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To J. D. Hooker   21 November [1857]

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Summary

Mrs J. S. Henslow’s illness.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Nov [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 213
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2174

To Hugh Falconer   23 November 1857

Summary

Can HF ask Col. E. Dickie [probably Col. Edward John Dickey] enclosed questions about Indian horses? [Questions relate to striped markings on the Kutch breed of horses.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  23 Nov 1857
Classmark:  DAR 144: 20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2175

To C. S. Bate   29 November [1857]

Summary

Asking for specific information about reproduction in barnacles.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Spence Bate
Date:  29 Nov [1857]
Classmark:  Bonhams (dealers) (22 October 2014)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2175F

To Asa Gray   29 November [1857]

Summary

Thanks AG for his criticisms of CD’s views; finds it difficult to avoid using the term "natural selection" as an agent.

Discusses crossing in Fumaria and barnacles.

Has received a naturally crossed kidney bean in which the seed-coat has been affected by the pollen of the fertilising plant.

Finds the rule of large genera having most varieties holds good and regards it as most important for his "principle of divergence".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  29 Nov [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (18)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2176

To George Bentham   1 December [1857]

Summary

Thanks GB for his help on naturalised plants; comments on spreading of plants.

Wants to quote GB on the names of species and varieties of Silene on which C. F. von Gärtner experimented.

Thinks GB will be disappointed in his book [Natural selection]. "It will be grievously too hypothetical."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  1 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham Correspondence, Vol. 3, Daintree–Dyer, 1830–1884, GEB/1/3: ff. 682–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2177

From J. D. Hooker   [2 December 1857]

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Summary

News of Mrs Henslow’s death.

Studying Impatiens, which bears on CD’s problems. Though genus is endemic to India, with over 100 species, CD will be glad to know they do not run into one another.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 Dec 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 178–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2178

To J. D. Hooker   4 December [1857]

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Summary

Inquiries on effect of dry heat on temperate plants for glacial chapter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 216
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2180

From J. D. Hooker   [6 December 1857]

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Summary

Finds CD’s results [of his survey of well-marked varieties from A. P. and Alphonse de Candolle’s Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis (1824–73)] "very curious and suggestive". Thinks the Labiatae will present an obstacle to him as it is a very large and distinct order with well-defined species and genera. Would like to see him tackle more volumes of Candolle’s Prodromus, as his case can only be established by evidence from mundane plants. CD should beware of generalising from local species variability. A comparison of C. C. Babington’s and G. Bentham’s [British] Floras [Babington Manual of British botany (1843, 4th ed., 1856); Bentham Handbook of British flora (1858)] would be invaluable. Suggests CD write to Ferdinand Müller and Charles Moore in Australia. Moisture favouring extension of species is important for CD’s view.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 Dec 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 195–6, DAR 47: 192
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2181

To John Higgins   9 December 1857

Summary

Acknowledges receipt of £248 2s. 1d.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  9 Dec 1857
Classmark:  Dominic Winter Auctioneers (dealers) (10 April 2019, lot 138)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2181F

To J. D. Hooker   9 December [1857]

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Summary

Survey of species with well-marked varieties: JDH’s Labiatae case a "great blow", but result is very generally consistent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 217
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2182

To E. W. V. Harcourt   13 December [1857]

Summary

Thanks for offer of pigeons, if breeding is successful; hopes to go to poultry show to see them.

Several questions about the Boz or Booz pigeon of Tunis.

If any of EWVH’s birds die and he does not want the skin, perhaps he would send it to CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward William Vernon Harcourt
Date:  13 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  Bodleian Libraries, Oxford (MS. Harcourt dep. adds. 346, fols. 258–62)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2182F

From H. C. Watson   14 December [1857]

Summary

Will shortly return CD’s list of varieties of British plants. Discusses the situations in which different varieties of species are often found and the ranges of varieties relative to those of the species.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 98: A11–12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2183

To George Bentham   15 December [1857]

Summary

For his studies on fertility of crosses, asks GB to mark a list of pairs of Cucubalus as to whether they are varieties of the same species, or distinct species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  15 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham Correspondence, Vol. 3, Daintree–Dyer, 1830–1884, GEB/1/3: f. 681
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2184

To E. W. V. Harcourt   15 December [1857]

Summary

Will not accept invitation to Hastings, or offer to send pigeons to Down.

Is looking forward to seeing pigeons at Crystal Palace poultry show.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward William Vernon Harcourt
Date:  15 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  Bodleian Libraries, Oxford (MS. Harcourt dep. adds. 346, fols. 263–4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2184F

To T. H. Huxley   16 December [1857]

Summary

THH’s catalogue [THH and R. Etheridge, A catalogue of the collection of fossils in the Museum of Practical Geology (1865), part published in 1857] best résumé he has seen of science of natural history. On classification he is not quite sure that he wholly goes along with THH. Encloses a few criticisms of THH’s preface.[enclosure survives as copy only].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  16 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 151); DAR 145: 178
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2185

From George Bentham   [16 or 17 December 1857]

Summary

Returns CD’s lists [sent with 2184]. Confusion in genera of Silene is great in continental botanic gardens. One would have to know whether C. F. v. Gärtner had the right names for species in his experiments.

Author:  George Bentham
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [16 or17 Dec 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 151
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2186

To W. D. Fox   17 December [1857]

Summary

Thanks WDF for his letter about a rabbit breed that he thinks is the Himalaya. He is particularly glad to hear of it because it breeds so true.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  17 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 105)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2187

From J. D. Hooker   [17–23 December 1857]

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Summary

Sending more Candolle volumes for survey of species with well-marked varieties.

Has begun his introduction [to Flora Tasmaniae]; will not make generalisations.

J. D. Dana’s pamphlet too metaphysical for JDH.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [17–23 Dec 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 194
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2188

To George Bentham   18 December [1857]

Summary

Thanks GB for his answers [to 2184], which were as explicit as he expected. Cucubalus viscosus and italicus are extremely sterile together; all other forms extremely fertile. Other instances of infertility found by Gärtner.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  18 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham Correspondence, Vol. 3, Daintree–Dyer, 1830–1884, GEB/1/3: f. 700a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2189

From H. C. Watson   20 December [1857]

Summary

Finds he cannot annotate CD’s list of subspecies and varieties as wanted. Mentions again his difficulties with "species"; he "cannot find the proof of species being definite and immutable whatever they may seem to be at any one time and spot".

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Dec [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 98: A13–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2190
Document type
letter (178)
Date
1857
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02 (18)
03 (10)
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