true to their kind, and what should he pay for them?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  16 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2362

From Samuel Wells   17 November 1858



Reports on difference between first and second plantings of beans.

Author:  Samuel Wells
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Nov 1858
Classmark:  DAR 77: 147
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2363

To Asa Gray   18 November [1858]


Wishes to know whether differences in constitution (such as disease susceptibility) are related to differences in complexion. "Liability to such a disease as yellow fever would answer my question in the best possible way."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  18 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (19)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2364

To the Chancellor of the Exchequer   18 November 1858


CD and eight zoologists and botanists publish a memorial on "the arrangements by which National Collections in Natural History can be best adapted to the advancement of science and its general diffusion among the Public".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Chancellor of the Exchequer
Date:  18 Nov 1858
Classmark:  Parliamentary Accounts and Papers, Finance; banking; revenue, &c., Session 3 December 1857–2 August 1858, 33: 499–503; Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 27 November 1858, p. 861
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2365

From William Allport Leighton   19 November 1858



Sends an account of different colours and shapes of seeds raised from ordinary seeds of scarlet runner. [See Cross and self-fertilisation, p. 151.]

Author:  William Allport Leighton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Nov 1858
Classmark:  DAR 77: 149–51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2366

From J. D. Hooker   [20 November 1858]



At work on the introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae.

Discusses the effects of climate and geography on "vegetable strife".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [20 Nov 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 50: E1–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2367

To W. A. Leighton   21 November [1858]


Thanks WAL for specimens and observations [on scarlet runner beans]. CD is perplexed whether to account for the changes as due to simple variation or to crossing. The information will be used when he finally comes to a conclusion on the subject [see Cross and self-fertilisation, p. 151].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Allport Leighton
Date:  21 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 112: B97–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2368
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