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To Henry Doubleday   8 January [1857]

Summary

Thanks for a kind note, and asks not to answer until better.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Doubleday
Date:  8 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  Dr Heather Whitney (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2037F

To W. H. Harvey   7 January [1857]

Summary

Thanks for information, which is just the amount he wanted.

Will not go to the BAAS meeting in Dublin: the frightful voyage deters him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Henry Harvey
Date:  7 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  Sheffield City Archives (Gatty family autograph albums X561/1/1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2037G

To J. D. Hooker   17 January [1857]

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Summary

CD will advise W. F. Daniell on collecting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 188
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2040

To T. H. Huxley   17 January [1857]

Summary

Asks THH question on flow of glaciers after ice has been fractured and fragmented.

CD had to leave Royal Society lecture [joint paper by THH and J. Tyndall, "On the structure and motions of glaciers", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 147 (1857): 327–46] before the end because of headache.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  17 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 1 (EH 88205939)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2041

To J. D. Hooker   20 January [1857]

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Summary

CD will advise Daniell not to apply for Royal Society grant.

CD’s experiment: fish fed seeds, which germinated when voided.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 189
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2042

To T. H. Huxley   3 February [1857]

Summary

Thanks THH for his response on glacial movement. Hopes Tyndall will experiment on broken ice and explain how two pieces of ice can freeze together.

Sorry to hear of THH’s row with Richard Owen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  3 Feb [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 104)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2045

To John Tyndall   4 February [1857]

Summary

CD is "as ignorant of mechanics as a pig", but glaciers have interested him greatly. Hopes to hear that JT’s experiments with ice will explain the freezing together of ice below the freezing point.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  4 Feb [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 2 (EH 88205940)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2046

To W. B. Tegetmeier   6 February [1857]

Summary

Would welcome eggs of any rumpless fowl so that he can investigate how early in development rudimentary organs are rudimentary.

Has not noticed much difference between skeletons of ducks.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  6 Feb [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2048

To Bernard Peirce Brent   7 February [1857]

Summary

Sympathises with Brent’s legal difficulties. Declines offer of a cock silk fowl, but accepts offer of a German old fashioned pouter pigeon.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Bernard Peirce Brent
Date:  7 Feb [1857]
Classmark:  Richard Brent (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2048F

To W. D. Fox   8 February [1857]

Summary

Birth of his sixth son [C. W. Darwin]. It is dreadful "to think of all the sendings to school and the professions afterwards".

CD is not well but has not the courage for water-cure again; trying mineral acids.

Working hard on the book [Natural selection]; is overwhelmed with riches in facts and interested in way facts fall into groups.

To his surprise [Helix pomatia] has withstood 14 days in salt water.

Pigeons’ skins come in from all parts of the world.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  8 Feb [1857]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 110)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2049

To Charles Lyell   11 February [1857]

Summary

Discusses a proposed expedition to Australia. Urges collecting and investigating productions of isolated islands. Recommends dredging the sea-bottom.

Mentions keeping Helix pomatia alive in sea-water.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  11 Feb [1857]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.145)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2050

To W. B. Tegetmeier   11 February [1857]

Summary

CD is sending two pairs of Persian fowl, from Hon. C. Murray.

Thanks WBT for various offers: a drake, a young silk fowl, a rumpless chick.

The German pouters are not old-fashioned ones but fancy birds, probably crosses since they do not breed true.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  11 Feb [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2051

To W. B. Tegetmeier   18 February [1857]

Summary

Has some fowls from Sir James Brooke, which WBT might like to display at Zoological Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  18 Feb [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2054

To Syms Covington   22 February 1857

Summary

Sends news of his family, Sulivan, and FitzRoy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Syms Covington
Date:  22 Feb 1857
Classmark:  Sydney Mail, 9 August 1884, p. 255
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2056

To W. D. Fox   22 February [1857]

Summary

Helix pomatia is quite healthy after 20 days’ submersion in salt water.

On peas, the evidence is on WDF’s side, but CD cannot see how they can avoid being crossed.

He is working hard, wishes he "could set less value on the bauble fame"; would work as hard, but with less gusto, if he knew his book would be published forever anonymously.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  22 Feb [1857]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 101–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2057

To Asa Gray   [after 15 March 1857]

Summary

Urges AG to generalise from his observations on the flora of the northern U. S.

Expected to find separation of sexes in trees because he believes all living beings require an occasional cross, and none is perpetually self-fertilising. The multitude of flowers of a tree would be an obstacle to cross-fertilisation unless the sexes tended to be separate.

The Leguminosae are CD’s greatest opposers; he cannot find that garden varieties ever cross. Could AG inquire of intelligent nurserymen on the subject?

Thanks AG for information on protean genera; much wants to know whether their great variability is due to their conditions of existence or is innate in them at all times and places.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  [After 15 Mar 1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2060

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   [after 28 February 1857]

Summary

Reports that he fertilised a single pale red carnation with the pollen of a crimson Spanish pink, and a Spanish pink with the pollen of the same carnation. He got seed from both crosses and raised many seedlings. There was no difference between the seedlings from reciprocal crosses, not one plant set a single seed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [after 28 Feb 1857]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 7 March 1857, p. 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2061

To Robert Patterson   10 March [1857]

Summary

Asks RP’s help in procuring a specimen of a real Irish rabbit, L. veomicule [Lepus vermicula]?.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Patterson
Date:  10 Mar [1857]
Classmark:  W. E. Praeger 1935, p. 714
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2062

To J. D. Hooker   15 March [1857]

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Summary

Separation of sexes in trees [U. S.].

Do plants offer positive evidence for "continuous land" theory?

Protean genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Mar [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 193
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2066

To J. D. Hooker   [21 March 1857]

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Summary

Ranges of species in large vs small genera: Asa Gray’s compilation fits CD’s expectation.

CD studies seedling mortality in his weed garden.

JDH’s work on Indian flora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [21 Mar 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 192a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2067
Document type
letter (132)
Author
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Date
1857
01 (11)
02 (15)
03 (7)
04 (9)
05 (10)
06 (13)
07 (15)
08 (6)
09 (11)
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11 (12)
12 (13)
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