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CD memorandum   July 1857

Summary

Memorandum about £250 investment in Patent Siliceous Stone Company, owned by David Thomas Ansted and Frederick Ransome.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  unknown
Date:  July 1857
Classmark:  DAR 210.10: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2115F

To J. D. Hooker   11 September [1857]

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Summary

Representative species may complicate tabulation of varieties.

Questions for Mr Anderson about horse colouring in Norway.

Has been writing an "audacious little discussion" to show that "organic beings are not perfect, only perfect enough to struggle with their competitors".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 211; DAR 115: 73a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2140

To T. H. Huxley   15 September [1857]

Summary

Thanks for three last lectures and the account of cirripedes.

Difficulty of classifying the higher groups.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  15 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 137)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2141

From Robert Schlagintweit   25 September 1857

Summary

Gives CD further details of the fertility of the offspring from cross of a yak and Indian cow, the so-called chooboos, whose fertility he has traced to the seventh generation [see Natural selection, pp. 437–8].

Author:  Robert Schlagintweit
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept 1857
Classmark:  DAR 177: 52 (fragile)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2142

To William Walmisley Baxter   23 September [1857–9?]

Summary

The returned gloves are similar to some he has already, and he would prefer a pair with stiffer bristles.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  23 Sept [1857-9]
Classmark:  Lyon & Turnbull, Edinburgh, 4 February 2009
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2142F

To T. H. Huxley   26 September [1857]

Summary

Agassiz’s superficiality and wretched reasoning powers. But he stirred up Europe on glaciers. Lyell has been working on their effects – testing work of others.

CD believes "Natural Systems" ought to be simply genealogical. "Time will come when we shall have true genealogical trees of each great kingdom of nature."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  26 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 54)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2143

From T. H. Huxley   [before 3 October 1857]

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Summary

On classification and possibilities of a scientific morphology and zoology. CD’s "pedigree business" is important for physiology but has nothing to do with pure zoology any more than human pedigree has to do with the census. Zoological classification is a census of the animal world.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 3 Oct 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 205.5: 218
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2144

From A. R. Wallace   [27 September 1857]

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Summary

Refers to CD’s letter of "May last". ARW’s views on order of succession of species are in accordance with CD’s.

Disappointed that his paper ["On the law which has regulated the introduction of new species", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 2d ser. 16 (1855): 184–96] elicited no discussion; now ARW is trying to prove it. Paper merely states the theory.

On black jaguars breeding inter se: ARW has never heard of a parti-coloured one.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [27 Sept 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 47: 145
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2145

To W. B. Tegetmeier   29 September [1857]

Summary

Will collect no more pigeons. Is awaiting Burmese fowls’ skins coming via Berlin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  29 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2146

To W. E. Darwin   29 [October 1857]

Summary

Discusses WED’s future education, the work on the extension, and other domestic affairs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  29 [Oct 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2147

To J. D. Hooker   30 September [1857]

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Summary

C. F. Ledebour [Flora rossica (1842–53)] particularly useful for variety tabulation. Results generally favourable.

Additions to Down House.

Last two chapters of MS took six months to write.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 210
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2148

To John Lubbock   [22 November 1857]

Summary

Huxley and William Sharpey praise JL’s paper [? on Daphnia, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 147 (1857): 79–100] at Philosophical Club.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  [22 Nov 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 22 (EH 88206471)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2149

To T. H. Huxley   3 October [1857]

Summary

Thinks naturalists look for something further than Cuvier’s view of classification. Poses a theoretical problem on the classification of the races of man to prove that a genealogical system is best.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  3 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 139)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2150

To James Buckman   4 October [1857]

Summary

Asks JB to obtain information about pigeons.

Inquires where his article has been published ["On the discovery of Cnicus tuberosus at Avebury, Wilts.", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 2d ser. 20 (1857): 337–9].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Buckman
Date:  4 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  Dorset County Museum (tipped into Origin 1st ed.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2151

To J. S. Henslow   14 October [1857]

Summary

JSH’s Myosotis is beginning to sport. Asks whether some features are not odd.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  14 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2153

To J. S. Henslow   18 October [1857]

Summary

Sends details on Myosotis sports. Feels sure he could make any flower in some degree monstrous in four or five generations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  18 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A45–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2154

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   18 October [1857]

Summary

Describes his experiments with kidney beans to test the agency of bees in their fertilisation. His results suggest they are essential.

Asks what George Swayne could mean by the advantage of artificial fertilisation of early beans [Trans. Hortic. Soc. Lond. 5 (1824): 208–13].

Has observed that hive-bees, which normally suck nectar from the flower of the kidney bean, will use holes cut through the calyx by humble-bees, though the holes cannot be seen from the mouth of the flower. Suggests hive-bees see humble-bees at work and understand what they are doing and "rationally" take advantage of the shorter path to the nectar. [See also 2359.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  18 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 24 October 1857, p. 725
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2155

To J. D. Hooker   20 October [1857]

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Summary

Returns some of the systematics books borrowed from JDH. Will now take on A. P. and Alphonse de Candolle [Prodromus].

Arrangements for a visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Oct [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 212, 222c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2156

To J. D. Hooker   [23 October 1857]

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Summary

Return of books.

JDH coming to Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [23 Oct 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 214
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2157

From Bernard Peirce Brent   23 October 1857

Summary

Discusses the difficulties of breeding mules by crossing canaries and finches.

Author:  Bernard Peirce Brent
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Oct 1857
Classmark:  DAR 160: 299
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2158
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