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From Hewett Cottrell Watson   [19 November 1854]

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Summary

In response to CD’s query, HCW says he cannot supply "any list of species as the flora of a single and sterile soil". Suggests a possible source of information, and provides some figures for Britain, but these apply to diverse soils.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [19 Nov 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 402
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1604

From H. C. Watson   20 November [1854]

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Summary

Sends a count of the number of species of flowering plants and ferns on the islands of Fayal and Flores in the Azores.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Nov [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.4: 101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1605

To A. C. Ramsay   22 November [1854]

Summary

Grief at the death of Edward Forbes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Andrew Crombie Ramsay
Date:  22 Nov [1854]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1606

From J. D. Hooker   [15 November 1854]

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Summary

George Bentham’s list of aberrant plant genera. JDH appended the number of species in each genus according to E. G. Steudel’s catalogue [Nomenclator botanicus (1840–1)] and according to JDH and Bentham.

JDH speculates on effect of splitting Australia longitudinally on distribution; it becomes an argument for new creations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 Nov 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 386
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1607

To J. D. Hooker   2 December [1854]

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Summary

JDH’s "grand speech" on receiving the Royal Medal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1609

To J. D. Hooker   4 December [1854]

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Summary

Is Bentham’s list of aberrant genera biased by exclusion of genera with many species?

JDH’s belief that Aquilegia varieties are one species is consistent with their great interfertility.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 159
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1610

To Saba Holland   4 December [1854]

Summary

Thanks for Lady Holland’s kind present. Will only lend it to his sister-in-law and his aunt.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Saba Holland
Date:  4 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  John Wilson (dealer) (19 January 2011)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1610F

From J. D. Hooker   5 December [1854]

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Summary

Bentham’s list of aberrant genera: CD’s worry that he eliminated large genera a priori is half right. He eliminated those large, anomalous genera that virtually constitute natural orders. JDH criticises CD’s tabulations of aberrants.

Difficulty of distinguishing affinity and analogy in plants.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 388–90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1611

To J. D. Hooker   11 [December 1854]

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Summary

Debates aberrant species, e.g., Ornithorhynchus and Echidna, with JDH. CD argues they are result of extinction having removed intermediate links to allied forms.

Studying effects of disuse in wings of tame and wild ducks.

Tabulations showing that number of species in a genus is not correlated with number of genera in an order.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 [Dec 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 148
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1612

To G. H. Turnbull   12 December [1854]

Summary

Thanks for subscription to Down Coal and Clothing Club, whose finances are improving.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Henry Turnbull
Date:  12 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 3 (EH 88206055)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1613

To John Higgins   25 December 1854

Summary

Discusses his account. Mentions health of children.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  25 Dec 1854
Classmark:  Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/83)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1615

From J. D. Hooker   [3 November 1854]

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Summary

JDH’s contempt for R. I. Murchison.

There is a Cyperus species and a Pteris species endemic to hot volcanoes of Ischia. Why are there no other migrators?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3 Nov 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 214–15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1629

To Francis Galton   28 May [1854]

Summary

Discusses how Fuegians and other primitive peoples light fires.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Galton
Date:  28 May [1854]
Classmark:  UCL Library Services, Special Collections (GALTON/1/1/9/5/7/2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1881
Document type
letter (73)
Date
1854
01 (3)
02 (7)
03 (8)
04 (3)
05 (4)
06 (4)
07 (2)
08 (9)
09 (10)
10 (2)
11 (13)
12 (8)
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