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To John Lubbock   23 September [1856]

Summary

Sends review by Quatrefages [de Bréau] of Owen’s Parthenogenesis [1849].

J. D. Dana’s congratulations on JL’s marriage.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  23 Sept [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 283: 12 (EH 88206461)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1960

To P. H. Gosse   28 September 1856

Summary

Thanks PHG for information about the bald-pate pigeon.

Will write to Richard Hill.

Can PHG remember any facts relevant to transport of animals and plants to distant islands?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Philip Henry Gosse
Date:  28 Sept 1856
Classmark:  This text: Gosse, E. W. 1890: 267; original: The British Library (Charnwood Autographs Vol. IV Add MS 70951: 316)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1962

To J. D. Hooker   28 September [1856]

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Summary

Will send MS on one point of geographical distribution. It is "of infinite importance" that JDH see it, for CD has never felt such difficulty in deciding what to do.

Wants capsules of aquatic plants, to float in sea-water.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 Sept [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 177
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1963

To J. D. Dana   29 September [1856]

Summary

Thanks JDD for replies to queries [in 1925]; would like to know whether teeth of cave rat are of New or Old World type.

Wishes Louis Agassiz would publish his theory of parallels of geological and embryological development. "I wish to believe but have not seen nearly enough as yet to make me a disciple."

Is working hard on variations and origin of species, but fears it will be a couple of years before he publishes.

Describes his recent work on rabbits and pigeons.

The dispersal of land Mollusca is a most difficult problem.

Confesses he is sceptical of immutability of species; discusses difficulty of proving it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Dwight Dana
Date:  29 Sept [1856]
Classmark:  Yale University Library: Manuscripts and Archives (Dana Family Papers (MS 164) Series 1, Box 2, folder 44)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1964

To J. D. Hooker   [16 October 1856]

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Summary

Note accompanying MS of part of chapter 11 ["Geographical distribution"] of Natural selection [1975].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [16 Oct 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 50: E9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1965

From J. D. Hooker   [early December 1856]

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Summary

Podostemaceae flowering under water.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [early Dec 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 149
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1966

To W. D. Fox   3 October [1856]

Summary

Finds his grief over his daughter Anne’s death still strong.

Is following Lyell’s advice about publishing his species doctrine. It is not to be a sketch, however, but as perfect as his 19 years of work will allow. His work on pigeons has been invaluable on many points. "No subject gives me so much trouble as means of dispersal of terrestrial production in the oceanic islands."

Finds "most remarkable differences" in skeletons of rabbits.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  3 Oct [1856]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 100)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1967

To T. C. Eyton   5 October [1856]

Summary

Offers TCE dog’s skin and skull received from W. F. Daniell in West Africa.

Mentions his experiments involving hawk pellets in seed distribution.

Reminds TCE about pig crosses and incisors.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  5 Oct [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.139)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1968

To J. D. Hooker   5 October [1856]

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Summary

Agrees with JDH that Cytisus report [presumably of a large change] not sound. CD pleased because, if true, species would change too quickly.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Oct [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 178
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1969

From William Freeman Daniell   8 October – 7 November 1856

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Summary

Responds to CD’s queries on Sierra Leone: fertility of European animals introduced to W. Africa, relationship of health and complexion of Europeans, etc.

Author:  William Freeman Daniell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Oct–7 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1970

To the Royal Society   8 October [1856?]

Summary

The bearer has called for the books. Requests volumes of Isis for 1828 and 1829.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Royal Society of London
Date:  8 Oct [1856?]
Classmark:  DAR 249: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1970A

To J. D. Hooker   9 October [1856]

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Summary

CD coming to London.

Read JDH’s review [Hooker’s Kew J. Bot. 8 (1856): 54–64 et seq.] of Alphonse de Candolle’s Géographie botanique raisonnée [1855] long ago.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Oct [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 180
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1971

To Asa Gray   12 October [1856]

Summary

Thanks AG for the first part of his "Statistics [of the flora of the northern U. S.", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 22 (1856): 204–32; 2d ser. 23 (1857): 62–84, 369–403]

and for information on social and varying plants.

Would like to know number of genera of introduced plants in U. S.

Is surprised at some affinities of northern U. S. flora and asks for any climatic explanations.

Asks what proportion of genera common to U. S. and Europe are mundane.

Is glad AG will work out the northern ranges of the European species and the ranges of species with regard to size of genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  12 Oct [1856]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1973

To J. D. Hooker   [early December 1856]

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Summary

Sends JDH part of MS for chapter 3 of Natural selection ["Possibility of all organic beings crossing"] to be corrected and returned.

JDH’s report of Podostemon flowering cleistogamously under water in Bengal.

[Copious revision by JDH.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [early Dec 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 205.5: 213
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1974

To W. B. Tegetmeier   15 October [1856]

Summary

Has received fowls from interior of Sierra Leone.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  15 Oct [1856]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1975

To W. B. Tegetmeier   19 October [1856]

Summary

African fowls from Sierra Leone are pugnacious and amorous.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  19 Oct [1856]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1976

To J. D. Hooker   [19 October 1856]

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Summary

CD sorry he had to leave the Hookers abruptly to catch his train.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [19 Oct 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 179
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1977

To W. D. Fox   20 October [1856]

Summary

Has taken birds with seeds in crops to Zoological Society and fed them to eagles and owls. Pellets with seeds in perfect condition were "thrown up" in 18 and 16 hours, showing an effective means of distribution.

Asks WDF to write to his nephew in Jamaica to try experiments with floating lizards’ and snakes’ eggs in sea-water, to see if they survive.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  20 Oct [1856]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 99)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1978

To John Lubbock   27 October [1856]

Summary

Comments on JL’s paper on Daphnia, ["An account of methods of reproduction in Daphnia and of the structure of the ephippium", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 147 (1857): 79–100].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  27 Oct [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 14 (EH 88206463)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1979

To John Lubbock   [1 November 1856]

Summary

Discusses arthropod structure and the nature of the corium.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  [1 Nov 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 5 (EH 88206454)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1980
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Date
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