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To T. C. Eyton   9 June [1857]

Summary

Comments on TCE’s work [Catalogue of the species of birds in his collection (1856)].

Mentions African dog’s skin.

Asks about colours of horses

and about variation in tracheae of male birds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  9 June [1857]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.146)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2103

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   [before 13 June 1857]

Summary

Requests information from readers on breeding of dun or mouse-coloured ponies with a dark stripe down their backs. Must one or both parents be dun?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [before 13 June 1857]
Classmark:  Gloucestershire Archives (T. C. Morton deposit D1021/8/4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2105

To W. B. Tegetmeier   [18 June 1857]

Summary

Is glad WBT is investigating "the tail question"; hopes he will work out "down & colour point". Is much interested in runts, which seem to vary more than other breeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  [18 June 1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2108

To Asa Gray   18 June [1857]

Summary

Thanks for AG’s remarks on disjoined species. CD’s notions are based on belief that disjoined species have suffered much extinction, which is the common cause of small genera and disjoined ranges.

Discusses out-crossing in plants.

Has failed to meet with a detailed account of regular and normal impregnation in the bud. Podostemon, Subularia, and underwater Leguminosae are the strongest cases against him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  18 June [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (9a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2109

To W. B. Tegetmeier   23 June [1857]

Summary

CD anxious to examine rumpless chick 24 hours before hatching.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  23 June [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2110

To W. B. Tegetmeier   25 [June 1857]

Summary

Needs only one nearly-hatched chick.

Has all published numbers of Poultry book [1856–7].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  25 [June 1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2111

To J. D. Hooker   25 June [1857]

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Summary

Seedling leaves of gorse look like clover leaves. This is like young lions being striped. Thus, laws of animal embryology apply to plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 June [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 205
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2112

To T. C. Eyton   26 [June 1857]

Summary

Ill.

Comments on TCE’s study of birds’ bones.

His work on variation progresses.

Asks about horses with bars like zebra or ass.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  26 [June 1857]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.147)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2113

To W. B. Tegetmeier   [19 July 1857]

Summary

Has acquired some runts. Thanks WBT for information. Lists pigeons he is sending.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  [19 July 1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2115

To J. D. Hooker   1 July [1857]

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Summary

George Henslow’s curtness to JDH: "an attack of religion".

Embryonic leaves. Adaptive functions and taxonomic significance of cotyledons.

Asa Gray. Separation of sexes in U. S. trees.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 July [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 198
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2116

To J. D. Hooker   5 July [1857]

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Summary

Does JDH’s Wahlenbergia confirm CD’s law? Variations of one species assume the character of a distinct but allied species or genus.

Seed-salting: old ones float and germinate.

Owen’s "grand paper" [? J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Zool.) 2 (1858): 1–37].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 July [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 203
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2117

To T. H. Huxley   5 July [1857]

Summary

Asks THH’s opinion on embryological views of G. A. Brullé [Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 13 (1844): 484–6] and F. M. Barnéoud [Ann. des Sci. Nat. ser. 3, Bot. 6 (1846): 268–96] and on Milne-Edwards’ classification.

Has been reading John Goodsir ["On the morphological constitution of the skeleton of the vertebrate head", Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 5 (1857): 123–78].

Has embryology of bats ever been worked out?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  5 July [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 67)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2118

To Francis Galton   7 July [1857]

Summary

Encloses signed document.

"Much interested about all domestic animals of all savage nations."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Galton
Date:  7 July [1857]
Classmark:  UCL Library Services, Special Collections (GALTON/3/2/1/27)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2121

To T. H. Huxley   9 July [1857]

Summary

Thanks THH for his cautionary response on Brullé, but departs from THH in thinking that Barnéoud, if true, would shed light on Milne-Edwards’ proposition that the wider apart classes of animals are the earlier they depart from common embryonic plan.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  9 July [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 50)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2122

To John Lubbock   14 [July 1857]

Summary

Thanks JL for saving him from "a disgraceful blunder". Following their conversation he has divided the New Zealand flora as JL suggested and finds genera with four or more species are more variable than those with three or less. It will take several weeks to go back over all his material.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  14 [July 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 18 (EH88206467)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2123

To J. D. Hooker   14 July [1857]

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Summary

Asks to borrow several Floras. Must redo calculations as John Lubbock has shown him an important error.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 July [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 204
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2124

To Asa Gray   20 July [1857]

Summary

Believes species have arisen, like domestic varieties, with much extinction, and that there are no such things as independently created species. Explains why he believes species of the same genus generally have a common or continuous area; they are actual lineal descendants.

Discusses fertilisation in the bud and the insect pollination of papilionaceous flowers. His theory explains why, despite the risk of injury, cross-fertilisation is usual in the animal and vegetable kingdoms, even in hermaphrodites.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 July [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (9b)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2125

To T. C. Eyton   22 [July 1857]

Summary

Sends TCE West African dog’s skin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  22 [July 1857]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.148)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2126

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   [before 25 July 1857]

Summary

CD has saved an enormous amount of labour since he replaced the chain on his deep well with wire rope. He now asks readers whether they have had experience of saving on the weight of the bucket by using some material other than oak.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [before 25 July 1857]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 25 July 1857, p. 518
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2127

To W. B. Tegetmeier   27 July [1857]

Summary

Arrangements for delivery of pigeons and poultry to Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  27 July [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2128
Document type
letter (132)
Author
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Date
1857
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02 (15)
03 (7)
04 (9)
05 (10)
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