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To John Lubbock   14 [July 1857]

Summary

Thanks JL for saving him from "a disgraceful blunder". Following their conversation he has divided the New Zealand flora as JL suggested and finds genera with four or more species are more variable than those with three or less. It will take several weeks to go back over all his material.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  14 [July 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 18 (EH88206467)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2123

To J. D. Hooker   14 July [1857]

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Summary

Asks to borrow several Floras. Must redo calculations as John Lubbock has shown him an important error.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 July [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 204
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2124

To Asa Gray   20 July [1857]

Summary

Believes species have arisen, like domestic varieties, with much extinction, and that there are no such things as independently created species. Explains why he believes species of the same genus generally have a common or continuous area; they are actual lineal descendants.

Discusses fertilisation in the bud and the insect pollination of papilionaceous flowers. His theory explains why, despite the risk of injury, cross-fertilisation is usual in the animal and vegetable kingdoms, even in hermaphrodites.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 July [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (9b)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2125

To T. C. Eyton   22 [July 1857]

Summary

Sends TCE West African dog’s skin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  22 [July 1857]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.148)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2126

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   [before 25 July 1857]

Summary

CD has saved an enormous amount of labour since he replaced the chain on his deep well with wire rope. He now asks readers whether they have had experience of saving on the weight of the bucket by using some material other than oak.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [before 25 July 1857]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 25 July 1857, p. 518
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2127

To W. B. Tegetmeier   27 July [1857]

Summary

Arrangements for delivery of pigeons and poultry to Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  27 July [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2128

To J. D. Hooker   1 August [1857]

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Summary

Important issue at stake with new flora calculations: evidence that species are only strongly marked varieties. Planning large-scale survey.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Aug [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 206, 207
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2130

To Laurence Edmondston   2 August [1857]

Summary

Thanks for rabbit.

Are there dun-coloured ponies in Shetlands? Are they striped?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Laurence Edmondston
Date:  2 Aug [1857]
Classmark:  L. D. Edmondston (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2131

To J. S. Henslow   10 August [1857]

Summary

Delighted that JSH is coming to Down. Sends correct train time.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  10 Aug [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2132

To J. D. Hooker   22 August [1857]

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Summary

Tabulation of varieties goes on; very important as it shows the branching of forms. Mentions his principle of divergence.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 Aug [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 208
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2134

To W. E. Darwin   [before 29 October 1857]

Summary

Reports progress of work on the new rooms [at Down].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [before 29 Oct 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2135

To Asa Gray   5 September [1857]

Summary

Encloses an abstract of his ideas on natural selection and the principle of divergence; the "means by which nature makes her species".

Discusses varieties and close species in large and small genera, finding some data from AG in conflict with his expectations.

Has been observing the action of bees in fertilising kidney beans and Lobelia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  5 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (48)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2136

To J. D. Hooker   6 September [1857]

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Summary

Some negative results in variety tabulation survey.

Galls on wild carrot.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 209
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2137

To Secretary, Academia Caesarea Leopoldino-Carolina Naturae Curiosorum   8 September [1857]

Summary

CD acknowledges honour of his election to the Academy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Academia Caesarea Leopoldino-Carolina Naturae Curiosorum
Date:  8 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 200–202 )
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2138

To J. D. Hooker   11 September [1857]

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Summary

Representative species may complicate tabulation of varieties.

Questions for Mr Anderson about horse colouring in Norway.

Has been writing an "audacious little discussion" to show that "organic beings are not perfect, only perfect enough to struggle with their competitors".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 211; DAR 115: 73a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2140

To T. H. Huxley   15 September [1857]

Summary

Thanks for three last lectures and the account of cirripedes.

Difficulty of classifying the higher groups.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  15 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 137)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2141

To William Walmisley Baxter   23 September [1857–9?]

Summary

The returned gloves are similar to some he has already, and he would prefer a pair with stiffer bristles.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  23 Sept [1857-9]
Classmark:  Lyon & Turnbull, Edinburgh, 4 February 2009
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2142F

To T. H. Huxley   26 September [1857]

Summary

Agassiz’s superficiality and wretched reasoning powers. But he stirred up Europe on glaciers. Lyell has been working on their effects – testing work of others.

CD believes "Natural Systems" ought to be simply genealogical. "Time will come when we shall have true genealogical trees of each great kingdom of nature."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  26 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 54)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2143

To W. B. Tegetmeier   29 September [1857]

Summary

Will collect no more pigeons. Is awaiting Burmese fowls’ skins coming via Berlin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  29 Sept [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2146

To W. E. Darwin   29 [October 1857]

Summary

Discusses WED’s future education, the work on the extension, and other domestic affairs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  29 [Oct 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2147
Document type
letter (132)
Author
Darwin, C. R.disabled_by_default
Date
1857disabled_by_default
01 (11)
02 (15)
03 (7)
04 (9)
05 (10)
06 (13)
07 (15)
08 (6)
09 (11)
10 (10)
11 (12)
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