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To ?   9 October [1856]

Summary

Thanks for offer of Helix for experiment. Asks for assistance. Mentions failure of his own experiment involving Helix pomatia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  9 Oct [1856]
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (Autograph File, D)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1972

To J. W. Lubbock   18 November [1856]

Summary

Obliged for JWL’s note [missing]. Will forward it to Mr Wedgwood.

Remarks, "it was … blunder of A. Woods about your wanting the Furniture."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John William Lubbock, 3d baronet
Date:  18 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  The Royal Society (LUB: D24)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1990

To J. D. Hooker   18 November [1856]

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Summary

CD encloses letter from Asa Gray, although it is critical of JDH.

Role of struggle in forming species in retreat from advancing glaciers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  18 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 183
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1991

To W. B. Tegetmeier   19 November [1856]

Summary

Emma’s illness prevents his attending Philoperisteron [pigeon fanciers’ club].

Expects larger collection of skins from West Africa.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  19 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1992

To John Higgins   19 November [1856]

Summary

Is very glad to hear of the increased rent. Prefers lien agreement with tenant, Mr Hardy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  19 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/99)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1993

From H. C. Watson   19 November 1856

Summary

Discusses means of seed transport.

Considers the difficulty of deciding which, if any, botanical species are real.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 98: A7–A10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1994

From J. D. Hooker   22 November 1856

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Summary

Continued debate on formation of species as a result of retreat from glaciers.

JDH suggests internal powers of species modification, which he knows CD abhors.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 111–12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1995

From Charles Cardale Babington   22 November 1856

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Summary

He is not sure whether he has seen Subularia flowering above the water, but thinks it probably is an aerial flowerer, at least sometimes.

Has been unable to find an anonymous book on pigeons in the University Library.

Author:  Charles Cardale Babington
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 207: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1996

To J. D. Hooker   23 November [1856]

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Summary

CD, attempting to clarify debate, states more of his position. External conditions cause "mere variability". Formation of species due to selection. Relation of an organism to its associates far more important than external conditions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 184
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1997

From John Obadiah Westwood   23 November 1856

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Summary

The Kentucky cave insects (Adelops) are evidently identical to European species of the same genus, some of which are cave insects, others found in damp, dark places.

Author:  John Obadiah Westwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 297
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1998

To Asa Gray   24 November [1856]

Summary

Variability of naturalised plants.

Distribution of Arctic/alpine plant species.

Limits to the northern range of plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  24 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1999

To W. E. Darwin   25 [November 1856]

Summary

Writes about suitable mourning clothes and sale of house [Petleys, after death of Sarah Elizabeth Wedgwood I].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  25 [Nov 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2000

To John Thompson   26 November [1856]

Summary

Thanks for promise of rabbit carcase and for information about rabbit at Zoological Society’s Garden.

Requests correspondent to ask Mr Vivian for carcase of an old "Creve-coeur" cock. CD has found that the skull in this breed is modified to support its comb.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Thompson
Date:  26 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  Cambridge University Library Add 4251: 337
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2001

From H. C. Watson   26 November 1856

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Summary

Responds to CD’s query on Subularia and Limosella. There are discrepancies among authorities on whether Subularia flowers out of water. Limosella certainly flowers out of water.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 207: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2002

To George Bentham   26 November [1856]

Summary

Asks GB for help in clearing up his problems about Leguminosae, in connection with his "wild bit of speculation on the crossing of plants" [see Natural selection, p. 71].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  26 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham Correspondence, Vol. 3, Daintree–Dyer, 1830–1884, GEB/1/3: f. 684)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2003

From George Howard Darwin   [28 November 1856]

Summary

Letter from school with instructions where to put away his belongings at home.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [28 Nov 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 251: 2222
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2003F

To W. B. Tegetmeier   29 November [1856]

Summary

Has received some poultry from various parts of the world.

CD is glad that WBT is describing the birds that he acquires.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  29 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2004

To George Bentham   30 November [1856]

Summary

Thanks GB for information on Leguminosae, especially about those with apetalous flowers and almost without anthers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  30 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham Correspondence, Vol. 3, Daintree–Dyer, 1830–1884, GEB/1/3: f. 685)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2005

To J. S. Henslow   [after 6 December 1856]

Summary

He is steadily and very hard at work on "Variation" [Natural selection] and finds the whole subject "deeply interesting but horribly perplexed".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  [after 6 Dec 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2006

To J. D. Hooker   1 December [1856]

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Summary

Questions JDH on separation of sexes in trees in New Zealand flora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Dec [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 185
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2008
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