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From J. D. Dana   8 September 1856

Summary

Responds to CD’s query about the blind fauna of Mammoth Cave.

Gives information from L. Agassiz. Distribution of Crustacea, especially along southern coastlines.

Author:  James Dwight Dana
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Sept 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 269 (Letters), DAR 162: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1951

From Peter Wallace   10 September 1856

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Summary

Reports on the naturalised animal life of Ascension.

Author:  Peter Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Sept 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 261
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1953

From Victor de Robillard    20 September 1856

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Summary

C. T. Beke has communicated to the Mauritius Natural History Society a letter he received from CD. VdeR attempts to answer questions on transport of seeds by the ocean.

Author:  Victor de Robillard
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Sept 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 286
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1956

From Asa Gray   23 September 1856

Summary

Plants that are social in the U. S. but are not so in the Old World.

Distribution of U. S. species common to Europe.

Gives Theodor Engelmann’s opinion on the relative variability of indigenous and introduced plants and notes the effects of man’s settlement on the numbers and distribution of indigenous plants.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Sept 1856
Classmark:  DAR 165: 94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1959

From J. D. Hooker   [early December 1856]

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Summary

Podostemaceae flowering under water.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [early Dec 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 149
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1966

From William Freeman Daniell   8 October – 7 November 1856

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Summary

Responds to CD’s queries on Sierra Leone: fertility of European animals introduced to W. Africa, relationship of health and complexion of Europeans, etc.

Author:  William Freeman Daniell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Oct–7 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1970

From Asa Gray   4 November 1856

Summary

Outlines the ranges of northern U. S. species common to Europe. Hopes to investigate the resemblances between the floras of the north-eastern U. S. and western Europe. Discusses routes by which alpine plants appear to have reached U. S.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 165: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1982

From J. D. Hooker   9 November 1856

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Summary

JDH approves MS section on geographical distribution.

Never felt so shaky about species before.

His objections to some mechanisms of distribution that CD proposes.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 105–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1983

From H. C. Watson   10 November 1856

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Summary

Greatly interested in CD’s experiments with seeds in salt water [see "Action of sea-water on seeds", Collected papers 1: 264–73]. Believes CD exaggerates the force of the objection, against migration, that seeds tend to sink.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 296
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1985

From W. F. Daniell   14 November 1856

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Summary

Believes he can give CD information on Mammalia of St Thomas [São Tomé, Gulf of Guinea]. Quotes from a Portuguese history of the islands on unique species of monkeys and civet cats found there.

Author:  William Freeman Daniell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 270, 271
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1988

From H. C. Watson   19 November 1856

Summary

Discusses means of seed transport.

Considers the difficulty of deciding which, if any, botanical species are real.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 98: A7–A10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1994

From J. D. Hooker   22 November 1856

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Summary

Continued debate on formation of species as a result of retreat from glaciers.

JDH suggests internal powers of species modification, which he knows CD abhors.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 111–12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1995

From Charles Cardale Babington   22 November 1856

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Summary

He is not sure whether he has seen Subularia flowering above the water, but thinks it probably is an aerial flowerer, at least sometimes.

Has been unable to find an anonymous book on pigeons in the University Library.

Author:  Charles Cardale Babington
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 207: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1996

From John Obadiah Westwood   23 November 1856

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Summary

The Kentucky cave insects (Adelops) are evidently identical to European species of the same genus, some of which are cave insects, others found in damp, dark places.

Author:  John Obadiah Westwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 297
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1998

From H. C. Watson   26 November 1856

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Summary

Responds to CD’s query on Subularia and Limosella. There are discrepancies among authorities on whether Subularia flowers out of water. Limosella certainly flowers out of water.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 207: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2002

From George Howard Darwin   [28 November 1856]

Summary

Letter from school with instructions where to put away his belongings at home.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [28 Nov 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 251: 2222
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2003F

From George Dickie   1 December 1856

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Summary

His observations on Subularia: has never seen it in flower in the air.

Author:  George Dickie
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Dec 1856
Classmark:  DAR 207: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2009

From T. V. Wollaston   [11 or 18 December 1856]

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Summary

Informs CD that the "dishonest mollusks" were collected in May 1855 in Porto Santo. Describes some Madeira species. Though believing in "species" more and more, these may be "mere insular modifications".

Author:  Thomas Vernon Wollaston
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [11 or 18] Dec 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 301
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2013

From J. D. Hooker   7 December 1856

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Summary

Has done New Zealand flora calculations. Results support CD’s theory of necessity of crossing. Trees tend to have separate sexes.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Dec 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 113–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2014

From J. D. Dana   8 December 1856

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Summary

Agassiz has informed him that the mice and rats of Mammoth Cave are American in type.

Alludes to CD’s doubt of the principle that "progress of life on the globe is parallel with the development in different tribes". Outlines his own ideas on the "unfolding of the type-idea" and its "parallelism with the law of development in the embryo".

Author:  James Dwight Dana
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Dec 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 378
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2016
Document type
letter[X]
Addressee
Darwin, C. R.[X]
Date
1856
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