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To David Milne   20 [September 1847]


Comments on paper by DM ["On the parallel roads of Lochaber", (1847) Trans. R. Soc. Edinburgh 16 (1849): 395–418]. "I am not in the least convinced about the Barriers … [but] I am very much staggered in favour of the ice-lake theory of Agassiz & [William] Buckland." Will "send a letter to the Scotsman, in which I give briefly my present impression".

Cites facts mentioned in South America possibly of use to DM.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  David Milne Home
Date:  20 [Sept 1847]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (MS.3813)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1120

To the Scotsman   [after 20 September 1847]


Comments on article by David Milne ["On the parallel roads of Lochaber" (1847), Trans. R. Soc. Edinburgh 16 (1849): 395–418]. Refers to his paper on Glen Roy [Collected papers 1: 87–137]. Comments on Louis Agassiz’s article ["The glacial theory and its recent progress", Edinburgh New Philos. J. 33 (1842): 217–83]. Cites his own observations on glaciers in N. Wales. Discusses possibility of ice barrier creating lake. Notes objections to theory of an ice barrier. Defends his own theory that the roads are sea-beaches. Suggests questions for further investigation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  The Scotsman
Date:  [after 20 Sept 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 50: B1–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1121

To J. D. Hooker   [5 October 1847]



Mystified by the origin of coal-plants.

Milne’s Glen Roy theory is absurd but, oddly, it has staggered CD in favour of Agassiz’s ice-lake theory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [5 Oct 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 108
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1123

To Joseph Beete Jukes   8 October [1847]


Flattered by JBJ’s discussion of coral reefs [in Voyage of H.M.S. "Fly" 1 (1847): 347–8]. CD has always thought his Coral reefs "too bold and speculative", so he is gratified "when anyone who has had opportunities of observation does not give his verdict against it".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Beete Jukes
Date:  8 Oct [1847]
Classmark:  University of Oklahoma Libraries History of Science Collections
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1125

To Robert Hutton   [1847 – 12 November 1848]


Tells RH that he has secured an introduction to Lady Emily Finc[-Hatton] through a friend of his father’s. Thanks RH for his efforts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Hutton
Date:  [1847 – 12 Nov 1848]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.67)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1040

To Josiah Wedgwood III   [20? August 1847]


Discusses the buying and selling of certain railway shares.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Wedgwood, III
Date:  [20? Aug 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 210.10: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1042

To Josiah Wedgwood III   [22 June – 13 August 1847]


Wants JW’s permission to carry out certain investments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Wedgwood, III
Date:  [22 June – 13 Aug 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 210.10: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1043

To Richard Owen   [1847?]


Asks to meet RO to get his opinion on zoological points.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  [1847?]
Classmark:  Yale University Medical Historical Library, Harvey Cushing / John Hay Whitney Medical Library (MMS)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1044

To J. F. Royle   [16 April – 21 May 1847]


CD understands that JFR cannot lend him the volumes [of Trans. Agric. & Hortic. Soc. India] at present. Thanks for offer to inform him of other works on the breeds of animals in India.

CD fears his belonging to the new club [Philosophical Club of the Royal Society] would be useless, since he is seldom able to dine out.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Forbes Royle
Date:  [16 Apr – 21 May 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 400
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1047

To Leonard Horner   [January 1847]


Responds to LH’s comments on South America.

Discusses inclination of lava stream.

Sketches in second edition of Journal of researches more accurate than in first.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Horner
Date:  [Jan 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 145: 139
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1048

To William Benjamin Carpenter   [January? 1847]


Arranges to meet with WBC to get his advice about buying a microscope.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Date:  [Jan? 1847]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.55)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1050

To J. L. Stokes   2 January [1847]


Thanks for sending his "magnificent book" [Discoveries in Australia (1846)].

Asks JLS to visit Down on "Saturday the 16th" and Sunday. He has also invited Forbes, Falconer, Hooker and Waterhouse. [See 1036.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lort Stokes
Date:  2 Jan [1847]
Classmark:  University of Akron (Herman Muehlstein Rare Book Collection: tipped into a copy of Origin 1st ed. (QH365 .O2 1859))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1050A

To Charles Lyell   [23 January 1847]


Asks CL to address a letter to Charles Maclaren.

Discusses recent publication by David Milne on erratic boulders [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 42 (1847): 154–172].

Views of Bernhard Studer on foliation of gneiss in the Alps. Asks CL to tell Leonard Horner of Studer’s views.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [23 Jan 1847]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.65)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1051

To Daniel Sharpe   [19 January 1847]


Comments on letter by Bernhard Studer ["Remarks on the geological relations of the gneiss of the Alps", Edinburgh New Philos. J. 42 (1846–7): 186] and on article by DS ["On slaty cleavage", J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 3 (1847): 74–105]. Discusses geological cleavage and foliation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Sharpe
Date:  [19 Jan 1847]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 42240: 21–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1052

To Charles Lyell   [on or before 20 January 1847]


Quotes from South America [p. 167] on the foliation of metamorphic rocks.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [on or before 20 Jan 1847]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1053

To Bernhard Studer   20 January [1847]


Much interested in BS’s letter on gneiss ["Remarks on the geological relations of the gneiss of the Alps", Edinburgh New Philos. J. 42 (1847): 186–7].

Sends copy of South America.

Has shown that lamination of metamorphic schists closely allied with cleavage.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Bernhard Studer
Date:  20 Jan [1847]
Classmark:  Burgerbibliothek Bern, Bern, Switzerland
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1054

To Emma Darwin   [31 October 1847]


Has had two bad days with boils.

Is reading Last days of Pompeii [Edward Bulwer Lytton (1834)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  [31 Oct 1847]
Classmark:  DAR 210.8: 26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1132

To Leonard Jenyns   21 [January 1847]


Acknowledges receipt of [The naturalist’s pocket] almanack edited by LJ. Suggests some improvements.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Date:  21 [Jan 1847]
Classmark:  Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1055

To Mary Elizabeth Lyell   [4 October 1847]


Thanks Mrs Lyell for barnacle specimens.

Mentions Agassiz’s classification of saurians.

Discusses letter from Chambers on "roads" in Scottish glens; views of Agassiz and Buckland on the glens.

Is reading Hugh Miller [First impressions of England and its people (1847)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Mary Elizabeth Horner; Mary Elizabeth Lyell
Date:  [4 Oct 1847]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.63)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1122
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letter (99)
Darwin, C. R.[X]
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